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|• Total||7.42 km2 (2.86 sq mi)|
|Elevation||16 m (52 ft)|
|• Density||1,928.44/km2 (4,994.6/sq mi)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Ankola (Kannada: ಅಂಕೋಲಾ, Konkani:अंकोला) is a panchayat town and a taluka in Uttara Kannada district of Karnataka state, India. A small town, it is surrounded by numerous temples. It is on the coast of the Arabian sea, and has many beaches including Baskal Gudda, Nadibag, Shedikuli, Keni, and Belekeri. Ankola is famous for its cashews and its native breed of mango, which is called ishaad.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Villages of Ankola
- 3 Schools and Colleges of Ankola
- 4 Demographics
- 5 History of Salt Sathyagraha in Karnataka
- 6 Beaches in Ankola
- 7 News and Media
- 8 Culture
- 9 Transportation
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Ankola is located at  It has an average elevation of 17 metres (55 feet). Belekeri is a natural port, which is mainly used to ship iron ore to China and Europe. Ankola is also known as the "Bardoli of Karnataka"..
Villages of Ankola
Villages of Ankola include:
- Agragon (Agragone)
- Algeri (Alageri)
- Bhavikeri (Bavikeri)
- Harwada (Harvada)
- Heggar Makkigadde
- Kanagil (Kangil)
- Manjaguni (Manjuguni)
- Surve (Soorve)
- Tenkankeri (Tenkanakeri)
- Vasar Kudrige
Schools and Colleges of Ankola
Nirmala Hrudaya, PMHS, Shri Manjunath swamy High school, Jai Hind high school, KLE's(Karnataka Lingayat Education) schools and college are some of the known schools of Ankola. Gokhale Centenary College offers undergraduate courses in various subjects of Arts, Science and Commerce stream. Besides, it offers post graduate courses in arts subjects like Kannada and History in distant education mode under Kannada University Hampi. Gokhale Centenary College is permanently affiliated to Karnatak University. The college was named after the very famous Indian freedom fighter - Shri Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
As of 2011[update] India census, Ankola had a population of 15,340. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Ankola has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with 53% of the males and 47% of females literate. 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Ankola's population includes diverse communities like:
History of Salt Sathyagraha in Karnataka
The Bardoli Satyagraha of 1928, in the state of Gujarat, India during the period of the British Raj, was a major episode of civil disobedience and revolt in the Indian Independence Movement. Its success gave rise to Vallabhbhai Patel as one of the greatest leaders of the independence struggle.
It shot into worldwide prominence in 1930 when Mahatma Gandhi selected Dandi as the place for the Salt Satyagraha. He marched from Ahmedabad to Dandi with some of his followers to protest against the imposition of a tax on salt. Later karnataka decided to start the Salt Sathyagraha on 13 April the day on which the infamous Jallianwala Bagh massacre had taken place and Ankola was fixed the place of venue wherein volunteers from all parts of the state were to participate. Earlier in Belguam when Gandhiji broke the Salt laws on 6th, Gangadharrao Deshpande auctioned contraband salt and Narayanarao Joshi, Jeevanarao Yalagi and Anantha Dabade brought it. All these four were arrested the next day and hartals, protests and processions followed their arrest in many parts of Karnataka.
On 13 April, in the presence of about 40,000 people M.P. Nadakarni broke the salt law in Ankola. Revu Honnappa Naik brought the first packet of salt auctioned for 30 rupees. After the auction Swami Vidyananda addressed the gathering in which leaders like, Karnad Sadashiva Rao, Smt Umabai Kundapur, Dr Hardikar, T.S. Naik and others participated. The police promptly arrested the leaders but the Sathyagraha continued for 45 days with full tempo. Salt Sathyagraha was offered in nearly 30 centres like Mangalore, Kundapur, Udupi, Puttur, Padubidre, etc. in Karnataka. Students came out in large numbers to prepare salt and sell it from house to house. When Gandhiji decided to raid the salt depot at Dharsana, a similar raid was undertaken in Karnataka at Sanikatte. A group of volunteers led by Sridhar Panduranga Balaji collected a few maunds of salt and carried it to Kumta, where the whole stock was sold in 15 minutes.
