Ali of Hejaz

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Ali bin Hussein
Ali of Hejaz.jpg
Sharif of Mecca & King of Hejaz
Reign 3 October 1924 – 19 December 1925
Predecessor Sayyid Hussein bin Ali
Successor Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Spouse Nafissa Khanum
Issue HRH Princess Khadija Abdiya
HRH Princess Aliya
HRH Crown Prince Abd al-Ilah
HRH Princess Badia
HRH Princess Jalila
House Hashemite
Father Sayyid Hussein bin Ali
Mother Abdiya bin Abdullah
Born 1879
Mecca, Second Saudi State
Died 13 February 1935
Baghdad, Kingdom of Iraq
Burial Royal Mausoleum, Adhamiyah
Religion Sunni Islam[1]

Ali bin Hussein, (Arabic: علي بن الحسين‎) GBE (1879–1935) was King of Hejaz and Grand Sharif of Mecca from October 1924 until December 1925. He was the eldest son of Sharif Hussein bin Ali, the first modern King of Hejaz, and a scion of the Hashemite family. With the passing of the kingship from his father he also became the heir to the title of Caliph, but he did not adopt the khalifal office and style.

Early life[edit]

The eldest son of Hussein, Ali bin Hussein was born in Mecca and was educated at Ghalata Serai College (Galatasaray High School) in Istanbul (Constantinople). His father was appointed Grand Sharif of Mecca by the Ottoman Empire in 1908. However, his relationship with the Young Turks in control of the Empire increasingly became strained, and, in 1916, he became one of the leaders of the Arab Revolt against Turkish rule. Following the Revolt's success, Hussein made himself the first King of Hejaz with British support. While his sons Abdullah and Faisal were made kings of Jordan and Iraq, respectively, Ali remained the heir to his father's lands in Arabia.

Ruling Hejaz[edit]

King Hussein soon found himself embroiled in fighting with the Saud, based in Riyadh. Following military defeats by the Saud, King Hussein abdicated all of his secular titles to Ali on 3 October 1924. (Hussein had previously awarded himself the religious title of Caliph in March of that year.) In December of the following year, Saudi forces finally overran Hejaz, which they eventually incorporated into the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Ali and his family fled to Iraq.

Ali bin Hussein died in Baghdad, Iraq in 1935. He had four daughters and one son, 'Abd al-Ilah, who went on to become the Regent of the Kingdom of Iraq during the minority of King Faisal II.

Marriage and children[edit]

In 1906 Ali married Nafissa Khanum, daughter of H.H. Emir Abdullah bin Muhammad Pasha, Grand Sharif and Emir of Mecca at Yeniköy, Bosphorus.[2] They had one son and four daughters:

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Hussein bin Ali
King of Hejaz
1924–1925
Succeeded by
Ibn Saud

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]