Venezuelan Army

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Army of Venezuela)
Jump to: navigation, search
National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Military shield of venezuela.png
Venezuelan Army Emblem
Active 19 April 1810 - Present
Country  Venezuela
Branch Army of Venezuela
Role To protect and guaranty the permanent sovereignty of the nation against any external, or internal threats.
Size 120,000 (2010)[citation needed]
Patron Our Lady of Mount Carmel
Motto Forger of liberties
Colors blue and red
Engagements Venezuelan War of Independence
Spanish American wars of independence
Federal War
Commanders
Minister of the People's Power for Defense of the Republic of Venezuela and Commandant of the Operational Strategic Command of the National Armed Forces General-in-Chief Vladimir Padrino López
Commanding General, Venezuelan Army Major General Gerardo Izquierdo Torres
Inspector General, Venezuelan Army Divisional General Luis Medina Fernandez
Chief of Staff, Venezuelan Army Divisional General Jesus Alberto Milano Mendoza
Notable
commanders
Simon Bolivar
Francisco de Miranda
José Tadeo Monagas
Juan Crisóstomo Falcón
José Antonio Páez
Santiago Mariño
Carlos Soublette

The National Army of Venezuela is one of the four professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.

It is the largest military branch of Venezuela and the second in Latin America, which in 24 June 1821 won a huge military victory against the Empire of Spain, which led to the independence of the nation. It later contributed to the independence of the present-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia.

Mission and vision[edit]

Venezuelan Army flag

Its mission, as the ground forces of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is to:

  • Secure the ground defenses of the nation,
  • Contribute to the establishment of democratic institutions and build up respect and full compliance to the laws of the Republic as mandated,
  • Support national development and integration,
  • And to participate in programs of international cooperation and peacekeeping.

Its vision statement is as follows:

We are the Army that supports freedom, today based on loyalty, discipline, skills, backed by a constant training routine, constant administration and the vigilance in our excellent operative skills. To achieve these ends we shall guarantee ourselves the fulfillment of our highest functions: National military defense and security.

Functions of the Army[edit]

In accordance with the Article 9 of the National Armed Forces Organic Law as amended, the functions of the Army are to

  • Organize, train and equip units for ground forces operations
  • Establish doctrines for the various operations it has to undertake
  • Participate in military mobilization programs
  • Maintain the national borders
  • And actively achieve readiness to develop technologies and scientifically advances for the advancement of national defense

Official hymn[edit]

Spanish lyrics[edit]

Chorus

Adelante marchemos, valientes, al combate y al rudo fragor
por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
Nuestra sangre es la savia del pueblo y en el pueblo se plasma en canción
es la rosa más pura del viento que en la historia da brillo a la acción,
En las aguas, el aire y la tierra la victoria es el alba inmortal,
si sublime es el triunfo en la guerra, preservemos la gloria y la paz.

Chorus

Y si el brazo extranjero se atreve a infamar de este suelo el honor
antes muerte mil veces nos llegue que rendirnos al torpe invasor,
pues de todas las patrias que el cielo diera al hombre en morada de amor,
es la nuestra el más hondo desvelo en el sueño de un mundo mejor.

Chorus

Organization[edit]

The Venezuelan Army is divided into 4 main commands and 6 army divisions as well as other independent units reporting to Headquarters, Venezuelan Army. The Army's Air Defense Artillery Brigades also report directly, as part of the Venezuelan Air Force Air Defense Forces Command, to the Operational Strategic Command for national defense purposes in air defense matters.

Army major commands[edit]

Army General Command[edit]

  • Army Headquarters
  • Army HQ Escort and Security Battalion "Lieutenant General Daniel Florence O'Leary"
  • Army General Staff
  • Army Inspector General's Office

Army Logistics Command[edit]

  • Command HQ
  • Command HQ Company
  • Inspectoriate General
  • Adjutant General's Corps
  • Acquisitions Office
  • Army Ministers Reception Center
  • Army Armaments Corps
  • Army Intendancy
  • Army Medical Department
  • Army Transportation Corps
  • Army Communications Corps
  • Army Engineers Service
  • 82nd Logistics Support Regiment
  • 83rd Logistics Support Command
  • 84th Logistics Support Command

Army Aviation Command[edit]

  • Command HQ
  • Command, Service and Logistics Company
  • Helicopter Battalion
  • Fixed Wing Air Battalion
  • Special Reconnaissance Battalion
  • Multipurpose Helicopter Battalion
  • Army Aviation Maintenance Center
  • Army Aviation School
  • Army Aviation Center of Administration
  • Army Aviation Flight Simulation and Instruction Center

Army divisions and corps[edit]

1st Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 11th Armored Brigade[1]
  • 12th Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 13th Infantry Brigade
  • 14th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 19th Western Air Defense Artillery Brigade
  • 107th Special Operations Battalion "General in Chief Jose Gregorio Monagas"

2nd Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 21st Motorized Infantry Brigade
  • 22nd Mountain Infantry Brigade
  • 23rd Development and Security Brigade
  • 24th Light Infantry Brigade
  • 25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
  • 29th Plains Air Defense Artillery Brigade
  • 205th Divisional Combat Engineering Battalion
  • Military Police Company

The 79th Andes Air Defense Artillery Brigade reports directly to the Operational Strategic Command, while being in the 2ID's territorial jurisdiction.

