List of BMW engines

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BMW has used the following engines in its vehicles:

Gasoline/petrol piston engines[edit]

For information on BMW Motorrad motorcycle engines, see History of BMW motorcycles.

Straight-three[edit]

  • 2013–present – 1.5 L B38

Straight-four[edit]

  • 1960–1987 – 1.5–2.0 L M10
  • 1986–1991 – 2.0–2.5 L S14
  • 1987–1995 – 1.6/1.8 L M40
  • 1989–1996 – 1.8 L M42
  • 1991–2002 – 1.6/1.8/1.9 L M43
  • 1996–2001 – 1.9 L M44
  • 2001–2004 – 1.6 L N40
  • 2001–2004 – 1.8/2.0 L N42
  • 2004–2007 – 1.8/2.0 L N46
  • 2004–2011 – 1.6/2.0 L N45
  • 2007–2011 – 1.6/2.0 L N43
  • 2011–current – 2.0 L N20
  • 2011–current – 1.6 L N13
  • 2012–current – 2.0 L N26
  • 2013–present – 2.0 L B48

Straight-six[edit]

BMW is famous for its straight six engines, which have powered many of their most popular models.

  • 1933 – 1.2-1.9 L M78
  • 1936 – 2.0-2.1 L M328
  • 1939 – 3.5 L M335
  • 1952 – 2.0-2.1 L M337
  • 1968 – 2.5-3.5 L M30
  • 1977 – 2.0-2.7 L M20
  • 1978 – 3.5 L M88/S38
  • 1980 – 3.2 L M102
  • 1982 – 3.4 L M106
  • 1989 – 2.0-3.0 L M50
  • 1994 – 2.0-2.8 L M52
  • 1995 – 3.0/3.2 L S50
  • 1996 – 3.2 L S52
  • 2000 – 2.2-3.0 L M54
  • 2002 – 2.5 L M56
  • 2002 – 3.2 L S54
  • 2005 – 2.5-3.0 L N52
  • 2006 – 3.0 L N54
  • 2007 – 2.5-3.0 L N53
  • 2009 – 3.0 L N55
  • 2014 – 3.0 L S55

V8[edit]

V10[edit]

  • 2005 - 5.0 L S85

V12[edit]

V16[edit]

Diesel piston engines[edit]

Straight-three[edit]

  • 2012–present – 1.5 L B37

Straight-four[edit]

  • 1994–2000 – 1.7 L M41
  • 1998–2006 – 2.0 L M47
  • 2006–present – 2.0 L N47
  • 2013–present – 2.0 L B47

Straight-six[edit]

  • 1983–1993 – 2.4 L M21
  • 1991–1995 – 2.5 L M51
  • 1998–present – 2.5-3.0 L M57
  • 2008–present – 2.5-3.0 L N57

V8[edit]

  • 1998-2009 – 3.9-4.4 L M67

Aircraft engines[edit]

Inline piston engines
  • 1917–1919 – IIIa, 19.1 L straight-six — first BMW corporate product of any kind
  • 1919, 1925–? – IV, 23.5 L straight-six
  • VI, 38.2 L V12
  • 1926–1937 – VI, 45.8 L V12
  • VIIa supercharged V12
  • 116 (initially XII), 20.7 L V12, never manufactured
  • 116 (initially XV), 36.0 L V12, never manufactured
Radial piston engines
  • X, 2.2 L 5-cylinder
    • Xa, 2.9 L 5-cylinder
  • 1933–? – 132, 27.7 L 9-cylinder, development of Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet built under licence
    • 1935 – 114, prototype development of 132
    • 1935 – BMW-Lanova 114 V-4, supercharged liquid-cooled diesel prototype development of 114
  • 1939–1945 – 801, 41.8 L supercharged 14-cylinder double row
  • 1942 – 802, 53.7 L supercharged 18-cylinder double row, never manufactured
  • 803, 83.5 L supercharged 28-cylinder 4-row liquid-cooled, never manufactured
  • 1936–1944 – Bramo 323, 26.8 L supercharged 9-cylinder, inherited when BMW bought Bramo in 1939
Jet engines
  • 1944–1945 – 003 axial flow turbojet
  • 1997–2000 – BMW Rolls-Royce BR700 family of turbofans; Rolls-Royce plc bought out the venture in 2000.

Petrol engines timeline[edit]


Diesel engines timeline[edit]



Technologies in modern engines[edit]

BMW engines are using technologies such as:

  • Direct injection (called High Precision Injection by BMW). Engines including the N53 (mostly sold in European markets) and the turbocharged N54 and naturally-aspirated N53 (mostly European markets only) used the more costly piezo injectors. However, where "lean burn" cannot be used (such as in North America), less costly solenoid-type injectors are often used- for example in the N54's successor, the N55.[1][2]
  • Turbocharging. BMW uses the name "TwinPower Turbo" to describe both twin-turbo engines and engines using a single twin-scroll turbocharger. The "TwinPower Turbo" moniker initially denoted engines that utilize a twin-scroll turbocharger which was unveiled in 2009[3] (the calendar year, not the model year) with the N55 and N74 being the first engines to use this technology.[4] Nonetheless, BMW has started to apply the TwinPower label retroactively to earlier turbocharged engines that are still in production like the N54 and N63 which have twin turbochargers but do not use twin-scroll technology.[5][6][7] The S63 V8 and N74 V12 engines have two twin-scroll turbochargers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ziegler, Jim (2011-08-01). "BMW's Newest I-6 Better, Not Bigger | News & Analysis content from". WardsAuto. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  2. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "BMW Technology Guide: High Precision Injection". Bmw.com. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  3. ^ "BMW N54 vs N55". Vanguard Performance. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  4. ^ Caption by: Antuan Goodwin (2010-07-21). "TwinPower Turbo - 2011 BMW 535i (photos) - CNET Reviews". Reviews.cnet.com. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  5. ^ Interone Worldwide GmbH (2008-06-17). "BMW 5 Series Sedan: BMW TwinPower Turbo eight-cylinder petrol engine (BMW 550i)". Bmw.com. Retrieved 2012-06-03. 
  6. ^ "2011 BMW 740i Review | Car Owner Reviews". Carsandreview.com. 2011-08-11. Retrieved 2012-10-11. 
  7. ^ "2011 BMW 7 Series - Temecula, CA". CA: Bmwofmurrieta.com. Retrieved 2012-10-11.