In Sydney, February 2010
|Born||1958 (age 54–55)
Tenterfield, New South Wales
|Works||Prevention of AIDS (1992)
Tempe Reserve sports centre (2004)
Bronwyn Bancroft (born 1958) is an Australian artist,[notes 1] notable for being amongst the first Australian fashion designers invited to show her work in Paris. Born in Tenterfield, New South Wales, and trained in Canberra and Sydney, Bancroft worked as a fashion designer, and is an artist, illustrator, and arts administrator.
In 1985, Bancroft established a shop called Designer Aboriginals, selling fabrics made by Aboriginal artists including herself. She was a founding member of Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative. Art work by Bancroft is held by the National Gallery of Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales and the Art Gallery of Western Australia. She has provided art work for more than 20 children's books, including Stradbroke Dreaming by writer and activist Oodgeroo Noonuccal, and books by artist and writer Sally Morgan. She has received design commissions, including one for the exterior of a sports centre in Sydney.
Bancroft has a long history of involvement in community activism and arts administration, and has served as a board member for the National Gallery of Australia. Her painting Prevention of AIDS (1992) was used in a campaign to raise awareness of HIV/AIDS in Australia. Bancroft has served on the boards of copyright collection agency Viscopy and Tranby Aboriginal College, and the Artists Board at the Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney.
Life and training
A Bundjalung woman, Bancroft was born in Tenterfield, a town in rural New South Wales, in 1958. She was the youngest of seven children of Owen Cecil Joseph Bancroft, known as "Bill"—an Aboriginal Australian from the Djanbun clan—and Dot, who is of Scottish–Polish ancestry. Bancroft has said that her great-great-great-grandmother Pemau was one of only two or three survivors from her clan, the rest murdered when their land was settled by a white farmer. Her grandfather and uncle worked in local goldmines. She recalled that her father's education was obstructed by discrimination because he was Aboriginal. His lack of formal training meant that he had to work away from home cutting railroad sleepers, while her mother worked at home as a dressmaker. Bancroft's father was an engineer during World War II, managing barges at Madang and Rabaul.
Following her father's advice on the importance of getting an education or a trade, Bancroft completed high school in Tenterfield before moving to Canberra in 1976 with her husband-to-be Ned Manning, who had also been her teacher. There Bancroft completed a Diploma of Visual Communications through the Canberra School of Art, followed by a Master of Studio Practice and a Master of Visual Arts (Paintings) at the University of Sydney. She never returned to live in Tenterfield, although her three sisters were living there in 2004. Her father died around 1990. Bancroft has three children: Jack was born in 1985, Ella in 1988. She separated from Manning when they were very young; her third child Rubyrose was born in 1999. Jack was awarded NSW Young Australian of the Year in 2010 for his work arranging the mentoring of Indigenous school students.
Art and design
Bancroft was a founding member of the Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative, one of Australia's oldest Indigenous-run artists' organisations, established in 1987. She served in the roles of chairperson, director, and treasurer during its first two decades. In 1985, she opened a shop in Sydney called Designer Aboriginals, selling the work of designers including her own fabrics, and staffed by her Indigenous female students. Bancroft, Euphemia Bostock and Mini Heath were the first Australian fashion designers invited to show their works in Paris, where Bancroft's painted designs on cloth were exhibited at the 1987 Printemps Fashion Parade. Two years later, in 1989, she contributed to a London exhibition, Australian Fashion: The Contemporary Art. Despite these successes, she moved away from the fashion industry, telling an interviewer in 2005 that she had not done fabric design for 15 years. Described as "an instinctive colourist", Bancroft has since worked primarily as a painter, and has developed "a glowing style reminiscent of stained glass windows". She has cited as influences the American painter Georgia O'Keeffe, European painters Joan Miró, Wassily Kandinsky, and Marc Chagall, and Australian Indigenous artists such as Emily Kngwarreye, Rover Thomas, and Mary MacLean.
Although initially known as a fabric and textile designer, Bancroft has worked with many artistic media, including "jewellery design, painting, collage, illustration, sculpture and interior decoration". Art works by Bancroft are held by the National Gallery of Australia, the Art Gallery of New South Wales, the Art Gallery of Western Australia and the Queensland Art Gallery. The National Gallery holds one of her screenprints, Entrapped, created in 1991. Between 1989 and 2006, Bancroft held eight solo exhibitions and participated in at least 53 group exhibitions, including shows at the Australian Museum in Sydney, the National Gallery of Australia in Canberra, and the National Gallery of Victoria. Her art has been exhibited in Indonesia, New Zealand, the USA, France, and Germany.
