BMW Headquarters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
BMW Headquarters
4 cilindros y museo BMW, Múnich, Alemania 2012-04-28, DD 02.JPG
Alternative names BMW Tower
BMW Hochhaus
Vierzylinder
General information
Location Petuelring 130
Munich, Germany
Coordinates 48°10′37″N 11°33′36″E / 48.17694°N 11.56000°E / 48.17694; 11.56000Coordinates: 48°10′37″N 11°33′36″E / 48.17694°N 11.56000°E / 48.17694; 11.56000
Construction started 1968
Completed 1972
Opening 1973
Height
Roof 101 m (331 ft)
Technical details
Floor count 22
Floor area 72,000 m2 (780,000 sq ft)
Design and construction
Architect Karl Schwanzer
References
[1][2][3]

BMW Headquarters (German: BMW-Vierzylinder "BMW four-cylinder"; also BMW Tower or BMW Hochhaus) is a Munich landmark which has served as world headquarters for the Bavarian automaker BMW for over 40 years. It was declared a protected historic building in 1999. Extensive renovations commenced in 2004 and were completed in 2006.

Concept and construction[edit]

The Tower was built between 1968 and 1972 and was ready in time for 1972 Summer Olympics. Its inauguration followed on 18 May 1973. The 101-metre (331 ft) building is located near the Olympic Village and is often cited as one of the most notable examples of architecture in Munich. The tower's exterior is supposed to mimic the shape of four cylinders in a car engine, with the museum representing a cylinder head. Both buildings were designed by the Austrian architect Karl Schwanzer.[4]

The main tower consists of four vertical cylinders standing next to and across from each other. Each cylinder is divided horizontally in its center by a mold in the facade. Notably, these cylinders do not stand on the ground; they are suspended on a central support tower. During the construction, individual floors were assembled on the ground and then elevated. The tower has a diameter of 52.30 metres (171.6 ft) and it has 22 occupied floors, two of which are basements and 18 serve as office space.

Popular culture[edit]

During the 1972 Summer Olympics BMW branding was removed from the buildings to prevent product placement. BMW badging was also removed from the 2002 sedans, which accompanied Olympic marathon runners during the competition. The branding was removed again for the building's cameo appearance in the 1975 film Rollerball, replaced by large orange circles, meant to stand for the fictional ruling Energy Corporation of the future.

The building also made an appearance in the 1977 horror film Suspiria.

BMW campus[edit]

The BMW Museum is located right next to the tower while BMW Welt, which showcases the current cars of BMW and acts as a distribution centre, opened on the opposite side of the road on 17 October 2007.

Full elevation of the BMW tower and museum 
Viewed from Olympic tower in November 2011 
 

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]