Brazilians in Suriname form a large community consisting mostly of miners. The number of Brazilians in the country is estimated at 40,000, nearly 10 percent of the population. Suriname allegedly has the largest community of Brazilians in any CARICOM nation.
Suriname's low population density and abundant natural resources have attracted numerous migrants from neighboring Brazil. Over the past decade or so, as many as 40,000 Brazilians, mostly illegal immigrants, have moved to Suriname, a country with fewer than half a million citizens. Many if not most Brazilians in Suriname work as small-scale gold miners in the town of Albina which has become primarily a base for nomadic gold prospectors.