Bolivia–Mexico relations

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Bolivia–Mexico relations
Map indicating locations of Bolivia and Mexico

Bolivia

Mexico

Bolivia–Mexico relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Plurinational State of Bolivia and the United Mexican States.

History of diplomatic relations[edit]

Historically, both countries were part of the Spanish Empire until the early 19th century. Mexico was part of Viceroyalty of New Spain while Bolivia was at first part of the Viceroyalty of Peru and then in 1776, it became part of the Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata. Soon after independence, both nations established diplomatic relations. In 1831, Mexico sent its first concurrent ambassador to Bolivia based in Buenos Aires, Argentina. In September 1902, the first Mexican consulate-general was opened in La Paz and thus the first official diplomatic mission of Mexico in the country. In 1934, Bolivia opened its first diplomatic mission in Mexico City. In February 1939, both diplomatic missions were elevated to embassies in each other's capitals, respectively.[1]

Between 1964-1982, Bolivia was ruled by a military junta.[2] During this time period, diplomatic relations between Bolivia and Mexico became tense. Between 1967 and 1980, the Mexican embassy in La Paz provided asylum to 260 Bolivian citizens during that time period. The most prominent asylee at the embassy was Dr. Antonio Arguedas Mendieta, a Bolivian national and former Minister of the Interior who in 1968 arranged for copies of Che Guevara's captured diaries to be smuggled to Havana, Cuba after his death in Bolivia in October 1967. When the government of President René Barrientos discovered the documents to be missing, it was discovered that Dr. Arguedas Mendieta was a CIA agent who had been recruited to destroy Che Guevara's forces in the country, but he was soon to become disenchanted with the Bolivian government and decided to send Guevara's diaries to Cuba. Dr. Arguedas Mendieta was accused by the Bolivian State for selling state secrets and in July 1969, Dr. Arguedas Mendieta sought asylum in the Mexican embassy where he remained until May 1970 when he was granted safe-conduct out of Bolivia to Mexico.[3]

In 1990, President Carlos Salinas de Gortari became the first Mexican head of state to pay an official visit to Bolivia. Since then, there have been several high level visits between the two nations.[4]

Both nations are members of the Latin American Integration Association, Organization of American States, Rio Group and the United Nations.

Trade[edit]

In September 1994, a free trade agreement was signed between the two nations. Since its implementation in January 1995, trade between the two nations increased by 266%. In 2014, bilateral trade between Bolivia and Mexico reached $231 million USD.[5] In June 2010, Bolivia, under the presidency of Evo Morales cancelled the free trade agreement with Mexico.[6]

Resident diplomatic missions[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]