3rd Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 31st Mechanized Infantry Brigade "Major General Lucas Carvajal"
  • 32nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade "General-in-Chief José Antonio Páez"[2]
  • 33rd Combat Communications Brigade
  • 35th Military Police Brigade [3]
  • 39th Central Air Defense Artillery Brigade "Colonel Juan Perez Ovalles"
  • 302nd Motorized Cavalry Group "Major General Juan Pablo Ayala"
  • 305th Combat Engineers Battalion

4th Armored Division[edit]

5th Jungle Infantry Division[edit]

  • HQ Battalion
  • 5002th Maintenance and Services Coy.
  • 51st Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 52nd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 53rd Jungle Infantry Brigade
  • 59th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
  • 505th Combat Engineers Battalion
  • 509th Special Operations Battalion (Jungle) "Colonel Domingo Montes"
  • 508th Service Support Battalion
  • 507th Communications Battalion

9th Cavalry Division[edit]

  • Division HQ
  • HQ Squadron
  • 91st Cavalry Brigade "Major General Pedro Perez Delgado"
  • 92nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
  • 93rd Caribbean Ranger Brigade (Mechanized)

6th Corps of Engineers[edit]

  • Corps HQ
  • HQ Battalion
  • 60th Engineers Training Brigade
  • 61st Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 62nd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 63rd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
  • 64th Railroad Engineering Brigade

Equipment[edit]

Air Defense Artillery
 Russia S-300VM missile systems 1 in service with 11 on order 9A84M at the MAKS-2011 (01).jpg
 Russia BUK-M2 3 [7] missile systems Buk missile system TELs.jpg
 Russia S-125 Pechora-2M missile systems 11 mobile missile systems SA-3 Las Palmas Airbase 2006.JPG
 Russia Tor M-1 missile systems 12 already in service[8] with 12 to be delivered [9] for a total of 24[10]
 Sweden Bofors RBS-70 RBS-70 Unknown number
 Russia 9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch) 9K338 Igla-S Unknown number 9K338 Igla-S (NATO-Code - SA-24 Grinch).jpg
 France Panhard AML S 530 twin 20mm AA Unknown number
 France AMX-13 Rafaga twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 USA
  Switzerland
M35 Fenix twin 35mm AA Unknown number
 Russia ZU-23-2 twin 23mm AA 300[11] units on order from Russia. Zom 1-4 version.[12] Automatic target tracking (mechanism + control electronics), laser rangefinder and optical radar + infrared radar.[13] ZU-23-2 in Saint Petersburg.jpg

Aircraft[edit]

Helicopters[edit]

Mil Mi-26T of the Venezuelan Army in Russia in March 2008.
Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[14] Notes
Mil Mi-35  Russia Attack helicopter Mil Mi-35M2 Caribe 10
Mil Mi-17  Russia Transport helicopter Kazan Mi-17V-5 Panare 18 Two losses in accidents
Mil Mi-26  Russia Heavy lift transport helicopter Mil Mi-26T2 Pemon 3
Bell 205  USA Transport helicopter Bell 205A-1/UH-1H Huey 10 being phased out (six UH-1H; four 205A-1)
Bell 206  USA Transport/training helicopter Bell 206B Jet Ranger 4 2 transport, 2 training
Bell 412  USA Transport helicopter Bell 412HP/SP 10 Two B412SP; eight B412HP
Sikorsky S-61  USA Transport helicopter Agusta-Sikorsky AS-61SD Sea King 3 being modernized
Mi 35M EV.jpeg

Fixed wing[edit]

Aircraft Origin Type Versions In service[14] Notes
IAI Arava  Israel Light utility transport 4
Beechcraft Super King Air  USA Transport 2
PZL M28  Poland Light transport 11 ENBV0063 crashed in 2010

According to the handbook Military Balance (formally - iiss.org), which is publishes an annual report on all weapons systems in all countries, the Army Air Defense Artillery units already receieved 18 Pechora 2M, 200 ZU 23-2ZOM1-4 and 12 (Air Force) Tor-M1.

References[edit]

External links[edit]