Jewish Virtual Library
|Slogan||"Everything you need to know, from Antisemitism to Zionism"|
|Type of site||Reference encyclopedia|
|Owner||American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise|
|Alexa rank||42,378 (March 2014[update])|
Jewish Virtual Library (JVL) is an online encyclopedia published by the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise (AICE). Established in 1993, it is a comprehensive website covering topics about US-Israel relations, Israel, the Jewish people and Jewish culture.
The AICE is a non-profit 501(c)(3) organization established "to strengthen the U.S.-Israel relationship by emphasizing the fundamentals of the alliance". The organization's Executive Director is foreign policy analyst and author Mitchell G. Bard, former editor of the Near East Report, the weekly newsletter published by the American Israel Public Affairs Committee.
The JVL website was originally created in the late 1990s under the name The Jewish Student Online Research Center (JSOURCE). The JVL is a member of the Israel on Campus Coalition, which has described itself as "the central coordinating and strategic body to address campus issues and intelligently impact a pro-active, pro-Israel agenda on campus."
According to the JVL website, the Library covers material that cannot be found anywhere else in the world, such as information about joint U.S.-Israel projects, and the treatment of Americans during the Holocaust. It explains that it received permission to use materials from the Library of Congress, from the American Jewish Historical Society, the Anti-Defamation League, the Simon Wiesenthal Center, the Israeli Foreign Ministry, and Prime Minister’s Office, Rabbi Joseph Telushkin (author of Jewish Literacy), and dozens of other sources.
It includes more than 60,000 articles and nearly 10,000 photographs and maps related to Jewish history, Israel, Israel–United States relations, the Holocaust, antisemitism, and Judaism. The website also includes the complete text of the Tanakh and most of the Babylonian Talmud.
The Jewish Virtual Library also contains the pro-Israel advocacy text "Myths and Facts", edited by Mitchell Bard. It is available on the site in several languages. The JVL also contains many articles and studies conducted by AICE, principally involving American-Israeli cooperation. It also has information about Israel education in America, including information about Israel Studies and course materials on Israel-related subjects. The JVL often uses history books, scientific studies, various encyclopedias, maps and different articles as sources for citation.
The Jewish Virtual Library reported 9.6 million visits in 2012.
A PBS web page for the film The Jewish Americans lists the JVL as a resource "For Statistics and Analysis About Jews in America Today", with the description, "A division of the American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise, the Jewish Virtual Library is a comprehensive online Jewish encyclopedia, covering everything from anti-Semitism to Zionism. More than 13,000 articles and 6,000 photographs and maps have been integrated into the site. Their Vital Statistics section has an exhaustive list of current statistics and comparative data."
The Jewish Virtual Library has been cited by CNN, New York Times, BBC, CBS News, Fox News, The Los Angeles Times, USA Today, Business Week, and Bloomberg, among others. It is listed as reference by academic libraries at Pennsylvania State University, Michigan State University, University of Washington, King's College, London, and the University of Delaware.
JVL states that it has received awards from Britannica Internet Guide Selection, USA Today Hot Site, and the Best of the Jewish Web from the Jewish Agency for Israel, the Academic Excellence Award from Study Web and others.
John Jaeger, in an article published by the Association of College and Research Libraries, said of the Jewish Virtual Library: "This library, once it is entered, is more like a living encyclopedia than it is anything else. One has options to click on, such as history, women, biography, politics, Israel, maps, and Judaic Treasures at the Library of Congress, with each launching a person into a different realm. The site is extremely well put together." Karen Evans of Indiana State University wrote that the site is comprehensive, with "easily accessible, balanced information".
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- About our Director: Mitchell G. Bard. American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise/Jewish Virtual Library, retrieved April 2, 2011
- Bard, Mitchell (June 15, 2001). "Empty slogans don’t help Israel – The Wisconsin Jewish Chronicle". Jewishchronicle.org. Retrieved April 2, 2012.
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- Jewish Virtual Library
- "For Statistics and Analysis About Jews in America Today". PBS. Retrieved April 2, 2012. Provided as a resource on the web page the PBS film, The Jewish Americans.
- "Sources: Sharon taps new defense minister". CNN. October 31, 2002. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- Kirkpatrick, David D. "Benjamin Netanyahu News – The New York Times". Topics.nytimes.com. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- Roberts, Sophie (January 2005). "To be Jewish is to question". BBC.
- Montopoli, Brian (December 11, 2009). "White House Hanukkah Party Spawns Anger". CBS News. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- FRANK CARNEVALE (21 January 2010). "What is a Tefillin?". Fox News (archive). Retrieved 7 December 2013.
- "Commentary; Wiesenthal Appeal for Funds Descends Into Exaggeration and Divisiveness". November 9, 2003. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
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- Waters, Rob (March 4, 2008). "For European Jews, Living to 100 Is Partly a Tale of Two Genes". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Holocaust and Jewish Studies". Libraries.psu.edu. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "Middle East History Web Sites, University of Washington Libraries". Lib.washington.edu. January 13, 2010. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "Database List, King's College London". Metalib.kcl.ac.uk. August 20, 1996. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- "Awards page at Jewish Virtual Library". Jewishvirtuallibrary.org. Retrieved June 4, 2010.
- Jaeger, John. "Association of College and Research Libraries "World religions on the Web: A guide to some of the most helpful sites"". C&RL News June 2002 Vol. 63 No. 6. (archived). Retrieved 25 January 2014.
- Karen Evans, Jewish Virtual Library at the Internet Reviews Archive, College and Research Libraries News, a division of the American Library Association at Bowdoin College, Oct 2002 )