Ankola

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Lakshmi Narayana Mahamaya Temple Ankola
Ankola
ಅಂಕೋಲ
town
Ankola is located in Karnataka
Ankola
Ankola
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 14°40′01″N 74°18′00″E / 14.667°N 74.3°E / 14.667; 74.3Coordinates: 14°40′01″N 74°18′00″E / 14.667°N 74.3°E / 14.667; 74.3
Country  India
State Karnataka
District Uttara Kannada
Area
 • Total 7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)
Elevation 16 m (52 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 14,309
 • Density 1,928.44/km2 (4,994.6/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 581 314
Telephone code +91-8388
Vehicle registration KA-30
Website www.ankolatown.gov.in

Ankola (Kannada: ಅಂಕೋಲ, is a panchayat town and a taluka in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state, India).

Ankola is small picturesque town surrounded by temples, schools, paddy fields and mango groves. Located on the coast of the Arabian sea, and has natural beaches. Ankola is famous for its native breed of mango called Ishaad as wells as bountiful its cashews.

Geography[edit]

Ankola is located at 14°39′38″N 74°18′17″E / 14.66056°N 74.30472°E / 14.66056; 74.30472.[1] It has an average elevation of 17 metres (55 feet). The Gangavali River (also known as Bedti) is a prominent river that flows near the town.[2] Summer temperatures range between 30 °C and 35 °C while winter temperatures drop down marginally to between 20 °C and 33 °C.[3]

Belekeri is a natural port located nearby which is mainly used to ship iron ore to China and Europe.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 India census,[4] Ankola had a population of 15,340. Ratio of males/females is 50%/50%.

Ankola has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 53% of the males and 47% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Ankola's population includes diverse communities and people are friendly. The main languages spoken are Kannada and Konkani. Kannada is the predominant language in Ankola Town while Konkani is spoken by minority of the population.

Villages of Ankola[edit]

Villages of Ankola include:[5]

  • Achave
  • Adigon
  • Adlur
  • Agragon (Agragone)
  • Agsur
  • Algeri (Alageri)
  • Andle
  • Aversa
  • Balale
  • Baleguli
  • Belambar
  • Belekeri
  • Belse
  • Bhavikeri (Bavikeri)
  • Bidrager
  • Bilehoingi
  • Bobruwada
  • Bogribail
  • Brahmur
  • Devigadde
  • Dongri
  • Devarbhavi
  • Gundabala
  • Halvalli
  • Harwada (Harvada)
  • Hattikeri
  • Padmapur Heggar
  • Makkigadde
  • Heggarnikotebavi
  • Hichkad
  • Hillur
  • Hittalamakki
  • Hoskeri
  • Joog
  • Jamgod
  • Kabgal
  • Kalleshwar
  • Kammani
  • Kanagil (Kangil)
  • Kendige
  • Keni
  • Kenkanishivapur
  • Kogre
  • Kumbarakeri
  • Kuntgani
  • Lakkeguli
  • Laxmeshwar
  • Manigadde
  • Manjaguni (Manjuguni)
  • Mogta
  • Moralli
  • Nadibag
  • Navagadde
  • Nellurkanchinbail
  • Poojgeri
  • Sagadgeri
  • Shetgeri
  • Sheveguli
  • Shikliturli
  • Shinganmakki
  • Shirgunji
  • Shirur
  • Sunksal
  • Surve (Soorve)
  • Takatgeri
  • Torke
  • Tenkankeri
  • Ulware
  • Vaidya Heggar
  • Vandige
  • Varilbena
  • Vasar Kudrige
  • Wadibogri

Salt Sathyagraha[edit]

In 1930, after the success of Mahatma Gandhi's Salt Satyagraha, Karnataka decided to conduct its own. On 13 April, in the presence of about 40,000 people M.P. Nadakarni broke the salt law in Ankola. Revu Honnappa Naik brought the first packet of salt auctioned for 30 rupees. After the auction Swami Vidyananda addressed the gathering in which leaders like Karnad Sadashiva Rao, Smt Umabai Kundapur, Dr Hardikar, T.S. Naik and others participated. The police promptly arrested the leaders but the Sathyagraha continued for 45 days with full tempo. Salt Sathyagraha was offered in nearly 30 centres like Mangalore, Kundapur, Udupi, Puttur, Padubidre, etc. in Karnataka. Students came out in large numbers to prepare salt and sell it from house to house. When Gandhiji decided to raid the salt depot at Dharsana, a similar raid was undertaken in Karnataka at Sanikatte. A group of volunteers led by Sridhar Panduranga Balaji collected a few maunds of salt and carried it to Kumta, where the whole stock was sold in 15 minutes.

