André Heller

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For the Brazilian volleyball player with the same name, see André Heller (volleyball).
André Heller, 2006

Franz André Heller (born March 22, 1947 as Francis Charles Georges Jean André Heller-Hueart[1]) is an Austrian artist, author, poet, singer, songwriter and actor.

Biography[edit]

Heller was born in Vienna into a wealthy Jewish family of sweets manufacturers, Gustav & Wilhelm Heller. He visited Café Hawelka almost daily. It was in this coffeehouse that he met many men of letters including Friedrich Torberg, H. C. Artmann and occasionally Elias Canetti as well as Hans Weigel and Helmut Qualtinger, with whom he later on collaborated and performed. He took acting classes from Hans Weigel and his cohabitee Elfriede Ott.

Theatre, radio, television, songs[edit]

Heller has been writing prose, poetry, and songs since 1964. He left school shortly before obtaining the Matura, (he went to a Jesuit boarding school). From 1965 to 1967 he was a moderately successful actor at various Viennese avant-garde theatres.

Public figure[edit]

In 1967 Heller co-founded Hitradio Ö3, the ORF's then progressive pop music station, where he was one of the hosts of the daily Musicbox programme. That same year he recorded his first LP record with the title Nr1 that was released in 1970.[2] His second LP called Platte was released in 1971 and subsequently his first play premiered entitled King-Kong-King-Mayer-Mayer-Ling at Vienna Festival in 1972.[3]

Chansonnier[edit]

As a poet songwriter his work spans across a period of more than 15 years selecting diverse topics and writing for a German-speaking audience. He has worked with international names such as Ástor Piazzolla, Dino Saluzzi, Freddie Hubbard but also with Austrian artists such as Toni Stricker, Wolfgang Ambros and Helmut Qualtinger. Heller's own poetry has been set to music. He has also sung texts by other authors. For instance, "Catherine" from 1970 was set to one of the first hits of Heller. The text came from the then still largely unknown Reinhard Mey and the music from the Austro-Canadian Jack Grunsky[4] With Werner Schneyder he created Viennese German songs translated from Jacques Brel as "Franz" (after the Brel title "Jef"). Using intimate memories of traumatic childhood experiences and insights into his life as well as his Catholic-Jewish origin he created songs with the title "Angstlied" (Verwunschen, 1980)[5] Titles like "Miruna, die Riesin von Göteborg" (Verwunschen, 1980) are in turn influenced by the Vienna School of Fantastic Realism. "Das Lied vom idealen Park" (Narrenlieder 1985) or as a duet with Wolfgang Ambros introduced the Bob Dylan cover "Für immer jung" (Stimmenhören, 1983)[6] are now titles that are part of the Austro-pop cannon. In 1983 he appeared on Stimmenhören with the song "Erhebet euch Geliebte", a song at the time of the peace movement in the early 1980s. Since the early 1980s he turned increasingly to large public productions, installations and performances until 1982 where his concert career came to close. In 1985, the album Narrenlieder was released. Between 1967 and 1985 he published a total of fourteen LPs, twelve of those were gold records and earned him seven times platinum. In 1991, he wrote, looking back on this period:

"I started in 1967, to put my poems together using my voice on record and in recitals before millions of people. This was following the example of Bob Dylan's first meaningful and self-published poetry [...] 1982 was certainly the zenith of that career, where I had to stop my concerts. I realized at this point it was spoiled for me because at 8pm I had to act gifted in front of a few thousand listeners just because they had paid for admission." – Heller in the liner notes of Kritische Gesamtausgabe published in 1991.

However, on his 60th birthday, Heller gave a concert in April 2007 at the Viennese Radiokulturhaus, after twenty-five years of absence from the stage in a recital entitled Konzert für mich (Concert for me).[7]

Between 1968 and 1983 Heller recorded 15 albums as singer of his own texts and in part of his own compositions. He was on the road with 9 international concert tours, and was the host and entertainer in 12 evening-filling TV shows.

In 2006, thanks to the initiative of Chris Gelbmann, he released his last album called Ruf und Echo.[8] The 3-CD compendium is the first release in the past 20 years, containing new songs and interpretations of old hits by artists like Brian Eno, Xavier Naidoo, Thomas D, The Walkabouts.

