Ahlat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Akhlat)
Jump to: navigation, search
Ahlat
Ahlat is located in Turkey
Ahlat
Ahlat
Coordinates: 38°45′10″N 42°29′40″E / 38.75278°N 42.49444°E / 38.75278; 42.49444Coordinates: 38°45′10″N 42°29′40″E / 38.75278°N 42.49444°E / 38.75278; 42.49444
Country Turkey
Province Bitlis
Government
 • Mayor Abdulalim Mümtaz Çoban (AKP)
 • Kaymakam Bilal Şentürk
Area[1]
 • District 989.26 km2 (381.96 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 21,122
 • District 37,358
 • District density 38/km2 (98/sq mi)
Post code 13400
Website www.ahlat.bel.tr

Ahlat (Armenian: Խլաթ, Khlat; Ottoman Turkish: اخلاط), is a historic town and district in Turkey's Bitlis Province in Eastern Anatolia Region. From 1929-1936, it had been included as a district of Van Province. The town of Ahlat is situated on the northwestern shore of Lake Van. Its current mayor is Abdulalim Mümtaz Çoban (AKP).

History[edit]

Ahlat, known by its Armenian name of Khlat in the ancient and medieval period, was once a part of the district of Bznunik'. During the early eighth century, Arab tribes settled in the region, which lay on the frontier with Byzantium, and it became part of the Arab Kaysite principality.[3] Ibn Hawqal mentioned it as an important stopover point on the Urmia-Mayyafariqin trade route. In the winter of 998, the Curopalates David III of Tao besieged Khlat but was unable to capture it, partly because of his contemptuous treatment toward the Armenian population.[4]

In the accounts of Nasir Khusraw the town of "Akhlat" is mentioned once: "And from there (Van) we arrived at Akhlat on the 18th of Jumada al-awwal and this town marks the borders of Armenians and Muslims, ... an Emir ruled there whom they called Nassr-ol-dolat and had many sons and had appointed them as district governors within his kingdom. In this town three languages are spoken: Taazi (Arabic), Persian, and Armenian and I think that's why they call this town Akhlat (Arabic word from the roots "Kha-la-ta" which means "mix, to mix".). They used coins worth 300 Dirhams each."

Ahlat today[edit]

Ahlat and its surroundings are known for a large number of historic tombstones left by the Ahlatshah dynasty. Efforts are presently being made by local authorities with a view to including the tombstones on UNESCO's World Heritage List,[5] where they are currently listed tentatively.[6]

In recent years, Ahlat also came to be known for the quality of its potatoes, which carved themselves a sizable share in the Turkish agricultural products market.[7]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Ahlat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(33)
2
(35)
5
(41)
11
(51)
16
(60)
22
(71)
27
(80)
27
(80)
23
(73)
16
(60)
9
(48)
3
(37)
13.5
(55.8)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(24)
−4
(24)
−2
(28)
2
(35)
6
(42)
10
(50)
15
(59)
14
(57)
11
(51)
6
(42)
1
(33)
−2
(28)
4.4
(39.4)
Precipitation cm (inches) 5
(2)
6.4
(2.5)
6.9
(2.7)
8.6
(3.4)
8
(3)
3.3
(1.3)
0.5
(0.2)
0.8
(0.3)
1.5
(0.6)
6.4
(2.5)
6.6
(2.6)
5
(2)
59
(23.1)
Source: Weatherbase [8]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Ter-Ghewondyan, Aram N. The Arab Emirates in Bagratid Armenia. Trans. Nina G. Garsoïan. Lisbon: Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, 1976, pp. 32, 144.
  4. ^ Ter-Ghewondyan, ''The Arab Emirates in Bagratid Armenia, pp. 113, 139.
  5. ^ Yüksel Oktay. (article) "On the Roads of Anatolia - Van". Los Angeles Chronicle. 
  6. ^ (List) "Tentative World Heritage Sites". UNESCO. 
  7. ^ (article) "Türkiye'nin en kaliteli patatesi Ahlat'ta (Turkey's best quality potatoes are in Ahlat". Kenthaber Association of Local Newspapers of Turkey. 
  8. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Ahlat, Turkey". Weatherbase. 2011.  Retrieved on November 24, 2011.