Four taluks in Karnataka namely Hirekerur in Dharwad district and Ankola, Sirsi and Siddapura in North Kanara district were selected for organizing the no-tax campaign. Despite repressive measures by the authorities, the campaign was a huge success. More than 1500 activists were arrested in Karnataka for participating in the Civil-Disobedience Movement during 1930-31. These historic events led to Ankola being named the "Bardoli of Karnataka".

Beaches in Ankola[edit]

Ankola lies on the coast of the Arabian Sea and has many beaches, such as Belekeri Beach, Nadibag, Gabitkeni, Hani gudi Beach(5 km from Ankola), Honey Beach and Keni beach.

Culture[edit]

Folk Dance[edit]

Yakshagana Artists

A popular folk dance in Ankola is Yakshagana. There's also a tribal dance called Suggi.

Festivals[edit]

An annual mela called 'Bandihabba' is celebrated on Buddha Poornima in the month of May. This is an important festival to be celebrated for nine days. On ninth day the mela is conducted near Shantadurga temple and people from around the town and village will throng to temple and celebrate it.

Another big festival called 'Karthik' is celebrated during November when five temple deities will be out of Ankola town on Palakki for a night stay and will return next morning. The entire town celebrates this town with fire works.

Temples in Ankola[edit]

Ankola houses many temples such as famous Honna Raka Temple, beautiful Mahamaya, architectural Venkataramana Temple, and traditional Shantadurga(Famously known as Bhumidevathe), Eeshwar devastan. Also migrated Konkani Saraswats brought with them their Kuladevtas. Considering this to be their safe haven, they established the Kuladevta temple in Ankola. Some of the migrated Goan Deities were Lakshmi Narayan Mahamaya(Nagve Mahmamaya) from the Nagve village in Salcette Goa, Kundodari Mahamaya (Kudteri Mahamaya) from Curtorim in Salcette Goa, and the Aryadurga temple from the Anjediva (Aryadweep) island of Goa. The Shantadurga temple assumed to be the gram devta of the village is still a question of debate, since many saraswat families do consider it to be their Kuladevta, but the locals state that the deity present is not of Konkani or Goan origin but currently a Dravidian deity. (I am not sure there still exists a separate Dravidian or other separate Aryan culture, due to the fact there is so much assimilation).

Cuisine[edit]

Usual diet contains boiled white rice (called Kuchige akki) and fish, basale soppina hulaga (a vegetable sambar) & Koli Asi (chicken curry). Fish is consumed by a large part of population. Special Preparations - 1. Kotte Roti - A form of idli-like preparation, steam cooked in a conical shaped container constructed using jackfruit leaves. Kajmiji is a local sweet.

Transportation[edit]

In Ankola public transport comes under NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation). It is connected to neighbouring coastal taluks. They are Kumta and Karwar via NH-17. Railway station is about 3 km from the town.

By road and train[edit]

  • North South Direction - It is well connected to Mangalore and Goa - by bus and train. Konkan railways operate fairly regular services. Bangalore is connected by road. The National Highway 17( NH-17, now NH -66 ) passes through Ankola from Goa to Udupi.
  • East Direction - Connected to Hubli Hyderabad by National Highway 63.
  • North direction - connected to Karwar, Goa by Road, Rail.
  • South Direction - connected to Gokarna, Murdeshwar Udupi by Road, Rail.
  • West Direction - Arabian Sea & Beaches.

A Hubli to Ankola train facility will begin from 2015 onwards.

Airports[edit]

News and Media[edit]

  • Karavali Munjavu is a local news paper.[6]
  • Arya news, City News, Canera News, and Nuthana News are some prominent news channels.

Schools and Colleges of Ankola[edit]

Nirmala Hrudaya, PMHS, Shri Manjunath swamy High school, Jai Hind high school, KLE's(Karnataka Lingayat Education) schools and college are some of the known schools of Ankola. Gokhale Centenary College offers undergraduate courses in various subjects of Arts, Science and Commerce stream. Besides, it offers post graduate courses in arts subjects like Kannada and History in distant education mode under Kannada University Hampi. Gokhale Centenary College is permanently affiliated to Karnatak University. The college was named after the very famous Indian freedom fighter - Shri Gopal Krishna Gokhale. Also a new college called Himalaya pre university college(2013)is well known in Ankola.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ankola (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
  2. ^ "Uttara Kannada District Profile". Retrieved 2 Sep 2014. 
  3. ^ "Ankola Town Panchayath". 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ "Grama Panchayat Wise Village List, Ankola Taluk". Retrieved 2 Sep 2014. 
  6. ^ Karavali Munjavu

External links[edit]