Almazbek Atambayev

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Almazbek Atambayev
Алмазбек Атамбаев
2012-03-20 Almazbek Atambayev.jpeg
4th President of Kyrgyzstan
Incumbent
Assumed office
1 December 2011
Prime Minister Omurbek Babanov
Aaly Karashev (Acting)
Zhantoro Satybaldiyev
Djoomart Otorbaev
Preceded by Roza Otunbayeva
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
In office
14 November 2011 – 1 December 2011
President Roza Otunbayeva
Preceded by Omurbek Babanov (Acting)
Succeeded by Omurbek Babanov
In office
17 December 2010 – 23 September 2011
President Roza Otunbayeva
Preceded by Daniar Usenov
Succeeded by Omurbek Babanov (Acting)
In office
29 March 2007 – 28 November 2007
President Kurmanbek Bakiyev
Preceded by Azim Isabekov
Succeeded by Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1956-09-17) 17 September 1956 (age 58)
Arashan, Soviet Union
(now Kyrgyzstan)
Political party Social Democratic Party
Spouse(s) Raisa Atambayeva
Alma mater State University of Management
Religion Sunni Islam

Almazbek Sharshenovich Atambayev (Cyrillic: Алмазбек Шаршенович Атамбаев; born 17 September 1956) has been the President of Kyrgyzstan since 1 December 2011. He previously was Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan from 17 December 2010 to 1 December 2011, having also been Prime Minister from 29 March 2007 until 28 November 2007. He also served as Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan from 30 July 1999 to 23 September 2011.

Personal life[edit]

Almazbek Atambaev was born in 1956 in the Northern region of Chui. He received his degree in economics while studying at the Moscow Institute of Management.[1]

Atambaev has four children from his marriage to his first wife Buazhar, two sons Seyit and Seytek, and two daughters Diana and Dinara. In 1988 he married his second wife, Raisa. They have two children, a boy Khadyrbek and a girl Aliya. Raisa is an ethnic Tatar, born in the Urals in Russia, who moved to Osh as a child, with her parents. She is a doctor.[2]

Political career under Akayev and Bakiyev[edit]

Atambayev was an unsuccessful candidate in the October 2000 presidential election, receiving 6% of the vote.[3]

Atambayev served as the Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism in the government from 20 December 2005[4] until he resigned on 21 April 2006.[5]

In November 2006 he was one of the leaders of anti-government protests in Bishkek, under the umbrella of the movement 'For Reform!' (За Реформы).[6] He was also involved in earlier protests in late April 2006.

On 26 December 2006 Atambayev rejected calls from other lawmakers for a dissolution of the Supreme Council, saying, "It is impossible for this Parliament to be dissolved at least until May [2007], and it has to adopt all the laws. Otherwise there will be a war in Kyrgyzstan, because even if Parliament adopts the [proposed] authoritarian constitution, I will tell you openly, we will not accept it. It would be a constitution adopted illegally. Then we would take every [possible protest action]. We are ready for that."[7]

Following the resignation of Prime Minister Azim Isabekov on 29 March 2007, Atambayev was appointed acting Prime Minister by President Kurmanbek Bakiyev.[8] He was then confirmed in parliament by a vote of 48-3 on 30 March.[9] He is the first prime minister in Central Asia to come from an opposition party.[10] On 11 April, he tried to address a large protest in Bishkek demanding Bakiyev's resignation, but was booed by the protesters.[11][12]

Bakiyev announced the resignation of Atambayev's government on 24 October 2007, following a successful referendum. The government was to remain in office until after a parliamentary election in December.[13]

Nonetheless, Atambayev resigned on 28 November 2007; Bakiyev accepted the resignation, while praising Atambayev for his performance in office, and appointed Acting First Deputy Prime Minister Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev in his place as Acting Prime Minister.[14][15] Edil Baisalov of the Social Democratic Party claimed that Atambayev was forced out of office because he was an obstacle to alleged government interference in the parliamentary election.[15]

Presidential candidate[edit]

On 20 April 2009, Atambayev was announced as a candidate for the July 2009 Kyrgyz presidential elections.[16] But on polling day Atambayev withdrew his candidacy claiming "widespread fraud": "Due to massive, unprecedented violations, we consider these elections illegitimate and a new election should be held".[17]

Political career since 2010[edit]

Following the 2010 parliamentary election, he was chosen to be Prime Minister at the head of a coalition government with his SDPK, Respublika, and Ata-Zhurt (which won a plurality in the election).[18]

