Canada and the United Nations

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Canada
Flag of the United Nations.svg Flag of Canada.svg
United Nations membership
Membership Founding member
Since 1945 (1945)
Ambassador Guillermo Rishchynski

Canada has been a member of the United Nations since it was established, and has served six separate terms on the UN Security Council. Canada has also participated in United Nations peacekeeping missions.[specify]

History[edit]

The Canadian Delegation to the United Nations Conference on International Organization, San Francisco, May 1945.

In the initial set-up of the UN, McGill University law professor John Peters Humphrey established the Division for Human Rights in the UN Secretariat, and remained in charge of the division for twenty years. The initial work of the Division for Human Rights was the creation of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights of which Humphrey created the first draft and remained a champion of until its adoption by approval of the UN General Assembly in 1948. Canada has been part of every UN mission since 1957.

Secretary of State for External Affairs Lester B. Pearson, while he was President of the UN General Assembly in 1957, proposed the concept of UN peacekeeping forces as a means of dealing with the aftermath of the Suez Crisis. He was awarded a Nobel Peace Prize for his efforts and the establishment of the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF). Canada has played an important part in the United Nations' peacekeeping programme since the organisation's establishment in 1945, after World War II.[specify]

Canada and the Security Council[edit]

Canada has served in the UNSC for 12 years, thus ranking in the top ten of non-permanent members. As of 2013, it shares the fourth place in the list of countries serving on the Council by length with Italy. This places Canada behind Brazil and Japan (first place), Argentina (second place), and Colombia, India, and Pakistan (third place). Canada was elected for the following six terms: 1948-49, 1958–59, 1967–68, 1977–78, 1989–90, and 1999-2000 - once every decade. In 2010, it lost its bid for a seat in the 2010 Security Council elections to Germany and Portugal, marking the country's first failure to win a seat in the UNSC.

See also[edit]