Army ranks of the Japanese Empire during World War II

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Imperial Japanese Military
Empire of Japan
Administration
Imperial General Headquarters
Components
 Imperial Japanese Army
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun)
        Imperial Japanese Army Air Service
        Railways and Shipping Section
    Uniforms
 Imperial Japanese Navy
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun)
        Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service
        Imperial Japanese Navy Land Forces
    Major battles
    List of ships
    List of aircraft
    Main admirals
Rank insignia
Army rank insignia
Naval rank insignia
History of the Japanese Military
Military History of Japan during World War II

The following tables present the rank insignia of the Japanese military before and during World War II. These designs were worn on shoulders as passants[disambiguation needed] between the years 1911 and 1938, then on collars afterwards until 1945, when the Imperial Japanese Army was dissolved.

The same officer ranks were used for both the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy, the only distinction being the placement of the word Rikugun (Army) or Kaigun (Navy) before the rank. Thus, for example, a Captain in the navy shared the same rank designation as that of a Colonel in the Army-Taisa (Colonel), so the rank of "Rikugun Taisa" denoted an Army Colonel while the rank of "Kaigun Daisa" denoted a Naval Captain.

Officer ranks[edit]

Imperial Japanese Army ranks Collar insignia
Grand Marshal
Dai-Gensui (大元帥?)
Generalissimo collar rank insignia (Japan).png
Marshal General
Gensui Rikugun Taishō (元帥陸軍大将?)
As General, plus enamelled breast badge:
元帥徽章.svg
General
Rikugun Taishō (陸軍大将?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大将.svg
Lieutenant General
Rikugun Chūjō (陸軍中将?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中将.svg
Major General
Rikugun Shōshō (陸軍少将?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少将.svg
Colonel
Rikugun Taisa (陸軍大佐?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大佐.svg
Lieutenant Colonel
Rikugun Chūsa (陸軍中佐?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中佐.svg
Major
Rikugun Shōsa (陸軍少佐?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少佐.svg
Captain
Rikugun Taii (陸軍大尉?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―大尉.svg
First Lieutenant
Rikugun Chūi (陸軍中尉?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―中尉.svg
Second Lieutenant
Rikugun Shōi ( 陸軍少尉?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―少尉.svg
Warrant Officer
Rikugun Jun-i (Associate Officer) (陸軍准尉?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―准尉.svg

Enlisted ranks[edit]

All-forces ranks Collar insignia
Sergeant Major
Sōchō (曹長?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―曹長.svg
Sergeant
Gunsō (軍曹?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―軍曹.svg
Corporal
Gochō (伍長?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―伍長.svg
Junior Corporal
Gochō Kimmu jōtōhei (Senior Soldier acting as Corporal) (伍長勤務上等兵?)


Lance-Corporal
Heichō (Leading Soldier) (兵長?)

帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―兵長.svg
Senior Private
Jōtōhei (Senior Soldier) (上等兵?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―上等兵.svg
Private 1st Class
Ittōhei (Soldier First Class) (一等兵?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―一等兵.svg
Private
Nitōhei (Soldier Second Class) (二等兵?)
帝國陸軍の階級―襟章―二等兵.svg

See also[edit]