|This article needs additional citations for verification. (November 2014)|
||This article needs attention from an expert in Venezuela. (October 2009)|
|National Army of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela
Ejército Nacional de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela
Venezuelan Army Emblem
|Active||19 April 1810 - Present|
|Branch||Army of Venezuela|
|Role||To protect and guaranty the permanent sovereignty of the nation against any external, or internal threats.|
|Size||120,000 (2010)|
|Patron||Our Lady of Mount Carmel|
|Motto||Forger of liberties|
|Colors||blue and red|
|Engagements||Venezuelan War of Independence
Spanish American wars of independence
|Minister of the People's Power for Defense of the Republic of Venezuela and Commandant of the Operational Strategic Command of the National Armed Forces||General-in-Chief Vladimir Padrino López|
|Commanding General, Venezuelan Army||Major General Gerardo Izquierdo Torres|
|Inspector General, Venezuelan Army||Divisional General Luis Medina Fernandez|
|Chief of Staff, Venezuelan Army||Divisional General Jesus Alberto Milano Mendoza|
Francisco de Miranda
José Tadeo Monagas
Juan Crisóstomo Falcón
José Antonio Páez
The National Army of Venezuela is one of the four professional branches of the Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela. It has the responsibility for land-based operations against external, or internal threats that may put the sovereignty of the nation at risk.
It is the largest military branch of Venezuela and the second in Latin America, which in 24 June 1821 won a huge military victory against the Empire of Spain, which led to the independence of the nation. It later contributed to the independence of the present-day countries of Colombia, Ecuador, Panama, Peru, and Bolivia.
- 1 Mission and vision
- 2 Functions of the Army
- 3 Official hymn
- 4 Organization
- 4.1 Army major commands
- 4.2 Army divisions and corps
- 5 Equipment
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Mission and vision
Its mission, as the ground forces of the National Armed Forces of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, is to:
- Secure the ground defenses of the nation,
- Contribute to the establishment of democratic institutions and build up respect and full compliance to the laws of the Republic as mandated,
- Support national development and integration,
- And to participate in programs of international cooperation and peacekeeping.
Its vision statement is as follows:
We are the Army that supports freedom, today based on loyalty, discipline, skills, backed by a constant training routine, constant administration and the vigilance in our excellent operative skills. To achieve these ends we shall guarantee ourselves the fulfillment of our highest functions: National military defense and security.
Functions of the Army
In accordance with the Article 9 of the National Armed Forces Organic Law as amended, the functions of the Army are to
- Organize, train and equip units for ground forces operations
- Establish doctrines for the various operations it has to undertake
- Participate in military mobilization programs
- Maintain the national borders
- And actively achieve readiness to develop technologies and scientifically advances for the advancement of national defense
- Adelante marchemos, valientes, al combate y al rudo fragor
- por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
- Por la patria muy altas las frentes, despleguemos pujanza y valor.
- Nuestra sangre es la savia del pueblo y en el pueblo se plasma en canción
- es la rosa más pura del viento que en la historia da brillo a la acción,
- En las aguas, el aire y la tierra la victoria es el alba inmortal,
- si sublime es el triunfo en la guerra, preservemos la gloria y la paz.
- Y si el brazo extranjero se atreve a infamar de este suelo el honor
- antes muerte mil veces nos llegue que rendirnos al torpe invasor,
- pues de todas las patrias que el cielo diera al hombre en morada de amor,
- es la nuestra el más hondo desvelo en el sueño de un mundo mejor.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (February 2014)|
The Venezuelan Army is divided into 4 main commands and 6 army divisions as well as other independent units reporting to Headquarters, Venezuelan Army. The Army's Air Defense Artillery Brigades also report directly, as part of the Venezuelan Air Force Air Defense Forces Command, to the Operational Strategic Command for national defense purposes in air defense matters.
Army major commands
Army General Command
- Army Headquarters
- Army HQ Escort and Security Battalion "Lieutenant General Daniel Florence O'Leary"
- Army General Staff
- Army Inspector General's Office
Army Logistics Command
- Command HQ
- Command HQ Company
- Inspectoriate General
- Adjutant General's Corps
- Acquisitions Office
- Army Ministers Reception Center
- Army Armaments Corps
- Army Intendancy
- Army Medical Department
- Army Transportation Corps
- Army Communications Corps
- Army Engineers Service
- 82nd Logistics Support Regiment
- 83rd Logistics Support Command
- 84th Logistics Support Command
Army Aviation Command
- Command HQ
- Command, Service and Logistics Company
- Helicopter Battalion
- Fixed Wing Air Battalion
- Special Reconnaissance Battalion
- Multipurpose Helicopter Battalion
- Army Aviation Maintenance Center
- Army Aviation School
- Army Aviation Center of Administration
- Army Aviation Flight Simulation and Instruction Center
Army divisions and corps
1st Infantry Division
- HQ Battalion
- 11th Armored Brigade
- 12th Caribbean Ranger Brigade
- 13th Infantry Brigade
- 14th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
- 19th Western Air Defense Artillery Brigade
- 107th Special Operations Battalion "General in Chief Jose Gregorio Monagas"
2nd Infantry Division
- HQ Battalion
- 21st Motorized Infantry Brigade
- 22nd Mountain Infantry Brigade
- 23rd Development and Security Brigade
- 24th Light Infantry Brigade
- 25th Mechanized Infantry Brigade
- 29th Plains Air Defense Artillery Brigade
- 205th Divisional Combat Engineering Battalion
- Military Police Company
The 79th Andes Air Defense Artillery Brigade reports directly to the Operational Strategic Command, while being in the 2ID's territorial jurisdiction.
