Cabinet of Iceland

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The Cabinet and the Prime Minister's Office in Reykjavík.
Coat of arms of Iceland.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Iceland
Constitution

The Cabinet of Iceland (Icelandic: Stjórnarráð Íslands) is the collective decision-making body of the government of Iceland, composed of the Prime Minister and the cabinet ministers.

History[edit]

The Cabinet of Iceland is considered to have been formed 1 February 1904 when home rule was expanded in Iceland and Hannes Hafstein became the first Icelander to hold the position of Minister for Iceland in the Cabinet of Denmark (Cabinet of Deuntzer).[1] A constitutional amendment, confirmed on 3 October 1903, stated that the Minister for Iceland had to be a resident of Reykjavík and be able to read and write Icelandic. The Minister for Iceland therefore belonged to both the Danish Cabinet and the newly created Icelandic Cabinet but was only answerable to the Icelandic Parliament. Executive power was thus transferred to Iceland with the creation of the Icelandic Cabinet (the executive branch of the government). In the beginning, there were no cabinet ministers nor ministries (aside from the Minister for Iceland) that formed the Cabinet but instead the Cabinet was divided into three offices. The offices were called first, second and third office. The first office was responsible for court, school and church affairs, the second for employment, transport and postal affairs and the third for finance.[2] The Minister for Iceland was the most supreme officeholder in the Cabinet, but each office was headed by an Office Manager and a National Secretary supervised the three managers.[3] The position of Minister for Iceland in the Danish and Icelandic cabinet was discontinued 30 November 1918 as the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union was signed 1 December 1918 by Denmark and Iceland. The agreement made Iceland a sovereign state — the Kingdom of Iceland — joined with Denmark in a personal union with the Danish king as the head of state of both kingdoms. The Minister for Iceland at the time of the signing of the agreement, Jón Magnússon, became the first Prime Minister of Iceland.

Current cabinet[edit]

The current cabinet (in office since 23 May 2013), consists of the following ministers:[4]

Minister Ministry Since Incumbent Party Image
Prime Minister
(Forsætisráðherra)
Prime Minister's Office
(Forsætisráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson PP Formaður Framsóknar Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson var endurkjörinn með 97,6% atkvæða cropped.jpg
Minister of Finance and Economic Affairs
(Fjármála- og efnahagsráðherra)
Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs
(Fjármála- og efnahagsráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Bjarni Benediktsson IP Bjarni Benediktsson vid Nordiska Radets session i Stockholm.jpg
Minister for Foreign Affairs
(Utanríkisráðherra)
Ministry for Foreign Affairs
(Utanríkisráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Gunnar Bragi Sveinsson PP
Minister of Education, Science and Culture
(Mennta- og menningarmálaráðherra)
Ministry of Education, Science and Culture
(Mennta- og menningarmálaráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Illugi Gunnarsson IP
Minister of Health
(Heil­brigðis­ráðherra)
Ministry of Welfare
(Velferðarráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Kristján Þór Júlíusson IP Kristjan thor Juliusson (Sj.) Island.jpg
Minister of Social Affairs and Housing
(Félags- og húsnæðismálaráðherra)
23 May 2013 Eygló Harðardóttir PP
Minister of the Interior
(Innanríkisráðherra)
Ministry of the Interior
(Innanríkisráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Hanna Birna Kristjánsdóttir IP
Minister for the Environment and Natural Resources
(Umhverfis- og auðlindaráðuneytið)
Ministry for the Environment and Natural Resources
(Umhverfis- og auðlindaráðuneytið)
23 May 2013 Sigurður Ingi Jóhannsson PP
Minister of Fisheries and Agriculture
(Sjávar­útvegs- og landbúnaðarráðherra)
Ministry of Industries and Innovation
(Atvinnuvega- og nýsköpunarráðuneytið)
Minister of Industry and Commerce
(Iðnaðar- og viðskiptaráðherra)
23 May 2013 Ragnheiður Elín Árnadóttir IP

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. "Þegar heimastjórn var komið á fót hér á landi árið 1904 var stofnað embætti ráðherra Íslands, og var hann æðsti yfirmaður Stjórnarráðs Íslands." 
  2. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. "Stjórnarráðinu var skipt í þrjár skrifstofur sem gengu undir nöfnunum fyrsta, önnur og þriðja skrifstofa. Fyrstu skrifstofu var ætlað að sjá um dóms-, skóla- og kirkjumál, önnur skyldi sjá um atvinnumál, samgöngumál og póstmál en hin þriðja fjármál." 
  3. ^ Sumarliði R. Ísleifsson (2001). "Forsætisráðuneyti - sögulegt ágrip" [Prime Minister's Office - historical overview] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Prime Minister's Office. Retrieved 15 September 2012. "Skrifstofustjóri var yfir hverri skrifstofu en landritari var yfirmaður þeirra. Allir lutu þeir svo ráðherra Íslands." 
  4. ^ "Ráðuneyti Sigmundar Davíðs Gunnlaugssonar" [Cabinet of Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson] (in Icelandic). Reykjavík, Iceland: Cabinet of Iceland. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 64°08′50″N 21°56′07″W / 64.14722°N 21.93528°W / 64.14722; -21.93528