Sapulpa, Oklahoma

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Sapulpa, Oklahoma
City
Downtown Sapulpa in 2011
Downtown Sapulpa in 2011
Motto: "Oklahoma's Most Connected City"
Location within Creek County and Oklahoma
Location within Creek County and Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°0′13″N 96°6′17″W / 36.00361°N 96.10472°W / 36.00361; -96.10472Coordinates: 36°0′13″N 96°6′17″W / 36.00361°N 96.10472°W / 36.00361; -96.10472
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Creek, Tulsa[1]
Area
 • Total 24.4 sq mi (56.3 km2)
 • Land 24.3 sq mi (56.3 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation 715 ft (218 m)
Population (2011)
 • Total 20,691
 • Density 844.3/sq mi (197.1/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 74066-74067
Area code(s) 539/918
FIPS code 40-65400[2]
GNIS feature ID 1097835[3]
Website cityofsapulpa.net

Sapulpa is a city in Creek and Tulsa counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 20,544 at the 2010 United States census, compared to 19,166 at the 2000 census.[4] It is the county seat of Creek County.[5]

History[edit]

Early history[edit]

The town was named after Chief James Sapulpa,[6] the area's first permanent settler, who was a full-blood Lower Creek Indian of the Kasihta Tribe from Osocheetown, Alabama. In about 1850, he established a trading post near the meeting of Polecat and Rock creeks (about one mile (1.6 km) southeast of present-day downtown Sapulpa). When the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad (later known as the Frisco railroad) built a spur to this area in 1886, it was known as Sapulpa Station. Sapulpa post office was chartered July 1, 1889. The town was incorporated March 31, 1898.[7][8]

Controversy over Creek County Seat location[edit]

After Oklahoma became a state, each county held an election to determine the location of the county seat. Sapulpa competed with Bristow, Oklahoma for county seat of Creek County. After five years of contested elections and court suits, the question was settled by the Oklahoma Supreme Court on August 1, 1913. Sapulpa was ruled the winner. The county courthouse was completed in 1914, replacing an earlier structure built in 1902.[6]

Economic development[edit]

The area around Sapulpa mainly produced walnuts when the town was founded. In 1898, the Sapulpa Pressed Brick was established, followed in a few years by the Sapulpa Brick Company. This began the clay products industry. The Frisco built a railyard in Sapulpa and by 1900 designated Sapulpa as the location of an overhaul base for its rolling stock.[6] The founding of Premium Glass Company in 1912 marked Sapulpa's entry to glass manufacturing. Premium Glass was absorbed into Liberty Glass Company in 1918. Other glass producers in the city were Bartlett-Collins Glass Company, Schram Glass Company, and Sunflower Glass Company. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History, Sapulpa became known as "The Crystal City of the Southwest."[9] Sapulpa is also the home of Frankoma Pottery.

Geography[edit]

Sapulpa is located at 36°0′13″N 96°6′17″W / 36.00361°N 96.10472°W / 36.00361; -96.10472 (36.003536, -96.104822).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48 km2), of which, 18.6 square miles (48 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.11%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 891
1910 8,283 829.6%
1920 11,634 40.5%
1930 10,533 −9.5%
1940 12,249 16.3%
1950 13,031 6.4%
1960 14,282 9.6%
1970 15,159 6.1%
1980 15,853 4.6%
1990 18,074 14.0%
2000 19,166 6.0%
2010 20,544 7.2%
Est. 2012 20,793 1.2%
Sources:[2][11][12][13]

As of the 2010 census, there were 20,544 people, 8,015 households, and 5,497 families residing in the city. The population density was 844.3 people per square mile. There were 8,903 housing units at an average density of 435.4 per square mile (168.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 3.0% African American, 10.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.[14]

There were 7,430 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $40,372 and the median income for a family was $52,639. Males had a median income of $30,524 versus $21,609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,275. About 11.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.[15]

Culture and education[edit]

In 2013, the Sapulpa Creek Community Center graduated a class of 14 from its Muscogee Creek language class.[16]

Newspaper controversy[edit]

The Sapulpa Daily Herald gained national media attention in early November 2008 for not reporting the election of Barack Obama as President, reporting only that John McCain had won among the voters of Creek County. Critics charged that the omission related to racism, as Obama's victory as the first African American elected president was an historic event. The newspaper maintains that it only covers local news events. The newspaper had covered every single Presidential victory prior to the Obama victory.[17]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Zoning Index
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ MuniNet Guide: Sapulpa, Oklahoma
  5. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  6. ^ a b c Hubbard, James W. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Sapulpa."[1]
  7. ^ Sapulpa Historical Society. "Area History."
  8. ^ City of Sapulpa, "Connect to Sapulpa's Heritage."
  9. ^ Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Glass Manufacturing." Retrieved September 1, 2011.[2]
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  12. ^ "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013. 
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013. 
  14. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_DP_DPDP1&prodType=table
  15. ^ http://factfinder2.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_10_5YR_DP03&prodType=table
  16. ^ Brock, John (2013-08-17). "Creek language class graduates 14". Sapulpa Herald Online (Sapulpa, Oklahoma). Retrieved 2013-08-23. 
  17. ^ CNN Story
  18. ^ "Dan Douglas' Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved January 7, 2013. 
  19. ^ History & Encyclopedia Of Country, Western, & Gospel Music, composers, artists & songs
  20. ^ [3]
  21. ^ Art Cox, "Max Meyer and Sapulpa was a good fit", Sapulpa Herald, Nov 8-9, 1997, pp. 1-2, on "Tidbits of Creek County, Oklahoma Genealogy", Rootsweb.com
  22. ^ Baseball-Reference
  23. ^ [4]
  24. ^ Eugene Bavinger at Askart.com

External links[edit]

  • City of Sapulpa
  • Jackson, Pauline P. "The Sapulpa and Bristow County Seat Contest." Accessed August 31, 2011 [5]