Downtown Sapulpa in 2011
|Motto: "Oklahoma's Most Connected City"|
Location within Creek County and Oklahoma
|• Total||24.4 sq mi (56.3 km2)|
|• Land||24.3 sq mi (56.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.1 km2)|
|Elevation||715 ft (218 m)|
|• Density||844.3/sq mi (197.1/km2)|
|Time zone||Central (CST) (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|GNIS feature ID||1097835|
Sapulpa is a city in Creek and Tulsa counties in the U.S. state of Oklahoma. The population was 20,544 at the 2010 United States census, compared to 19,166 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Creek County.
The town was named after Chief James Sapulpa, the area's first permanent settler, who was a full-blood Lower Creek Indian of the Kasihta Tribe from Osocheetown, Alabama. In about 1850, he established a trading post near the meeting of Polecat and Rock creeks (about one mile (1.6 km) southeast of present-day downtown Sapulpa). When the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad (later known as the Frisco railroad) built a spur to this area in 1886, it was known as Sapulpa Station. Sapulpa post office was chartered July 1, 1889. The town was incorporated March 31, 1898.
Controversy over Creek County Seat location
After Oklahoma became a state, each county held an election to determine the location of the county seat. Sapulpa competed with Bristow, Oklahoma for county seat of Creek County. After five years of contested elections and court suits, the question was settled by the Oklahoma Supreme Court on August 1, 1913. Sapulpa was ruled the winner. The county courthouse was completed in 1914, replacing an earlier structure built in 1902.
The area around Sapulpa mainly produced walnuts when the town was founded. In 1898, the Sapulpa Pressed Brick was established, followed in a few years by the Sapulpa Brick Company. This began the clay products industry. The Frisco built a railyard in Sapulpa and by 1900 designated Sapulpa as the location of an overhaul base for its rolling stock. The founding of Premium Glass Company in 1912 marked Sapulpa's entry to glass manufacturing. Premium Glass was absorbed into Liberty Glass Company in 1918. Other glass producers in the city were Bartlett-Collins Glass Company, Schram Glass Company, and Sunflower Glass Company. According to the Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History, Sapulpa became known as "The Crystal City of the Southwest." Sapulpa is also the home of Frankoma Pottery.
Sapulpa is located at . According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.7 square miles (48 km2), of which, 18.6 square miles (48 km2) of it is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) of it (0.11%) is water.(36.003536, -96.104822)
As of the 2010 census, there were 20,544 people, 8,015 households, and 5,497 families residing in the city. The population density was 844.3 people per square mile. There were 8,903 housing units at an average density of 435.4 per square mile (168.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 77.5% White, 3.0% African American, 10.9% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 1.5% from other races, and 6.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.1% of the population.
There were 7,430 households out of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.8% were married couples living together, 12.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.9% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.54 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 27.5% from 25 to 44, 23.7% from 45 to 64, and 14.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $40,372 and the median income for a family was $52,639. Males had a median income of $30,524 versus $21,609 for females. The per capita income for the city was $22,275. About 11.5% of families and 16.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.2% of those under age 18 and 17.4% of those age 65 or over.
Culture and education
The Sapulpa Daily Herald gained national media attention in early November 2008 for not reporting the election of Barack Obama as President, reporting only that John McCain had won among the voters of Creek County. Critics charged that the omission related to racism, as Obama's victory as the first African American elected president was an historic event. The newspaper maintains that it only covers local news events. The newspaper had covered every single Presidential victory prior to the Obama victory.
- Bob Ballinger, Republican member of the Arkansas House of Representatives taught history in Sapulpa from 1999 to 2002
- The Collins Kids, musicians, Lorrie and Larry Collins, resided near Sapulpa in the early 1950s.
- Regina Holliday, art teacher, artist, muralist, and patient rights advocate graduated from Sapulpa High School. 
- Max Meyer, an immigrant to the United States and settler in Sapulpa in 1906, was subject of the biography Preposterous Papa (reprint 1992 in paperback) by his son Lewis Meyer. Meyer was a merchant and philanthropist, who built public projects from profits from the more than 50 oil wells he developed.
- George William Miller (b. March 9, 1925 – d. March 17, 2006) was born in Sapulpa. He served as the 65th United States Secretary of the Treasury under President Carter from August 6, 1979 to January 20, 1981. He previously served as the 11th Chairman of the Federal Reserve, where he began service on March 8, 1978.
- Don Wallace, former Major League Baseball player (who played for the Los Angeles Angels in the 1960s) was born in Sapulpa.
- Shara Worden, the lead singer and songwriter for My Brightest Diamond, grew up in Sapulpa. She was previously a backup vocalist for Sufjan Stevens and the frontwoman of Awry.
- Eugene Bavinger (b. 1919, Sapulpa) is an abstract expressionist painter.
- Zoning Index
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- MuniNet Guide: Sapulpa, Oklahoma
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Hubbard, James W. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Sapulpa."
- Sapulpa Historical Society. "Area History."
- City of Sapulpa, "Connect to Sapulpa's Heritage."
- Everett, Dianna. Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. "Glass Manufacturing." Retrieved September 1, 2011.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma". 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 22 November 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- Brock, John (2013-08-17). "Creek language class graduates 14". Sapulpa Herald Online (Sapulpa, Oklahoma). Retrieved 2013-08-23.
- CNN Story
- "Dan Douglas' Biography". votesmart.org. Retrieved January 7, 2013.
- History & Encyclopedia Of Country, Western, & Gospel Music, composers, artists & songs
- Art Cox, "Max Meyer and Sapulpa was a good fit", Sapulpa Herald, Nov 8-9, 1997, pp. 1-2, on "Tidbits of Creek County, Oklahoma Genealogy", Rootsweb.com
- Eugene Bavinger at Askart.com
- City of Sapulpa
- Jackson, Pauline P. "The Sapulpa and Bristow County Seat Contest." Accessed August 31, 2011