Forest Sathyagraha and agitation against the production and sale of liquors followed the Salt Sathyagraha. People broke the regulation regarding reserved forests and brought firewood or fodder and courted arrest. Picketing of liquor shops, cutting down of toddy trees and picketing the auction of toddy depots were also resorted too. It was common to see the picketers being beaten by police and also by those who were prevented from drinking. In the boycott of foreign cloth, women took a prominent part and went from house to house to gather foreign cloth and held bonfires in every village and at the same time spread the message of Charka. Four taluks in Karnataka namely Hirekerur in Dharwad district and Ankola, Sirsi and Siddapura in North Kanara district were selected for organizing the no-tax campaign. Despite repressive measures by the authorities, the campaign was a huge success. More than 1500 activists were arrested in Karnataka for participating in the Civil-Disobedience Movement during 1930-31. These Historic events led to rename Ankola as 'Bardoli of Karnataka'.
Beaches in Ankola
Ankola lies on the coast of the Arabian Sea and has many beaches, such as Belekeri Beach, Nadibag, Gabitkeni, Hani gudi Beach(5km from ankola), Honey Beach and Keni beach.
News and Media
- Karwar eNews is one of the major local newspaper in the region
- Karavali Munjavu is famous local news paper.
- Arya news, City News, Canera News are some important news channels.
Famous folk dance in Ankola is Yakshagan
a. There's also a tribal dance called "Suggi".
An annual mela called 'Bandihabba' is celebrated on Buddha Poornima in the month of May. This is an important festival to be celebrated for nine days. On ninth day the mela is conducted near Shantadurga temple and people from around the town and village will throng to temple and celebrate it.
Another big festival called 'Karthik' is celebrated during November when five temple deities will be out of Ankola town on Palakki for a night stay and will return next morning. The entire town celebrates this town with fire works.
Temples in Ankola
Ankola is houses many temples in its town and all villages. Famous temples include Honna Raka Temple, Venkataramana Temple, Shantadurga(Famously known as Bhumidevathe), Eeshwar devastan. Also migrated Konkani Saraswats brought with them their Kuladevtas. Considering this to be their safe haven, they established the Kuladevta temples in Ankola. Some of the migrated Goan Deities were Lakshmi Narayan Mahamaya(Nagve Mahmamaya) from the Nagve village in Salcette Goa, Kundodari Mahamaya (Kudteri Mahamaya) from Curtorim in Salcette Goa, and the Aryadurga temple from the Anjediva (Aryadweep) island of Goa. The Shantadurga temple assumed to b the gram devta of the village is still a question of debate, since many saraswat families do consider it to be their Kuladevta, but the locals state that the deity present is not of Konkani or Goan origin but currently a Dravidian deity.
Churches in Ankola
Ankola has two churches, one is Catholic Holy Rosary church another is Missionaries for Protestants.
All celebrate Christmas on 25th Dec every year with love.
Usual diet contains boiled white rice (called Kuchige akki) and fish, basale soppina hulaga (a vegetable sambar) & Koli Asi (chicken curry). Being a coastal town fish is consumed by a large part of population. Special Preparations - 1. Kotte Roti - A form of idli-like preparation, steam cooked in a conical shaped container constructed using jackfruit leaves. Kajmiji is a local sweet.
In Ankola public transport comes under NWKRTC (North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation). It is connected to neighbouring coastal taluks. They are Kumta and Karwar via NH-17. Railway station is about 3 km from the town.
By road and train
- North South Direction - It is well connected to Mangalore and Goa - by bus and train. Konkan railways operate fairly regular services. Bangalore is connected by road. The National Highway 17( NH-17, now NH -66 ) passes through Ankola from Goa to Udupi.
- East Direction - Connected to Hubli by National Highway 63.
- Ankola (Approved) at GEOnet Names Server, United States National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Karwar eNews
- Karavali Munjavu
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