In 2004, Bancroft was commissioned to design a large mural covering the exterior of a sports centre housing two basketball courts at Tempe Reserve in Marrickville, New South Wales. The mural depicts a snake, a man, and a woman, representing both biblical and Indigenous Australian creation stories. It also includes the goanna, the ancestral totem of the Marrickville area's original inhabitants, the Wangal people.
Bancroft ventured into illustrating children's books in 1993, when she provided the artwork for Fat and Juicy Place written by Dianna Kidd. The book was shortlisted for the Children's Book Council of Australia's Book of the Year and won the Australian Multicultural Children's Book Award. In the same year, she illustrated Stradbroke Dreamtime by Indigenous activist and writer Oodgeroo Noonuccal. She was the third artist to have provided images for successive editions of the book, of which the first edition was released in 1972. Bancroft has since contributed artwork for over 20 children's books, including some by prominent Australian writer and artist Sally Morgan, whom she regards as a mentor and friend. These books include Dan's grandpa (1996) and Sam's bush journey (2009). The two artists collaborated on an exhibition of prints at Warrnambool Art Gallery in Victoria in 1991. Researcher and museum curator Margo Neale has described the art of both Bancroft and Morgan as depicting "their relationship to country and family in generally high-keyed works, celebrating and commemorating through personal or collective stories in mainly figurative narratives."
As well as working with established writers, Bancroft has created a number of children's books in her own right, including An Australian 1 2 3 of Animals and An Australian ABC of Animals, which have been favourably reviewed as imaginative and well-illustrated. Her style of illustration has been described as "bold and mysterious", and as "traditional Australian Aboriginal representation rendered in bright, eye-catching colors." In 2009 Bancroft received an Australian literary award—the Dromkeen Medal—for her contribution to children's literature. In May 2010, the Governor-General of Australia Quentin Bryce launched Bancroft's latest book, Why I Love Australia. A long-time supporter of Bancroft's work, Ms Bryce said: "Why I love Australia is a work and title that, again, speaks volumes of its author and illustrator. It simply and exquisitely rejoices in telling a story of this magnificent, sacred land we share: the mountains, rivers and gorges; seas and coral reefs; grasslands and bushlands; saltpans and snow; houses and streets; the jewelled night sky, and so much more."
Bancroft's art has also appeared in the publications of a number of other individuals and organisations, including as cover art for books from the Australian Museum and the New South Wales Education Department, for Larissa Behrendt's novel Home, and for Roberta Sykes's controversial autobiographical narratives Snake Cradle and Snake Dancing, among others.
Administration and activism
Bancroft has been active in arts organisations, and served two terms on the board of the National Gallery of Australia during the 1990s. She was chair of the Visual Arts Board of the New South Wales Ministry for the Arts, and of the National Indigenous Arts Advocacy Organisation from 1993 to 1996. In the lead-up to the 2000 Summer Olympics in Sydney, Bancroft was a member of the design committee that advised on the development of the games' official logo, and has acted as a judge for the $35,000 Country Energy Art Prize. Bancroft was a member of the board of directors of the Australian copyright collection agency, Viscopy, and while serving in that position has been an advocate of resale royalty rights for artists. She has observed that "resale royalties are an intrinsic link to the improvement of the inherent rights of Australian artists to a fair income". She was a member of the Sydney Museum of Contemporary Art's Artist Advisory Group in 2005, and is a member of the Museum's Artists Board. She has served on the board of the Indigenous training organisation, Tranby Aboriginal College.
Within and beyond her artistic works, Bancroft has demonstrated concern for a range of social issues, particularly those affecting Indigenous Australians. Her painting Prevention of AIDS (1992) was reproduced on posters and postcards aimed at raising awareness of HIV/AIDS, and was one of several of her images commissioned by the federal Department of Health to highlight issues regarding the disease in the Indigenous community. In 2000, two years after the death of activist Mum (Shirl) Smith, Bancroft and the Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative organised a fund-raising exhibition of art works in Smith's honour.
Bancroft is a director of the Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience, a not-for-profit organisation that aims to increase senior high school and university admission rates for Indigenous students. She has taught and mentored Indigenous school students such as Jessica Birk, a winner of the Australia Council's inaugural Emerging and Young Artist Award in May 2009.
