Bar-Ilan University

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Bar-Ilan University
אוניברסיטת בר-אילן
Bar Ilan seal.svg
Motto Tradition of Excellence
Established 1955
Type Public
President Daniel Hershkowitz
Rector Haim Taitelbaum
Principal Menachem Greenblum
Vice-Presidents Benjamin Ehrenberg
Judith Haimoff
Admin. staff 1,250
Students 26,367
Undergraduates 17,345‏‏
Postgraduates 6,806
Doctoral students 1,852‏
Location Ramat Gan, Israel
Campus Urban
Website www.biu.ac.il
Bar Ilan logo2.svg
Campus of Bar Ilan University

Bar-Ilan University (BIU; Hebrew: אוניברסיטת בר-אילןUniversitat Bar-Ilan) is a university in Ramat Gan of the Tel Aviv District, Israel.

Established in 1955, Bar Ilan is now Israel's second-largest academic institution. It has nearly 26,800 students (including 9,000 students in its affiliated regional colleges) and 1,350 faculty members. Bar-Ilan University has eight faculties: Exact Sciences, Life Sciences, Social Sciences, Humanities, Jewish Studies, Medicine, Engineering, and Law. There are also interdisciplinary studies.

The University aims to forge closer links between Torah and universal studies, "to blend tradition with modern technologies and scholarship, and teach the compelling ethics of Jewish heritage to all... to synthesize the ancient and modern, the sacred and the material, the spiritual and the scientific."[1]

History[edit]

First Bar Ilan graduation, 1959

Bar-Ilan University has Jewish-American roots: it was conceived in Atlanta in a meeting of the American Mizrahi organization in 1950, and was founded by Prof. Pinkhos Churgin, an American rabbi and educator. When it was opened in 1955, it was described by The New York Times "as Cultural Link Between the [Israeli] Republic and America".[2] The university was named for Rabbi Meir Bar-Ilan (originally Meir Berlin), a Religious Zionist leader who served as the inspiration for its establishment. Although he was trained in Orthodox seminaries in Berlin, he believed there was a need for an institution providing a dual curriculum of secular academic studies and religious Torah studies.

The founders of the university hoped to produce alumni committed to Jewish tradition, Zionist ideology and science. In 1965, the professors and lecturers were all religious Jews, as were the majority of students. Yosef Burg, one of the prominent leaders of the religious Zionist movement warned that admission of too many non-religious into the university could undermine its character: "If you spill too much water into a wine bottle, you will have no wine." Today, the student population includes secular and non-Jewish students, including Arabs. In the past, all Jewish male students were required to cover their heads, but this is no longer the case. Seven courses in Jewish studies are required for graduation. In hiring senior academic staff, the university gives preference to religious Jews, although the faculty includes many secular members.

Bar-Ilan operates a kollel for men and a midrasha for women. The kollel offers traditional yeshiva studies with an emphasis on Talmud, while the midrasha offers courses in Torah and Jewish philosophy. These programs are open to all students free of charge.

Yitzhak Rabin's convicted assassin, Yigal Amir, was a student of law at Bar-Ilan, prompting charges that the university had become a hotbed of political extremism. One of the steps taken by the university following the assassination was to encourage dialogue between left and right-wing students.[3][4]

Under previous university president Moshe Kaveh, Bar-Ilan underwent a major expansion, with new buildings added on the northern side of the campus. New science programs have been introduced, including an interdisciplinary brain research center [5] and a center for nanotechnology.[6] The university has placed archaeology as one of its priorities, and this includes excavations such as the Tell es-Safi/Gath archaeological excavations[7] and the recently opened Bar-Ilan University/Weizmann Institute of Science joint program in Archaeological Sciences.[8]

Bar-Ilan's Faculty of Law made headlines in 2008 by achieving the highest average Israeli Bar Exam grade of 81.9 by its graduates.[9]

Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center at Bar-Ilan University
Jacaranda Tree at Bar-Ilan University

Special programs[edit]

Bar-Ilan offers an International B.A. Program,[10] taught entirely in English, and is the first university in Israel to offer a full undergraduate program taught entirely in English. Currently students can choose between a B.A. degree in Interdisciplinary Social Sciences,[11] where students can choose between Macro Track in Economics, Political Sciences, and Sociology,[12] or the Micro Track in Criminology, Psychology, and Sociology,[12] or a Major in Communications,[13] with a minor in either English Literature or Political Science. The degrees are internationally recognized and is open to students from all over the world.[14]

In addition, Bar-Ilan offers a preparatory program that readies new immigrants for Israeli colleges. The university also runs a one-year overseas program called Tochnit Torah Im Derech Eretz, which combines traditional Kollel Torah studies in the morning, separate for men and women, as well as co-ed general university studies and Jewish history classes in the afternoon. Many American students enrolled in regular programs of study in the University also take these Jewish history classes to fulfill their Jewish studies requirements.

Awards and recognition[edit]

Bar-Ilan's on-line responsa project was awarded the Israel Prize in 2007.[15] The university's Bible project, in danger of being eliminated by continued budget cuts, was saved at the last minute by an anonymous donor.[16]

Bar-Ilan University, in its capacity as a business school, was placed as the 4th best business school in Africa and the Middle East in the 2010 QS Global 200 Business Schools Report.[17]

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bar-Ilan Mission". Biu.ac.il. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ "Bar-Ilan University". Biu.ac.il. May 10, 1955. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  3. ^ Wagner, Matthew. "Bar-Ilan again forced to deal with the extremists in its midst". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  4. ^ Kalman, Matthew. "A Bitter Return to Politics at Israel's Bar-Ilan U.". Chronicle of Higher Education. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  5. ^ "Gonda Multidisciplinary Brain Research Center, Bar Ilan University". Biu.ac.il. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Center for Advanced Materials and Nanotechnology. Bar-Ilan University". Nanocenter.biu.ac.il. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  7. ^ "The Tell es-Safi/Gath Archaeological Project". Dig-gath.org. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  8. ^ [1][dead link]
  9. ^ "Results of the Bar Exam 5.5.08 (Hebrew)" (PDF). Israelbar.org.il. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  10. ^ "International B.A. Programs: Bar-Ilan University | Israel's premier university for Olim and Overseas students!International B.A. Programs: Bar-Ilan University | Israel's premier university for Olim and Overseas students!". Biuinternational.com. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  11. ^ "Interdisciplinary Social Sciences - BIU InternationalInternational B.A. Programs: Bar-Ilan University". Biuinternational.com. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  12. ^ a b "Academic Tracks in the Social Sciences - BIU InternationalInternational B.A. Programs: Bar-Ilan University". Biuinternational.com. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  13. ^ "International B.A. Program in Communication - BIU InternationalInternational B.A. Programs: Bar-Ilan University". Biuinternational.com. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  14. ^ "Bar-Ilan University". BIU. Retrieved 2013-10-30. 
  15. ^ "The Bar Ilan Responsa Project (Global Jewish Database)". Digento.de. November 18, 2002. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  16. ^ Ilani, Ofri (April 2, 2008). "Bar-Ilan University Bible project". Haaretz.com. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  17. ^ "Top Business Schools". TopMBA.com. Retrieved September 29, 2011. 
  18. ^ [2][dead link]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°4′4″N 34°50′33″E / 32.06778°N 34.84250°E / 32.06778; 34.84250