Algerian nationality law
The Algerian nationality law, promulgated in 1963, granted citizenship only to Muslims, requiring that only those individuals whose father and paternal grandfather had Muslim personal status could become citizens of the new state. The Christian and Jewish inhabitants of Algeria during French colonisation were considered as French citizens, but the Muslims were considered as indigenous under a special set of laws known as Code de l'indigénat and were not eligible to French citizenship and in practice, had an inferior legal status.
A new nationality law was enacted in 1970 which makes no reference to religious status. However, the new law grants citizenship to children based on the existing nationality of the parents, resulting in the previous Muslim status of the parents being applicable to their offspring.
Nationality by descent is granted to a child whose father is an Algerian national, or if the mother is an Algerian national but only if the father is unknown or stateless. (Article 6) Nationality by birth is only granted to children whose parents are unknown. (Article 7) Nationality by naturalisation is possible but the criteria are very vague and subject to ministerial discretion. (Articles 10, 11 and 26)
Algeria does not permit dual citizenship. (Article 3)
- Algerian Nationality Code, Law no. 63-69 of Mar. 27, 1963, section 34
- Law No. 1970-86, 15 December 1970, Nationality Law
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