Church of the Messiah, Birmingham

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Church of the Messiah, Birmingham
Former Church of the Messiah, Broad Street, Birmingham.
52°28′41″N 1°54′40″W / 52.47792°N 1.91102°W / 52.47792; -1.91102Coordinates: 52°28′41″N 1°54′40″W / 52.47792°N 1.91102°W / 52.47792; -1.91102
Location Birmingham
Country England
Denomination Unitarian
Architecture
Architect(s) John Jones Bateman
Groundbreaking 1860
Completed 1862 (1862)
Construction cost £10,000
Demolished 1978 (1978)
Specifications
Capacity 950 people
Length 106 feet (32 m)
Width 65 feet (20 m)
Height 150 feet (46 m)

The Church of the Messiah, Birmingham was a Unitarian church on Broad Street, Birmingham.

History[edit]

The foundation of this congregation goes back to 1692 when the first meeting house was built, the Lower Meeting House, Deritend in Birmingham. When they outgrew this in 1732, they moved into a new chapel in Moor Street. By the 1860s this was also too small so a new church was commissioned. The Moor Street chapel was sold to a Roman Catholic congregation

The church was built to designs by the architect John Jones Bateman. The foundation stone was laid on 11 August 1860 and the church opened on 1 January 1862,[1][2] at a cost of £10,000. It was unusual in that it straddled the Birmingham Canal[1] forming part of the Broad Street canal tunnel.

The Church was built by Branson and Gwyther. Articles of agreement between (1) George Branson and Edwin Gwyther both of Birmingham in the County of Warwick Builders hereinafter and in the Conditions and Specification referred to as the "Contractors" of the one part and (2) Timothy Kenrick of Edgbaston. Letters kept at Birmingham City Archives include Contract for the building of the Church of the Messiah, with specification and particulars, conditions and schedule of drawings and detailed descriptions of proposed works.

Joseph Chamberlain,[1] and his son Neville Chamberlain, prime minister (1937-1940), attended services in this church.

The church was demolished in 1978.[1] The congregational moved to a new building at Five Ways which opened on 1 September 1973.

Ministers[edit]

Organ[edit]

An organ was provided by Nicholson of Worcester in 1862, but by 1882 the congregation had commissioned a new one from William Hill and Son at a cost of £1571.[3] This was rebuilt by Nicholson of Worcester in 1923. A specification of the organ can be found on the National Pipe Organ Register.[4]

Organists[edit]

  • John Gilbert Mills ca. 1923

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bartlam, Norman (2002). Broad Street Birmingham. Sutton. ISBN 0-7509-2874-3. 
  2. ^ Birmingham Journal - Saturday 4 January 1862
  3. ^ Pipes and Actions. Laurence Elvin. 1995
  4. ^ National Pipe Organ Register