C minor

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C minor
Relative key E major
Parallel key C major
Dominant key G major / G minor
Subdominant F minor
Component pitches
C, D, E, F, G, A, B, C
Ascending and descending C natural minor scale.
C minor melodic scale About this sound listen }
C harmonic minor scale ascending and descending. About this sound Play 

C minor (abbreviated c or Cm) is a minor scale based on C, consisting of the pitches C, D, E, F, G, A, and B. The harmonic minor raises the B to B. Changes needed for the melodic and harmonic versions of the scale are written in with naturals and accidentals as necessary.

Its key signature consists of three flats (see below: Scales and keys). Its relative major is E-flat major, and its parallel major is C major.


In the Baroque period, music in C minor was usually written with a two-flat key signature, and some modern editions of that repertoire retain that convention.

Of the two piano concertos that Mozart wrote in a minor key, one of them is in C minor, No. 24, K. 491.

C minor has been associated with heroic struggle since Beethoven's time.[citation needed] Beethoven wrote some of his most characteristic works in the key of C minor, including the Symphony No. 5 and no fewer than three piano sonatas. (See Beethoven and C minor.)

Brahms's first symphony and first string quartet were composed in C minor; these were both genres with which Beethoven was closely associated during Brahms's lifetime.

Three of Anton Bruckner's ten numbered symphonies are in C minor, as are two of Dmitri Shostakovich's symphonies.

Notable compositions[edit]

Non classical songs[edit]

Scales and keys[edit]


  1. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0048597&ref=google
  2. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0063752&
  3. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0036169&
  4. ^ "Could It Be Magic", sheetmusic sample
  5. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0079012
  6. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0092696
  7. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0089577&
  8. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0110253&
  9. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0101520
  10. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0074157
  11. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdVPE.asp?ppn=MN0103711&
  12. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0085778&
  13. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0068385&
  14. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0107074&ref=google
  15. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0059363&
  16. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0041495&
  17. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0050291&
  18. ^ http://www.musicnotes.com/sheetmusic/mtdFPE.asp?ppn=MN0064467&

External links[edit]

Media related to C minor at Wikimedia Commons