Brazilian diaspora

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Brazilian diaspora
Flag of Brazil.svg
Total population
1.5 to 2 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 United States 450,599
 Japan 210,032
 Portugal 140,426
 Spain 128,238
 United Kingdom 118,000
 Germany 95,000
 Italy 67,000
 France 44,622
 Switzerland 44,000
 Belgium 43,000
 Bolivia 31,000
 Argentina 27,135
 Netherlands 27,100
 Uruguay 26,482
 Philippines 10,710
Languages
Primaly Portuguese (99%)
Indigenous languages (0.2%)
German (Hunsrückisch, Pomeranian and Plautdietsch) (0.8%) and language(s) of country of residence.
Religion
Predominantly Roman Catholic (68%)
Protestantism (19%)
No religious affiliation (7.4%)
Spiritism (1.3%)
Islam (0.5%)
Judaism (0.5%)
Afro-Brazilian religions (0.3%)
Related ethnic groups
Brazilian people

The Brazilian diaspora comprises Brazilians who have migrated to other countries, a fairly recent phenomenon that has been driven mainly by economic problems that afflicted Brazil from the ending of the military dictatorship in the 1980s to the early 2000s (decade).

Demographics[edit]

Brazilian immigrants in Spain.

There are an estimated 1.5 million Brazilians living abroad,[1] mainly in the U.S. (450,599),[2]Japan (~210,000), Paraguay (201,527), Portugal (~120.000), France (~100.000), United Kingdom (100,000)[3] Suriname (80,000), Italy (35,000), Switzerland (25,000), Angola (30,000), and another 100,000 are living in other European countries. Nowadays, emigration from Brazil is slowing down, due to the country's increasing rate of economic growth.

United States[edit]

Main article: Brazilian American

There were an estimated 246,000 Brazilian Americans as of 2007.[4] Another source gives an estimate of some 800,000 Brazilians living in the U.S. in 2000,[5] while still another estimates that as of 2008 some 1,100,000 Brazilians live in the United States, 300,000 of them in Florida.[6] Major concentrations are in New York, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Connecticut, Georgia, Florida and California.

West 46th Street has historically been a commercial center for Brazilians living or visiting New York City. In 1995 the city officially recognized it as "Little Brazil Street."

In Massachusetts, there is a very significant concentration of Brazilian immigrants in the town of Framingham, which in recent years has spilled out into the neighboring towns of Marlborough and Hudson, among others. In the Brazilian community is said that the already mentioned town of Framingham, MA along with Pompano Beach in Florida have both, the greatest concentration of Brazilians in the USA. The Brazilian communities in these towns are vibrant, having contributed much to the local cuisine and culture, but Brazilian immigrants often feel discriminated against and are often thought to be illegal immigrants by their non-Brazilian neighbors.[7]

A disproportionate number of Brazilians who have emigrated to the US came from the town of Governador Valadares, in the state of Minas Gerais.

United Kingdom[edit]

The 1991 Census recorded 9,301 Brazilian born people in the UK,[8] and the 2001 Census recorded 15,215.[9] In 2004, the Brazilian Consulate in London had 13,000 Brazilians registered as living in the UK.[8] The Office for National Statistics estimates suggest that there were 56,000 Brazilian-born people resident in the UK in 2008.[10] Several guesstimates of the current Brazilian British population, including those of Brazilian descent, put the number of Brazilian British people at around 200,000.[3][11]

Japan[edit]

Main article: Brazilians in Japan

The majority of Brazilians living in Japan are of Japanese descent, and they have been migrating there since the 1980s. They are estimated in 140,000 as of 2010.

Canada[edit]

Main article: Brazilian Canadian

There are an estimated 20,00 Brazilians living in Canada[citation needed]. Major concentrations are in Toronto, Montreal, Vancouver, and Calgary.

France[edit]

Main article: Brazilians in France

Paraguay[edit]

Brazilians and their descendents living in Paraguay are called Brasiguayos. This numerous community is mainly involved in agriculture.

Organizations[edit]

News and articles[edit]

Brazilian Times Brazilian newspaper in the U.S.

The Brasilians Brazilian newspaper in New York

Japan's fear of Brazilians BBC News

Brazilians in London, BBC London

[1] "Brazilian Educational and Cultural Centre (BrEACC)"

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Brazilian immigrants in Boston". Web. CITY OF BOSTON. Retrieved 10 January 2013. 
  2. ^ U.S. Census Bureau, American FactFinder
  3. ^ a b Sofia Buchuck. "Crossing borders: Latin American exiles in London". untoldLondon. Retrieved 2009-07-01. 
  4. ^ "United States - Selected Population Profile in the United States (Brazilian (360-364))". 2007 American Community Survey. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-15. 
  5. ^ "Brazilian Immigrant Women in the Boston area: Negotiation of Gender, Race, Ethnicity, Class and Nation". Archived from the original on 28 January 2010. 
  6. ^ "Imigrante brasileiro espera anistia de sucessor de Bush - 01/11/2008 - UOL Eleição americana 2008". Noticias.uol.com.br. Retrieved 2012-08-13. 
  7. ^ The Massachusetts Legal Services Diversity Coalition (2004). "Brazilian Immigration". Archived from the original on 29 September 2007. Retrieved 7 November 2012. 
  8. ^ a b Burton, Guy (July 2004). "It's tough being Brazilian in the UK". Brazzil. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  9. ^ "Country-of-birth database". Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. Retrieved 5 April 2010. 
  10. ^ "Table 1.3: Estimated population resident in the United Kingdom, by foreign country of birth, 60 most common countries of birth, January 2008 to December 2008". Office for National Statistics. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 5 April 2010.  Figure given is central estimate. See the source for 95 per cent confidence intervals.
  11. ^ Evans, Yara; Wills, Jane; Datta, Kavita; Herbert, Joanna; McIlwaine, Cathy; May, Jon; Osvaldo de Araújo, José; França, Ana Carla and França, Ana Paula (September 2007). "Brazilians in London: A report for the Strangers into Citizens Campaign". Queen Mary, University of London. Retrieved 5 April 2010.