Cultural manager[edit]

Heller was appointed Artistic Director of the Artistic and Cultural Programme that ran parallel to the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany. His company Artevent[9] was also responsible for the presentation of the Germany bid for the 2006 FIFA World Cup project. He designed the final presentation in 2000 for the successful West German application and in 2003 designed a "Fußball-Globus", an architectural project consisting of a huge lit-up football globe that toured through Germany standing in public places such as Brandenburg Gate in Berlin. Heller invented the motto for the Football World Cup, Die Welt zu Gast bei Freunden (A time to make friends).

For the World Cup, Heller planned an opening gala in Berlin's Olympic Stadium, where Brian Eno and Peter Gabriel would be involved. On 13 January 2006 it was canceled by FIFA. The reason cited was that the turf, which would have been re-installed after the end of the gala, would not be in perfect condition for the first game there.

Since 2003, Robert Hofferer is his manager and leads the firm Artevent, with headquarters in Vienna.

Actor[edit]

From 1976 until 1981, Heller played major roles in various international movies.

In the late 1960s, Heller joined as a financier the film Moos auf den Steinen with Erika Pluhar in one of the main roles for which he claims to have used up his inheritance. It was not long before he was in front the camera as an actor: Heller played the leading roles in Hans-Jürgen Syberberg's Hitler: A Film from Germany, Radu Gabrea's Fürchte Dich nicht, Jakob and Doktor Faustus by Franz Seitz and in Peter Schamoni's Frühlingssinfonie (de), a supporting role in Maximilian Schell's 1979 film Geschichten aus dem Wienerwald based on Ödön von Horváth play. In 1969, Heller participated in a televised version of Arthur Schnitzler's tragicomedy Das weite Land directed by Peter Beauvais; with O. W. Fischer (as Friedrich Hofreiter), Ruth Leuwerik (Genia Hofreiter), Walther Reyer (Dr. Franz Mauer), Helmut Qualtinger (Bankier Natter) and others, he embodied Gustav Wahl, the brother of Erna Wahl (Sabine Sinjen). In 1989 he also worked as a stamp artist; on behalf of the United Nations Postal Administration, he designed a stamp to commemorate UN Vienna's tenth anniversary.

Publications[edit]

Heller has received numerous international awards. He has to date written 14 printed publications, among them collections of stories Die Ernte der Schlaflosigkeit in Wien, Auf und Davon, Schlamassel, Als ich ein Hund war, the novel Schattentaucher, the collection of poems Sitzt ana und glaubt, er is zwa (with Helmut Qualtinger), as well as two picture books Jagmandir – Traum und Wirklichkeit and Die Zaubergärten des André Heller. 21 TV documentaries have been produced about Heller's projects, productions and plans. These were done by the likes of Werner Herzog, H. J. Syberberg, and Elsa Klensch, among others.

Private life[edit]

Heller was married from 1970 to 1984 to the actress, singer and author Erika Pluhar. For some years he lived in the 1970s with the actress Gertraud Jesserer, and much later, with the actress Andrea Eckert. Heller was romantically involved for short periods in the mid-1980s with Anke Kesselaar, Rudi Carrell′s former wife.

The artist lives in an apartment in the Palais Windischgraetz in Vienna's Innere Stadt quarter[10] that is owned by the Augustinian monastery of Klosterneuburg. In 2000, Heller received there the then German Chancellor Gerhard Schröder. Heller lives temporarily in the Giardino Botanico Hruska in Gardone Riviera. He currently lives with the former model Albina Schmid in Vienna and travels the world. He has one son, Ferdinand, who goes under the stage name "Left Boy" for his music.