Selected published works
- Walking the boundaries (illustrator), Angus & Robertson, 1993, ISBN 0-207-17796-1
- Stradbroke dreamtime (illustrator), Angus & Robertson, 1993, ISBN 0-207-17938-7
- Dirrangun (illustrator), Angus & Robertson, 1994, ISBN 0-207-18482-8
- Dan's Grandpa (illustrator), Fremantle Press, 1996, ISBN 1-86368-159-0
- Leaving (illustrator), Roland Harvey, 2000, ISBN 0-949714-75-5
- The Outback (illustrator), with Annaliese Porter, Magabala Books, 2005, ISBN 1-875641-86-6
- An Australian ABC of Animals, Little Hare Books, 2005, ISBN 1-877003-97-2
- Ready to Dream (illustrator), Bloomsbury, 2008, ISBN 978-1-59990-049-0
- An Australian 1, 2, 3 of animals, Little Hare Books, 2009, ISBN 978-1-921541-11-7
- W is for wombat: my first Australian word book, Little Hare Books, 2009, ISBN 978-1-921541-17-9
- Why I love Australia, Little Hare Books, 2010, ISBN 978-1-921541-78-0
- Art Gallery of New South Wales
- Art Gallery of Western Australia
- Australian Museum
- Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet (Australia)
- National Gallery of Australia
- National Museum of Australia
- New York Public Library Print Collection
- Newark Museum
- Parliament House Art Collection
- Queensland Art Gallery
- Bancroft has self-identified as Aboriginal and is recognised by her community as such. The term has been used in the High Court of Australia to mean "a person of Aboriginal descent, albeit mixed, who identifies himself as such and who is recognised by the Aboriginal community as an Aboriginal ..." This definition is widely accepted and has its origins in work of the Australian Department of Aboriginal Affairs in the 1980s. Being Aboriginal or Indigenous has nothing to do with skin colour; a key element is self-identification and Indigenous community recognition.
- Aird, Michael; Richard Bell, Vernon Ah Kee, Bronwyn Bancroft, Anita Heiss and Wesley Enoch (6 July 2007). "Panel 1: Who you callin' urban?". Who You Callin' Urban? forum. National Museum of Australia. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- Dean, J (1984) Tasmania v Commonwealth. 158 CLR. p. 243.
- Gardiner-Garden, John (5 December 2000). "The Definition of Aboriginality". Department of the Parliamentary Library Research Note 18. Archived from the original on 5 June 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2010.
- "Who can identify as an Indigenous Australian person?". What Works: The Work Program. Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2010.
- "Who are indigenous peoples?". Indigenous peoples, Indigenous voices: factsheet. United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues. Retrieved 1 June 2010.[dead link]
- Watson, Ken (2000). "Bancroft, Bronwyn". In Sylvia Kleinert and Margot Neale. The Oxford Companion to Aboriginal art and culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 532–533. ISBN 0-19-550649-9.
- Kovacic, Leonarda (2004). "Bancroft, Bronwyn (1958– )". The Australian Women's Register. National Foundation for Australian Women and University of Melbourne. Archived from the original on 29 October 2010. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- "Strokes of colour". Message Stick (ABC TV). 27 February 2004. Archived from the original on 18 January 2010. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Founding members: Bronwyn Bancroft". Boomalli Aboriginal Artists' Cooperative. Archived from the original on 19 July 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn (2010). "Time". Wilson Street Art Quarterly (Wilson Street Art Gallery (now Janet Clayton Gallery)). Autumn/Winter: 18–20. Archived from the original on 6 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2010.[dead link]
- McCulloch, Alan; Susan McCulloch, Emily McCulloch Childs (2006). The new McCulloch's encyclopedia of Australian art. Fitzroy, VIC: Aus Art Editions in association with The Miegunyah Press. p. 34. ISBN 0-522-85317-X.
- "Award recipients: Jack Manning Bancroft". NSW Young Australian of the Year 2010. National Australia Day Council. 18 November 2009. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
- "About Boomalli". Boomalli Aboriginal Artists' Cooperative. Archived from the original on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- McGrath, Ann (1995). "Boomalli Aboriginal Artists Co-operative. Interview with Hetti Perkins and Brenda Croft". Labour History 69: 217–230.
- De Brabander, Dallas (1994). "Bancroft, B.". In David Horton. Encyclopaedia of Aboriginal Australia 1. Canberra: Aboriginal Studies Press for the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies. p. 90. ISBN 978-0-85575-234-7.
- Humfress, Paul; Michael Riley, Loretta Fisher (1988). "Boomalli: Five Koori Artists". A Place to Think. Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- Frew, Wendy (1 February 2012). "Art imitates strife as designer documents indigenous struggle". Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 26 September 2012.
- Sweeney, Therese (Dec–Jan 2005). "A cultural gateway". Real Time Arts Magazine (70): 54.
