BMW M60

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BMW M60 engine
Overview
Manufacturer BMW
Production 1992–1996
Combustion chamber
Configuration DOHC 90° V8
Chronology
Predecessor BMW OHV V8
Successor BMW M62

The BMW M60 is a V8 DOHC piston engine which was BMW's first V8 in over 25 years and was produced from 1992 to 1996. It was replaced with the M62 engine.

Development[edit]

Development of the V8 engine began in 1984,[1] and the engine was committed to production in 1986. Some 560 test engines were built throughout the development program. The design made extensive use of CAD to minimize size and weight.[citation needed]

Design[edit]

To reduce weight, the engine uses aluminum for both the engine block and cylinder head, and a plastic intake manifold.[1] Nikasil plating is used for the cylinder liners (see below). The sintered connecting rods were made as a single piece and then fractured in order to ensure a closer fit.[2] Total dry weight of the engine is 203 kg (448 lb).[1]

The M60 engine has four valves per cylinder and double overhead camshafts, driven by a dual-row timing chain.[2] Valves had hydraulic lash adjustment to reduce maintenance, and the camshaft chain drive was self-adjusting. There was no distributor, each cylinder having its own ignition coil. Fuel injection and ignition are controlled by the Bosch Motronic 3.3 system.

The M60 was offered in two sizes: the 3.0 L M60B30 and the 4.0 L M60B40. The two had very similar design, but neither block, heads, nor crankshaft were interchangeable.[citation needed]

Models[edit]

Engine Displacement Power Torque Redline Year
M60B30 3.0 L (2,997 cc (183 cu in)) 160 kW (218 PS; 215 hp) @ 5800 290 N·m (214 lb·ft)) @ 4500 6500 1992
M60B40 4.0 L (3,982 cc (243 cu in)) 210 kW (286 PS; 282 hp) @ 5800 400 N·m (295 lb·ft)) @ 4500 6500 1992

M60B30[edit]

The M60B30 has a bore of 84 mm (3.3 in) and a stroke of 67.6 mm (2.7 in),[1] for a displacement of 2,997 cc (183 cu in). Compression ratio is 10.5:1, giving an output of 160 kW (218 PS; 215 hp) at 5800 rpm and 290 N·m (214 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm.[3]

Applications:

M60B40[edit]

The M60B40 has a bore of 89 mm (3.5 in) and a stroke of 80 mm (3.1 in),[2] for a total displacement of 3,982 cc (243 cu in). Compression ratio is 10.0:1,[2] giving 210 kW (286 PS; 282 hp)[4] at 5800 rpm and 400 N·m (295 lb·ft) at 4500 rpm. It had a forged crankshaft.

Applications:

Nikasil damage from high-sulfur fuels[edit]

BMW used Nikasil- an aluminium, nickel, and silicon alloy- to line the cylinders of the M60 engines. In fuels with high sulfur content (such as used fuels sold in the USA, UK and South America), the sulfur damages the Nikasil bore lining, causing the engine to lose compression.[5]

In the USA and UK, sulfur rich fuel is being phased out.[6][7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]