Baneins

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Baneins
Town hall
Town hall
Baneins is located in France
Baneins
Baneins
Coordinates: 46°06′38″N 4°54′09″E / 46.1105°N 4.9025°E / 46.1105; 4.9025Coordinates: 46°06′38″N 4°54′09″E / 46.1105°N 4.9025°E / 46.1105; 4.9025
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Ain
Arrondissement Bourg-en-Bresse
Canton Saint-Trivier-sur-Moignans
Intercommunality Chalaronne-centre
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Christine Gonnu
Area
 • Land1 8.91 km2 (3.44 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Population2 583
 • Population2 density 65/km2 (170/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 01028 / 01990
Elevation 207–272 m (679–892 ft)
(avg. 232 m or 761 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baneins is a French commune in the Ain department in the Rhône-Alpes region of eastern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Athaniens or Athaniennes[1]

Geography[edit]

Sign at the entry to the village

Baneins occupies an area of 872 hectares 2 km west of Chatillon-sur-Chalaronne and 4 km north of Saint-Trivier-sur-Moignans with an altitude varying between 215 and 271 metres. It can be accessed by the D17 road coming from Chatillon-sur-Chalarone in the east and continuing south-west to Chaneins. The D66 road comes from Dompierre-sur-Chalaronne in the north, through the village and continuing south to Saint-Trivier-sur-Moignans. The D100 road runs off the D17 in the commune and goes to Peyzieux-sur-Saône to the west. There are two hamlets in the commune: Les Bilons and Les Bages; with almost all the rest of the commune farmland with a small area of forest in the south.

The commune is traversed from south to north by the Moignans river with the Bief Savuel and the Masanand streams joining it in the commune. The Moignans joins the Chalaronne river just north of the commune.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

History[edit]

In the Middle Ages, the parish was known as Athaneins but over the course of time the name Baneins, which was the name of the castle, replaced it. The etymology remains uncertain: the name Baneins is based on the German man's name Bano or Banno and the suffix -eins is very common in the Dombes area and comes from the suffix -ing which is commonly added to many Germanic names.

Baneins was a lordship before becoming Viscounty then a County under Louis XIII. The County became, with Béreins and Dompierre-sur-Chalaronne, the twelfth lordship under the sovereignty of Dombes.

Of the old castle built in the 13th century by Raoul de Baneins, a knight, who gave his name to the village, there remains no trace.

The abandonment of the name of Athaneins for Baneins was probably related to the identification of the locality to the hierarchy of the lords of Baneins.

Administration[edit]

Mayors of Baneins

From To Name Party Position
1959 1977 François Girard
1977 1995 Joanny Didienne
1995 1998[3] Jean Durand
1998 2014 Christine Gonnu[4] PS Member and Vice-President of the General Council

(Not all data is known)

Demography[edit]

In 2010, the commune had 572 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
290 270 108 376 388 369 373 389 435
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
471 550 548 480 490 506 553 527 518
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
474 421 427 445 425 374 393 328 313
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2009
267 284 254 307 377 529 595 606 583
2010 - - - - - - - -
572 - - - - - - - -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Baneins

Economy[edit]

Agricultural activity is predominant in the commune. Livestock farming is still important despite a shift to grain production. The village also has a few small-scale traders (restaurant, body builder, plumber).

Culture and heritage[edit]

War Memorial and stone commemorating the end of the Algerian war

Sites and monuments[edit]

The Deromptey is a small hill west of the village which offers a magnificent view. On a clear day Mont Blanc can be seen.

The Church of St. Martin, in Romanesque style, has an apse and a portal from the 12th century. The bell tower was located above the bay of the choir but was destroyed in the French Revolution and rebuilt over the entrance. The tympanum was carved in the 19th century in honour of the patron saint of the area and is Saint Martin on horseback, dividing his cloak with a beggar kneeling and relying on a crutch.

Church of Saint Martin Gallery

The public laundry, built in 1912.

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

  • Donat Bollet (1851-1923), physician and politician, MP and senator for Ain, also Mayor of Trévoux, was born in the commune.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Tourist and Archaeological riches of the Canton of Saint-Trivier-sur-Moignans, collective work, published in 2000. (French)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Ain (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ Deceased in office on 22 May 1998
  4. ^ List of mayors of Ain as at 16 April 2008 on the website of the prefecture of Ain (French)