Birmingham Union workhouse

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Birmingham Union workhouse
Birmingham Workhouse 02 CROP.JPG
The surviving building in September 2013
General information
Type Workhouse
Location City Hospital
Town or city Birmingham
Country England
Coordinates 52°29′19″N 1°55′46″W / 52.4886°N 1.9294°W / 52.4886; -1.9294Coordinates: 52°29′19″N 1°55′46″W / 52.4886°N 1.9294°W / 52.4886; -1.9294
Design and construction
Architect John Jones Bateman and G Drury

The Birmingham Union workhouse was a workhouse on Western Road in Birmingham, England.[1] It was built between 1850 and 1852 under the Poor Law Amendment Act of 1834, to designs by John Jones Bateman and G Drury.[1] The main entrance building, though derelict, is still extant. Its arched entrance was known as "the arch of tears".[2] The remainder of the workhouse was demolished in the early 1990s.[1]

In 1889 a hospital was built as an extension to the workhouse.[1] This still exists, much developed, as City Hospital.[1]

Despite its age and social significance, calls by the Victorian Society and Birmingham Conservation Trust, for the workhouse to be listed, were turned down by English Heritage in 2010.[1][3]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "BIRMINGHAM UNION WORKHOUSE AND INFIRMARY". Pastscape. English Heritage. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  2. ^ "The Workhouse in Birmingham, Warwickshire". The Workhouse. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Archway of Tears". Birmingham Conservation Trust. Retrieved 22 October 2013. 
  • Hetherington, RJ (1991) Birmingham Workhouse Records by (in Midland Ancestor, 9).