3rd Infantry Division
- HQ Battalion
- 31st Mechanized Infantry Brigade "Major General Lucas Carvajal"
- 32nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade "General-in-Chief José Antonio Páez"
- 33rd Combat Communications Brigade
- 35th Military Police Brigade 
- 39th Central Air Defense Artillery Brigade "Colonel Juan Perez Ovalles"
- 302nd Motorized Cavalry Group "Major General Juan Pablo Ayala"
- 305th Combat Engineers Battalion
- HQ Battalion
- 41st Armored Brigade
- 42nd Airborne Brigade
- 43rd Field Artillery Brigade "Grand Marshal of Ayacucho Antonio Jose de Sucre" 
- 44th Light Armored Brigade
- 49th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
- 402nd Anti-tank Artillery Battalion "Major General Ezequiel Zamora"
- 405th Combat Engineers Battalion
- 432nd Combat Training Center "Lieutenant General Gabriel Laurencio Silva"
5th Jungle Infantry Division
- HQ Battalion
- 5002th Maintenance and Services Coy.
- 51st Jungle Infantry Brigade
- 52nd Jungle Infantry Brigade
- 53rd Jungle Infantry Brigade
- 59th Air Defense Artillery Brigade
- 505th Combat Engineers Battalion
- 509th Special Operations Battalion (Jungle) "Colonel Domingo Montes"
- 508th Service Support Battalion
- 507th Communications Battalion
9th Cavalry Division
- Division HQ
- HQ Squadron
- 91st Cavalry Brigade "Major General Pedro Perez Delgado"
- 92nd Caribbean Ranger Brigade
- 93rd Caribbean Ranger Brigade (Mechanized)
6th Corps of Engineers
- Corps HQ
- HQ Battalion
- 60th Engineers Training Brigade
- 61st Construction and Maintenance Regiment
- 62nd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
- 63rd Construction and Maintenance Regiment
- 64th Railroad Engineering Brigade
|Air Defense Artillery|
|Russia||S-300VM||missile systems||1 in service with 11 on order|
|Russia||BUK-M2||3  missile systems|
|Russia||S-125 Pechora-2M||missile systems||11 mobile missile systems|
|Russia||Tor M-1||missile systems||12 already in service with 12 to be delivered  for a total of 24|
|Sweden||Bofors RBS-70||RBS-70||Unknown number|
|Russia||9K338 Igla-S (SA-24 Grinch)||9K338 Igla-S||Unknown number|
|France||Panhard AML S 530||twin 20mm AA||Unknown number|
|France||AMX-13 Rafaga||twin 35mm AA||Unknown number|
|M35 Fenix||twin 35mm AA||Unknown number|
|Russia||ZU-23-2||twin 23mm AA||300 units on order from Russia. Zom 1-4 version. Automatic target tracking (mechanism + control electronics), laser rangefinder and optical radar + infrared radar.|
|Mil Mi-35||Russia||Attack helicopter||Mil Mi-35M2 Caribe||10|
|Mil Mi-17||Russia||Transport helicopter||Kazan Mi-17V-5 Panare||18||Two losses in accidents|
|Mil Mi-26||Russia||Heavy lift transport helicopter||Mil Mi-26T2 Pemon||3|
|Bell 205||USA||Transport helicopter||Bell 205A-1/UH-1H Huey||10||being phased out (six UH-1H; four 205A-1)|
|Bell 206||USA||Transport/training helicopter||Bell 206B Jet Ranger||4||2 transport, 2 training|
|Bell 412||USA||Transport helicopter||Bell 412HP/SP||10||Two B412SP; eight B412HP|
|Sikorsky S-61||USA||Transport helicopter||Agusta-Sikorsky AS-61SD Sea King||3||being modernized|
|IAI Arava||Israel||Light utility transport||4|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||USA||Transport||2|
|PZL M28||Poland||Light transport||11||ENBV0063 crashed in 2010|
According to the handbook Military Balance (formally - iiss.org), which is publishes an annual report on all weapons systems in all countries, the Army Air Defense Artillery units already receieved 18 Pechora 2M, 200 ZU 23-2ZOM1-4 and 12 (Air Force) Tor-M1.
- "Trade Registers". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Hugo Chávez agradece a Rusia por suministrar a Venezuela “el armamento más moderno del mundo”". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "Венесуэла не хочет судьбы Ливии". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- "/". Retrieved 24 December 2014.
- World Air Forces 2013 - Flightglobal.com, pg 30, December 11, 2012
||This article has an unclear citation style. (September 2009)|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Army of Venezuela.|
- (Spanish) Sitio oficial del Ministerio del Poder Popular para la Defensa de Venezuela
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- (Spanish) Sitio oficial de la Aviación del Ejército del Venezuela
- Latin American Light Weapons National Inventories