Atambayev ran in 2011 to succeed Roza Otunbayeva as President of Kyrgyzstan. On election day, 30 October 2011, he won in a landslide, defeating Adakhan Madumarov from the Butun Kyrgyzstan party and Kamchybek Tashiev from the Ata-Zhurt party with 63% of the vote, and with about 60% of the eligible Kyrgyz population voting.[19]

Foreign policy[edit]

In 2011 soon after becoming President, Atambayev travelled to Turkey and signed an agreement with the Turkish President agreeing to increase trade from $300 million in 2011 to $1 billion by 2015, with Turkey also agreeing to attract Turkish investment to Kyrgyzstan to the amount of $450 million within the next few years.[20]

Russia[edit]

Atambayev has repeatedly presented himself as a pro-Russian politician. He has announced Kyrgyzstan’s entry into the Customs Union, promised to secure the withdrawal of the American base from the country in 2014, and spoken of the need for closer economic relations with Russia, which temporarily employs about 500,000 citizens of Kyrgyzstan.;[21] however, he also expressed his wish to achieve greater economic and energy independence from it.[22]

In early 2012 Atambayev travelled to Moscow, where in his meeting with Medvedev he called for the $15 million owed by Russia to Kyrgyzstan for their use of the Kant airbase.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Background on Almaz Atambayev". Kyrgyzstan: Country in transition. Carngeie Endowment for International Peace. Retrieved 23 April 2012. 
  2. ^ ""First lady of Kyrgyzstan", Radio Free Europe". Retrieved 1 May 2013. 
  3. ^ [1][dead link]
  4. ^ "New Kyrgyz Government Sworn In", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 21 December 2005.
  5. ^ "Kyrgyzstan's Trade Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 21 April 2006.
  6. ^ By Jean-Christophe Peuch (November 2006). "Kyrgyzstan: Deputies Take Legal Steps For New Constitution". Rferl. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  7. ^ "Kyrgyz Lawmakers Call For Dissolution Of Parliament", RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty, 26 December 2006.
  8. ^ "Kyrgyz Prime Minister Resigns", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 29 March 2007.
  9. ^ "Kyrgyz Parliament Confirms New Prime Minister", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 30 March 2007.
  10. ^ Ilan Greenberg, "Pressed, Kyrgyz President Names His Critic as Premier", The New York Times, 30 March 2007, Section A, Page 15.
  11. ^ "Kyrgyz opposition stages large rally against embattled president", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 11 April 2007.
  12. ^ Bruce Pannier, "Kyrgyzstan: Thousands Demand President's Resignation", Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty, 11 April 2007.
  13. ^ "President: Kyrgyz government resigns but will stay on for 2 more months", Associated Press (International Herald Tribune), 24 October 2007.
  14. ^ "Spokesman: Kyrgyz president accepts resignation of PM", Xinhua, 28 November 2007.
  15. ^ a b Daniel Sershen, "Kyrgyzstan: Prime Minister pushed aside as parliamentary election approaches", Eurasianet, 29 November 2007.
  16. ^ Bruce Pannier "Kyrgyz opposition unites unveils presidential hopeful", RFE/RL, 20 April 2009.
  17. ^ Kyrgyz candidate in poll pullout, BBC News (23 July 2009)
  18. ^ "Kyrgyz pick PM, parliament speaker". Al Jazeera. 17 December 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  19. ^ "PM Atambayev wins Kyrgyzstan presidential election". BBC News. 31 October 2011. 
  20. ^ 20 Jan 2012 (20 January 2012). "Atambayev's Turkish affair needs domestic peace". Atimes. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  21. ^ Itar Tass 1 November 2011
  22. ^ "Atambayev reviews 2011 achievements". Central Asia Online. 29 December 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
  23. ^ "Atambayev Collects Rent For Russian Military Bases, But What Is Moscow Getting?". EurasiaNet. 26 February 2012. Retrieved 13 March 2013. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Azim Isabekov
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
2007
Succeeded by
Iskenderbek Aidaraliyev
Acting
Preceded by
Daniar Usenov
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
2010–2011
Succeeded by
Omurbek Babanov
Acting
Preceded by
Omurbek Babanov
Acting
Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
2011
Succeeded by
Omurbek Babanov
Preceded by
Roza Otunbayeva
President of Kyrgyzstan
2011–present
Incumbent