Birkirkara

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Birkirkara
B'Kara, Birchircara,
San Ġwann tal-Għorgħar
Local council
Il-Kunsill Lokali ta' Birkirkara
Birkirkara residential area
Birkirkara residential area
Flag of Birkirkara
Flag
Coat of arms of Birkirkara
Coat of arms
Motto: In hoc signo vinces
Birkirkara-map.svg
Coordinates: 35°53′48″N 14°27′45″E / 35.89667°N 14.46250°E / 35.89667; 14.46250Coordinates: 35°53′48″N 14°27′45″E / 35.89667°N 14.46250°E / 35.89667; 14.46250
Country  Malta
Island Malta
Borders Balzan, Iklin, Lija, Msida, San Ġwann, Santa Venera, Qormi
Government
 • Mayor Debono Grech Joan k/a Joanne (PL)
Area
 • Total 2.7 km2 (1.0 sq mi)
Elevation 40 m (130 ft)
Population (March 2013)
 • Total 22,319
 • Density 8,300/km2 (21,000/sq mi)
Demonym Karkariż (m), Karkariża (f), Karkariżi (pl)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code BKR
Dialing code 356
Patron saint St. Helen; St. Mary; St. Joseph the Worker; Our Lady of Mount Carmel; St. Anthony of Padova
Day of festa St. Helen August 18 (or first Sunday after date); Sunday after 15 August; May 1; First Sunday of July; First Sunday of June
Website Official website

Birkirkara or B'Kara (Italian: Birchircara) is a city in central Malta. It is the most populated town on the island, with 22,319 inhabitants as of March 2013.[1] The city consists of four autonomous parishes: St Helen, St Joseph, Our Lady of Mount Carmel and St Mary. It also houses one of the most famous colleges in Malta, St Aloysius' College. Birkirkara is the home town of Ex-President Edward Fenech Adami and former Opposition Leader Alfred Sant and also the birthplace of the first president of Malta Anthony Mamo. The city's motto is "In hoc signo vinces", and its coat of arms is a plain red cross, surmounted by a crown.

Description[edit]

There are many places of interest in Birkirkara, amongst them the Old Railway Station which is today located within a public garden.

The Bikirkara Old Railway Station

Trains were used as means of transportation across the island until the Railway's closure happened in 1931. Other town features include the aqueducts built by Grandmaster Wignacourt in the 17th Century and St Helen's basilica, housing Malta's largest church bell. Birkirkara is one of Malta's oldest towns and received mention in the 1436 Ecclesiastical Report mentioning the then existing parishes in Malta and Gozo, from which Birkirkara emerged as the largest parish. Various parishes and suburbs developed out of Birkirkara over the years, including Sliema, St. Julian's, Msida, Hamrun in the 19th century and Santa Venera in the early 20th century. In more recent years, San Gwann (1965) and the hamlet of Ta' l-Ibraġ hived off Birkirkara to form part of the new parish and locality of Swieqi in 1993.

Birkirkara's main religious feast is that of St Helen which is celebrated on 18 August if it falls on a Sunday, or on the first Sunday after that date. The main event of the celebration is a procession with a large wooden statue carved by the Maltese master-sculptor Salvu Psaila. Notably, this is the only procession (with a titular statue) on the island carried out in the morning. The procession leaves the basilica at exactly 8:00 a.m. and returns to it at 10:45 a.m. The statue is lifted to shoulder-height by a group of townsmen and is carried through the main streets of the town.

Birkirkara has grown into an important commercial centre as well as a densely populated residential area.

Climate[edit]

In Birkirkara, the temperature varies from 10.3 to 30.7 °C (50.5 to 87.3 °F) during a year.[2]

Birkirkara[2]
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
225
 
15
10
 
 
150
 
15
10
 
 
100
 
17
12
 
 
80
 
19
13
 
 
50
 
23
16
 
 
0
 
27
20
 
 
0
 
29
22
 
 
15
 
31
24
 
 
80
 
28
22
 
 
200
 
25
19
 
 
170
 
20
15
 
 
200
 
17
12
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm

Birkirkara Local Council[edit]

The current Birkirkara local council members are:

  • Debono Grech Joan k/a Joanne (Mayor, PL)
  • Fenech Adami Michael (PN)
  • Borg Rita (PL)
  • Buhagiar Kaylocke (PL)
  • Gauci Liam (PL)
  • Cardona Gatt Josianne (PN)
  • Abdilla Mark George (PN)
  • Buttigieg Anthony (PL)
  • Calleja John Mary (PL)
  • Conti Herbert (PL)
  • Mizzi John (PN)
  • Zammit Marie Claire (PN)
  • John Borg (PN)

Birkirkara Community Service[edit]

  • Our Lady of Mount Carmel Parish Church, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road), Fleur-de-Lys
  • Our Lady, Mother of the Church Parish Church, Triq il-Graffiti Navali, Swatar
  • St. Joseph the Worker Parish Church, Triq il-Bwieraq (Bwieraq Street)
  • St. Helen's Parish Church, Triq is-Santwarju (Sanctuary Street)
  • St. Mary's Parish Church, Triq il-Knisja l-Qadima (Old Church Street)
  • Our Lady of Victory Parish Church, Triq il-Vitorja (Victory Street)
  • Birkirkara Local Council, Triq Tumas Fenech (Thomas Fenech Street)
  • Birkirkara District Police Station, Triq il-Kbira (Main Street)
  • Birkirkara Malta Labour Party Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road)
  • Birkirkara Partit Nazzjonalista Club, Triq Fleur-de-Lys (Fleur-de-Lys Road)
  • Birkirkara Branch Post Office, Triq il-Wied (Valley Road)
    • Birkirkara Sub-Post Offices at: Triq Mannarino (Mannarino Road); Triq Tumas Fenech (Thomas Fenech Street); and Triq L. Casolani (L. Casolani Street)
  • Da Vinci Hospital, Triq Kan. K. Pirotta (Can. K. Pirotta Street)
  • Birkirkara Health Centre, Triq Tumas Fenech
  • Birkirkara Regional Library, Triq Tumas Fenech

Zones in Birkirkara[edit]

Sport[edit]

Birkirkara is known for its football club, Birkirkara F.C. and its multi-sports club Birkirkara St. Joseph Sports Club

References[edit]

  1. ^ Estimated Population by Locality 31st March, 2013. Malta Government Gazette 19,094. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Birkirkara climate and weather". world 66. world66.com. 10 June 2013. 

External links[edit]