Map of Bogotá River and its drainage basin
|Origin||Páramo de Guacheneque, Villapinzón
|Mouth||Magdalena River at Girardot
|Basin countries||Colombian department of Cundinamarca|
|Length||375 km (233 mi)|
|Source elevation||3,300 m (7,550 ft)|
|Avg. discharge||31-41 m3/s (1,100-1,450 ft3/s)|
|Basin area||6,000 km2 (2,300 mi2)|
The Bogotá River is a major river of the Cundinamarca department of Colombia, crossing the region from the northeast to the southwest and passing along the western limits of Bogotá. The large population and major industrial base in its watershed have resulted in extremely severe pollution problems for the river.
The headwaters of the Bogotá River are in the municipality of Villapinzón, in the northeastern part of Cundinamarca near the limits with Boyacá. It has a course of about 150 km as it crosses the Bogotá Savannah, passing through eleven small municipalities, before reaching the city of Bogotá. As it runs along the western border of the city, the river forms the outlet for the heavily polluted Salitre, Funza and Tunjuelito Rivers. After passing through the municipality of Soacha, the Bogotá River plunges off the Savannah at the Tequendama Falls. It then follows a steep course, falling about 2,000 meters in 50 km, to join the Magdalena River at Girardot.
The Temperature average ranges from 24 °C to 27 °C.