Performances, installations, stage designs[edit]

  • 1981 – Flic Flac, a poetic music hall performance as part of the Vienna Festival the tour through Europe
  • 1983 – The Pyro-Poem of Theater des Feuers (Teatro de Fogo) modeled on baroque light and color games held in Lisbon. Heller financed this spectacle from his own pocket that almost put him on the brink of bankruptcy.
  • 1984 – Sturz durch Träume a fire show before the Reichstag in Berlin attracts 650 000 paying spectators
  • 1984 – Feuertheater mit Klangwolke in front of the Berlin Reichstag
  • 1985 – Misstraue der Idylle for the Federal Garden Show in Berlin, Heller created a floral painting from 40,000 plants.
  • 1985 – Begnadete Körper had its premiere on 2 November, in the Deutsches Theater in Munich. Great masters of the acrobatics schools in Anhui and Beijing tour through Europe. Heller was the first non-Chinese artist to be allowed to work with Chinese master acrobats and to present their refined skills to the West.
  • 1986 – In Graz, Heller created a Dichtergarten (poetry garden) where he had a core set of important writers create poems with flower shapes
  • 1986 – Himmelszeichen hot air balloon sculptures that are celestial signs floating in the sky of London, Munich, Venice, Oslo, New York, Moscow, San Francisco and across the Niagara Falls.
  • 1986 – Salut für Olga The show sought a revival of vaudeville arts
  • 1987 – Luna Luna, staged in Hamburg, this was Heller's Festival of Modern Art. Numerous well-known contemporary artists including Roy Lichtenstein, among others, Salvador Dalí, Joseph Beuys, Friedensreich Hundertwasser and Jim Whiting Heller participated with their art works and installations.
  • 1987 – Lachen Machen Clown Parade
  • 1988 – Body and Soul, a show of black American heritage stage show with musicians, singers, dancers, and grotesque comedy artists from Harlem, Mubale, and New Orleans; tour through New York and Europe. (Spirituals, New Orleans jazz, ragtime, bebop, sandshoe, blues, soul, scat, tap dancing)
  • 1988 – Giardino Botanico A. Hruska[11] Acquisition of Fondazione André Heller in Gardone Riviera, Italy, approximately 10.000 m2 botanical gardens
  • 1989 – Chinese National Circus
  • 1991 – Jagmandir, the eccentric private theater of the Maharana of Udaipur, India
  • 1991 – Sinking Giant flower sculpture and fountain Versinkende Riesin in the gardens of Schönbrunn Palace, Vienna
  • 1991 – WonderHouse on Broadway in New York, USA
  • 1992 – Bamboo Man a 55-meter-high sculpture floating in the harbor of Hong Kong
  • 1992 – Wintergarten-Varieté with Bernhard Paul, inauguration of the theatre-building in Berlin, Germany
  • 1995 – Swarovski Crystal Worlds Heller designed in Wattens, Tyrol
  • 1996 – Brockhaus Enzyklopädie 2000 design of the 24-volume deluxe edition of this encyclopedia for the 20th edition (also: Millennium Edition)
  • 1997 – Boat of Salt in the Dead Sea in Israel
  • 1997 – The Dumb Prophet, a light sculpture in Aït Benhaddou, Morocco
  • 1997 – Yumé – Flight through dreams a Japanese kaleidoscope, Tokyo and European tour
  • 1998 – Meteorit a place of amazement, wonder chambers on the Energy theme for the Rheinisch-Westfälische Elektrizitätswerk, Essen, Germany
  • 1998 – Anima Planning for an animal park on a former Krupp site in Bochum (not implemented)
  • 1999 – Voices of God an event with spiritual singers, musicians, and dancers from 12 cultures, Marrakech, Morocco
  • 2000 – Der Erdgeist, a 14-meter-high sculpture, half man, half bird, watches over the pavilion's Living Planet Square, the World Wide Fund for Nature at the Expo
  • 2002 – In The Heart of LightNight of The Prima Donnas: A poetic documentation of a myth conceived and produced by André Heller and adapted for the screen by Pepe Danquart
  • 2002 – Foreboding/La Voix Humaine. The Théâtre du Châtelet in Paris was the venue for the staging of "Anticipation / La Voix Humaine", a cooperation between André Heller and Jessye Norman in October 2002.
  • 2003 – Football Globe the architectural herald for the 2006 FIFA World Cup in Germany; one tour in Germany, one tour internationally (Tokyo, Paris, Milan, Zurich)
  • 2004 – Jessye Norman, a documentary by André Heller and Othmar Schmiderer
  • 2005 – Africka! Afrika! African music, dance and acrobat show (performing 2005 until at least 2009)
  • 2011 – Magnifico a fantastic horse show, showing a kaleidoscope of fairy tale scenes around the horse motif

