Cabinda (city)

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For other uses, see Cabinda (disambiguation).
Cabinda
Tchiowa
Cidade de Cabinda
Municipality and city
Official seal of Cabinda
Seal
Cabinda is located in Angola
Cabinda
Cabinda
Location in Angola
Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000Coordinates: 5°33′36″S 12°11′24″E / 5.56000°S 12.19000°E / -5.56000; 12.19000
Country Flag of Angola.svg Angola
Admin. division Cabinda province
Founded 1883
City Status 1956
Area
 • Total 1,823 km2 (704 sq mi)
Elevation 24 m (79 ft)
Population (2009)
 • Total 377,931
 • Density 210/km2 (540/sq mi)

Cabinda (local name: Tchiowa) is a city located in the Cabinda Province, an exclave of Angola. Angolan sovereignty over Cabinda is disputed by the secessionist Republic of Cabinda. The municipality of Cabinda contained 357,576 inhabitants in 2008. The residents of the city are known as Cabindas or Fiotes. Cabinda, due to its proximity to rich oil reserves, serves as one of Angola's main oil ports.[1][2]

History[edit]

The city was originally founded by the Portuguese as a harbour territory for the purposes of the slave trade. Currently, there are considerable offshore oil reserves nearby.

Geography[edit]

Cabinda is located on the Atlantic Ocean coast in the south of Cabinda Province, and sits on the right bank of the Bele River.[1] It is 56 kilometres (35 mi) north of Moanda (DR Congo), 70 kilometres (43 mi) north of Congo River estuary and 137 kilometres (85 mi) south of Pointe-Noire (Rep. Congo).[3]

Districts[edit]

The city of Cabinda is divided into three districts, or comuna:

  • Cabinda, the city seat, with 88.6% of the population the city
  • Malembo, with 3.1%
  • Tando-Zinze, with 8,3%[4]

Language[edit]

Ibinda, a Bantu language, is the primary language of the both the city and province of Cabinda.[2]

Transport[edit]

See also: Cabinda Airport

In 2012, a proposed railway connection to the main Angolan system has to cross territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Cabinda". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Encyclopaedia Britannica Inc. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  2. ^ a b "Cabinda" (in Portuguese). Luanda, Angola: Info-Angola. 2014. Retrieved 2014-05-21. 
  3. ^ Google Inc. "Cabinda (city)". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. https://maps.google.co.uk/maps?q=cabinda+city&ie=UTF-8&hq=&hnear=0x1a5dd375413f2007:0x23b597a10e609afb,Cabinda,+Angola&gl=uk&ei=v95kU4uoHISK0AXA14DYDw&ved=0CIsBELYDMA8.
  4. ^ "Region 1: Cabinda". Postcode Query. 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Cabinda (city) at Wikimedia Commons