Barnsdall, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Barnsdall, Oklahoma
City
Nickname(s): Bigheart
Location of Barnsdall, Oklahoma
Location of Barnsdall, Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°33′34″N 96°9′40″W / 36.55944°N 96.16111°W / 36.55944; -96.16111Coordinates: 36°33′34″N 96°9′40″W / 36.55944°N 96.16111°W / 36.55944; -96.16111
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Osage
Government
 • Mayor J.D. Cole
Area
 • Total 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Land 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 741 ft (226 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,243
 • Density 2,195.3/sq mi (847.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 74002
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-04250[1]
GNIS feature ID 1089868[2]

Barnsdall is a city in Osage County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 1,243 at the 2010 census, a decline of 6.2 percent from 1,325 at the 2000 census.[3]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1905 and originally named Bigheart, for the Osage Chief James Bigheart. It was initially a 160-acre site along the Midland Valley Railroad in March, 1905. The railroad opened Bigheart Station in September, 1905 and the Bigheart Post Office opened in January, 1906. Bigheart was exempted from the Osage allotment, so lots could be sold to anyone. Lots were auctioned in May, 1906. The first newspaper, the Bigheart Star, first appeared in 1906.[4]

Joshua Cosden built the Southwest Refining Company oil refinery in 1910. He sold it to an undisclosed buyer in 1917, Theodore Newton Barnsdall, owner of the Barnsdall Oil Company, bought the refinery in 1921. Barnsdall had discovered the nearby Bigheart (later Barnsdall) oilfield in 1916. The town was renamed on January 1, 1922 in honor of Mr. Barnsdall.[4]

The town of Barnsdall experienced a tornado in April 1911, a major fire in March 1913 and a flood in September 1915. Despite these calamities, the population increased from 307 in 1910 to 2,099 in 1920.[4] That proved to be the high point of population in the town.

Barnsdall Refining Company renamed itself Bareco Oil Company in 1940. It ceased refining oil in 1946 and began producing microcrystalline waxes in 1946. Petrolite Corporation (now part of Baker Hughes Inc.) bought Bareco and has continued to operate the plant.[4]

Barnsdall has been confirmed as a sundown town,[5][6] having effectively prevented African Americans from moving in through the display of a sign warning them to leave town by sunset and the racist behavior of individuals.

Geography[edit]

Barnsdall is located at 36°33′34″N 96°09′40″W / 36.559344°N 96.161062°W / 36.559344; -96.161062.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2), all of it land.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Barnsdall, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F (°C) 46.7
(8.2)
52.5
(11.4)
63.1
(17.3)
74.1
(23.4)
80.5
(26.9)
88.3
(31.3)
94.5
(34.7)
93.8
(34.3)
85.2
(29.6)
75.0
(23.9)
61.2
(16.2)
49.7
(9.8)
72.1
(22.3)
Average low °F (°C) 22.5
(−5.3)
27.4
(−2.6)
37.0
(2.8)
48.1
(8.9)
56.5
(13.6)
65.2
(18.4)
69.8
(21)
67.6
(19.8)
60.3
(15.7)
48.0
(8.9)
37.0
(2.8)
26.4
(−3.1)
47.2
(8.4)
Precipitation inches (mm) 1.4
(36)
1.9
(48)
3.7
(94)
3.3
(84)
4.8
(122)
4.7
(119)
2.9
(74)
3.5
(89)
5.6
(142)
3.2
(81)
3.0
(76)
1.9
(48)
39.9
(1,013)
Source: Weatherbase.com [8]

Events[edit]

Barnsdall's annual Bigheart Day is held Memorial Day Weekend.

The Saturday before memorial day is centered around a parade and other events.

Bigheart Day hosts the following events:

  • Fishing Tournament at Lake Waxhoma. Ages 4–12.
  • Frog Race and Turtle Race after the fishing tournament.
  • Carnival; depends on the city budget.
  • Tricycle races.
  • Live music. Bands that have played, Celestial Impulse(disbanded),Accusing of the Believing(disbanded),and Pake Mackentire
  • Street vendors.
  • Parade at noon.
  • Alumni panther football game.
  • Street dance; usually 7pm - Midnight.
  • Alumni Basketball game.

Barnsdall also hosts an annual Christmas Parade.

Demographics[edit]

Bank of Bigheart building in Barnsdall

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 1,325 people, 542 households, and 357 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,195.3 people per square mile (852.6/km2). There were 630 housing units at an average density of 1,043.8 per square mile (405.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 74.26% White, 15.62% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.23% from other races, and 9.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.81% of the population.

There were 542 households out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 31.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.5% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 24.6% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 85.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $25,598, and the median income for a family was $34,934. Males had a median income of $31,731 versus $18,472 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,435. About 8.0% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 15.9% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

Singer Anita Bryant was born in Barnsdall. Bryant was also Miss America runner-up. Movie Star Clark Gable, famous for his role in "Gone With the Wind", came to Barnsdall with his father for a short while when the town was in the oil business. The native stone shotgun house where he resided on West Walnut Street still stands. Clark was also noted to sing in a quartet while he lived in Bigheart (Barnsdall).

Barnsdall has two properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places; the Bank of Bigheart and the Barnsdall Main Street Well Site, an oil well in the middle of Main Street.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ MuniNet Guide: Barnsdall, Oklahoma
  4. ^ a b c d May, Jon D. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Barnsdall.[1]
  5. ^ [2]
  6. ^ Loewen, James W. Sundown Towns: A Hidden Dimension of American Racism. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2005. Print.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "Historical Weather for Barnsdall, Oklahoma, United States". 

External links[edit]