Works[edit]

  • King Kong King Mayer-Ling – ein Stück Theater, opening premiere of the Vienna Festival, Austria
  • Sein und Schein – play, premiered in 1993 at the Burgtheater in Vienna
  • Im toten Winkel – documentary about Hitler's secretary Traudl Junge, won the Panorama Audience Award for the Berlinale 2002
  • Scheitern, scheitern, besser scheitern a conversation between Gert Voss and Harald Schmidt

Writing[edit]

  • Sie nennen mich den Messerwerfer (TBV Fischer 1974)
  • Die Ernte der Schlaflosigkeit in Wien – illustrated book (Goldmann 1975)
  • Auf und davon (Hoffmann and Campe, 1979)
  • Die Sprache der Salamander – Songs 1971–1981 (Hoffmann and Campe, 1981)
  • Flic Flac – A vaudeville poetic photographs by Stefan Moses – pictorial (Ullstein, 1982)
  • Wallfahrten zum Allerheiligsten der Phantasie (Henschel Verlag 1990)
  • Schlamassel (S. Fischer, 1993)
  • Brockhaus-Enzyklopädie 2000 – Shaping the 24-volume luxury edition (1998)
  • Bilderleben – Öffentliches & Privates – pictorial (dvdrip 2000)
  • Als ich ein Hund war (Yale University Press 2001)
  • Schattentaucher(dvdrip 2003)
  • Wie ich lernte, bei mir selbst Kind zu sein: Eine Erzählung (How I learned to be with my child self) A narrative story based on his childhood, youth at a Jesuit boarding school,[12] (S. Fischer, 2008)

Discography[edit]

  • Die frühen Jahre 1966–1969
  • No. 1 (1970)
  • Platte (1971)
  • Das war André Heller (1972)
  • Neue Lieder (1973)
  • A Musi Musi A (1974)
  • Bei lebendigem Leib (live, 1975)
  • Abendland (1976)
  • Basta (1978)
  • Bitter und Süß (1978)
  • Ausgerechnet Helle (1979)
  • Heurige und gestrige Lieder (with Helmut Qualtinger, 1979)
  • Verwunschen (1980)
  • Stimmenhören (1983)
  • Narrenlieder (1985)
  • Liebeslieder (1989)
  • Kritische Gesamtausgabe 1967–1991 (1991)
  • Ruf und Echo (2003)
  • Bestheller 1967–2007 (2008)

Awards[edit]

  • 1986 – Bambi
  • 1993 – Berlin Bär (B.Z.-Culture Award)
  • 2004 – Amadeus Austrian Music Award for Ruf und Echo[13]
  • 2004 – André Heller was elected to the list of 50 most important Austrians over the past 50 years with a readership survey from the daily Kurier.
  • 2011 – Romy for Scheitern, Scheitern, besser Scheitern, Best Documentary TV
  • 2011 – Raimund-Ring

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Größenwahnsinniger mit zureichendem Grund" (A megalomaniac, with sufficient reason to be so), Die Welt, 17 March 2012 (German)
  2. ^ Discography at André Heller website; retrieved 25 March 2012
  3. ^ Projects at André Heller website (German)
  4. ^ Jack Grunsky website. Retrieved 25 March 2012
  5. ^ Andre Heller Verwunschen (German)
  6. ^ André Heller – Stimmenhören
  7. ^ Citation by Alfred Gusenbauer for André Heller in German
  8. ^ Ruf und Echo, review by Klaus Winninger in now! (German)
  9. ^ Artevent Website - the production company owned by André Heller
  10. ^ Palais Windischgraetz (German)
  11. ^ "My Garden – Preface", retrieved 25 March 2012
  12. ^ TV Report on 3-sat entitled: "Verbannt ins Katholische" (Banished From The Catholics) retrieved 25.3.2012 under the kulturzeit (cultural Section) of 3-sat (German) author unknown and undated
  13. ^ Amadeus Austrian Music Award, accessed 25 March 2012

External links[edit]