- Rawlins, Donna (1996). "Know the illustrator: Bronwyn Bancroft". Magpies 11 (2): 4–7.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn. "Entrapped". Australasian Art Collection. National Gallery of Australia. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- anonymous (2010). "Bronwyn Bancroft: Time: 15 May to 6 June". Wilson Street Art Quarterly. Autumn/Winter: 17. Retrieved 30 May 2010.[dead link]
- Bancroft, Bronwyn. "Book illustrations". Designer Aboriginals. Archived from the original on 18 July 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- O'Conor, Juliet (2009). Bottersnikes and other lost things: a celebration of Australian illustrated children's books. Carlton, Vic.: Miegunyah Press and State Library of Victoria. p. 124. ISBN 978-0-522-85651-4.
- "Books: Dan's Grandpa". Freemantle Press. Retrieved 6 October 2009.
- Morgan, Sally; Ezekiel Kwaymullina, Bronwyn Bancroft (2009). "Sam's bush journey". National Library of Australia catalogue. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Neale, Margo (2000). "United in the struggle: Indigenous art from urban areas". In Sylvia Kleinert and Margot Neale. The Oxford Companion to Aboriginal art and culture. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 267–278. ISBN 0-19-550649-9.
- Coughlan, Marjorie (October 2009). "Review: An Australian 123 Of Animals, and An Australian ABC Of Animals". PaperTigers. Retrieved 12 November 2009.
- "Bookshelf: Children's Books in Brief". New York Times Sunday Book Review. 8 August 2004. Retrieved 31 May 2010.
- "Bronwyn Bancroft Dromkeen Medal Citation 2009". Dromkeen National Centre for Picture Book Art. Scholastic Australia. 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
- Bryce AO, Her Excellency Ms Quentin (24 May 2010). "Speech" (PDF). Governor General of the Commonwealth of Australia. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
- Kelly, Lynda; Allison Bartlett and Phil Gordon (2002). Indigenous Youth and Museums. Sydney: Australian Museum. ISBN 0-7347-2312-1. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- NSW Department of Education and Training (2002). Talking identity: teacher's handbook. Ryde, NSW: NSW Department of Education and Training. ISBN 0-7313-7088-0. Retrieved 10 December 2009.
- Behrendt, Larissa (2004). Home. St Lucia, QLD: University of Queensland Press. ISBN 978-0-7022-3407-1.
- Kurtzer, Sonja (2001). "Beryl Henderson Prize-winning Essay: Identity Dilemmas in Roberta Sykes' Autobiographical Narratives, Snake Cradle and Snake Dancing". Australian Feminist Studies 16 (34): 101–111.
- Meekison, Lisa (2000). "Indigenous presence in the Sydney Games". In Claire Smith and Graeme Ward. Indigenous cultures in an interconnected world. Vancouver: UBC Press. p. 116. ISBN 0-7748-0806-3.
- "Broadened focus for 5th $35,000 Country Energy Art Prize". Australian Artist 24 (2): 7. 2007.
- Lewis, Paul (2003). "The Resale Royalty and Australian Visual Artists: Painting the Full Picture". Media & Arts Law Review 8: 306. Retrieved 10 December 2009.[dead link]
- "Government to Consider Resale Royalty Right for Artists". Off the Air (Screenrights) 11 (3): 15. 2002.
- Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney (2005). Annual Report. Sydney, NSW: Museum of Contemporary Art, Sydney. p. 31. Retrieved 16 February 2010.[dead link]
- "VISCOPY – Board and Directors". VISCOPY. Retrieved 16 February 2010.
- "Board of Directors". Organisational structure. Tranby Aboriginal College. Retrieved 15 February 2010.
- Sendziuk, Paul (2003). Learning to Trust: Australian responses to AIDS. Sydney: University of New South Wales Press. p. 207. ISBN 0-86840-718-6.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn. "Past Exhibitions". Designer Aboriginals. Archived from the original on 9 July 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2009.
- Jopson, Debra (22 November 2000). "Strong but fair, the Redfern reformer who didn't cop it". Sydney Morning Herald.
- "What is AIME mentoring?". Australian Indigenous Mentoring Experience. 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2010.
- Schwartzkoff, Louise (27 May 2009). "Artist stands astride two worlds". Sydney Morning Herald.
- French, Jackie; Bronwyn Bancroft (1993). "Walking the boundaries". National Library of Australia catalogue. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn; Oodgeroo Noonuccal (1993). "Stradbroke dreamtime". National Library of Australia catalogue. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn; Eustan Williams, Lucy Daley and Roland Robinson (February 2009). "Selected Bibliography of material on the Bundjalung / Banjalang language and people held in the AIATSIS Library". AIATSIS. p. 1. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- Bancroft, Bronwyn (2000). "Leaving". National Library of Australia catalogue. Retrieved 9 October 2009.
- "Ready to Dream (review)". Publishers Weekly 47 (255): 57–58. 2008.
- Bronwyn Bancroft's design company
- Examples of Bancroft's art, from an exhibition at Wilson Street Gallery, Sydney, 2010