Burrington, Somerset

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Burrington
Stone building with arched windows and a square tower.
Burrington Church
Burrington is located in Somerset
Burrington
Burrington
 Burrington shown within Somerset
Population 464 [1]
OS grid reference ST479593
Unitary authority North Somerset
Ceremonial county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS40
Dialling code 01761
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament Weston-super-Mare
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°19′49″N 2°44′50″W / 51.3303°N 2.7471°W / 51.3303; -2.7471

Burrington is a small village and civil parish in Somerset, England. It is situated in the Unitary authority of North Somerset, 5 miles (8.0 km) north east of Axbridge and about 10 miles (16 km) east of Weston-super-Mare. The parish includes the hamlets of Bourne[2] and Rickford and has a population of 464.[1]

History[edit]

Old Methodist chapel at Rickford. Now a masonic lodge

Burrington is believed to mean 'The villa and an enclosure' from the Old English bur, end and tun.[3]

Burrington was part of the hundred of Brent-cum-Wrington.[4]

In the 15th century the village was called Beryngton and was involved in lead mining.[5]

It is very close to Burrington Combe where there is evidence of occupation since Neolithic times, the Bronze Age and Roman periods.[6] There is also an Iron Age hillfort known as Burrington Camp.

The 19th century Methodist chapel in Rickford is now a masonic lodge.[7] The gauging house over the brook in the village was also built in the late 19th century,[8] and restored in 2013.[9]

Governance[edit]

Gauge house on the brook in Rickford

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as the village hall or community centre, playing fields and playgrounds, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

The parish falls within the unitary authority of North Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

North Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters is in the town hall in Weston-super-Mare. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Woodspring district of the county of Avon.[10] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Axbridge Rural District.[11]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Weston-super-Mare county constituency. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The Church of the Holy Trinity is from the 15th century and was restored in 1884. It is a Grade I listed building.[12] It contains a stained-glass window, with the arms of the Capels of Langford Court. The tower contains a bell dating from 1713 and made by Edward Bilbie of the Bilbie family.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census Profile" (Excel). North Somerset Council. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Hamlet of Bourne ST486598 Ordnance Survey. 182 Weston-super-Mare:Bridgwater & Wells (Map). 1:50 000. Landranger. ISBN 978-0-319-22860-9.
  3. ^ Robinson, Stephen (1992). Somerset Place Names. Wimborne, Dorset: The Dovecote Press Ltd. ISBN 1-874336-03-2. 
  4. ^ "Militia in the Brent-cum-Wrington Hundred". Wrington Somerset. Retrieved 12 September 2011. 
  5. ^ Gough, J.W. (1967). The mines of Mendip. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. 
  6. ^ "Mendip Hills An Archaeological Survey of the Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty". Somerset County Council Archaeological Projects. Retrieved 28 October 2006. 
  7. ^ "Former Methodist Chapel now Masonic Lodge". English Heritage. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  8. ^ "Guage House". English Heritage. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  9. ^ "Gauge House". Rickford Community Association. Retrieved 2 June 2013. 
  10. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Retrieved 9 December 2007. 
  11. ^ "Axbridge RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Church of Holy Trinity". Images of England. Retrieved 9 May 2006. 
  13. ^ Moore, James; Rice, Roy; Hucker, Ernest (1995). Bilbie and the Chew Valley clock makers. The authors. ISBN 0-9526702-0-8. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Burrington, Somerset at Wikimedia Commons