|Died||17 March 2012
|Known for||Krating Daeng, co-founder of Red Bull|
|Net worth||$5 billion (2009) |
|Spouse(s)||Noklek Sodsri (Divorced)
Chaleo Yoovidhya (Thai: เฉลียว อยู่วิทยา, RTGS: Chaliao Yuwitthaya, Thai pronunciation: [ʨʰàlǐːaw jùːwíttʰájaː]; died 17 March 2012) was a Thai businessman who originated the Krating Daeng (กระทิงแดง) and was co-creator of the Red Bull brands of energy drinks. At the time of his death in 2012 at the age of 90, he was listed as the third-richest person in Thailand, with an estimated net worth of $5 billion.
With little formal education, he worked for his parents, then moved to Bangkok. He became an antibiotics salesman, before quitting to set up his own small pharmaceutical company, TC Pharmaceuticals, in the early 1960s. Later, he developed an energy-boosting beverage that was first introduced in 1976. The logo depicts two large, red bulls charging each other, which are not cattle but wild gaur, a bovine species native to Southeast Asia called krathing (กระทิง) in Thai.
Dietrich Mateschitz, an Austrian salesman for a German company, found the drink cured his jet lag, and entered into partnership with Chaleo in 1984. In 1987, the two launched an export version labelled "Red Bull," for which Chaleo provided the formula and Mateschitz the marketing. Each put up US$500,000 for 49% of the Red Bull energy drink franchise, with Chaleo's son, Chalerm, owning the remaining 2%. Chaleo continued to own TC Pharmaceuticals, which manufactured other energy drinks in Thailand, and was part owner of Piyavate Hospital, a private hospital in Thailand.
In September 2012, a grandson and heir to the Red Bull company, Vorayuth Yoovidhya, faced charges of recklessly driving a Ferrari and fleeing police, after allegedly causing the death of Police Master Sergeant Wichian Klanprasert. On 2 September 2013, it was announced he faces arrest again for failing to turn up to court on the same charges. Vorayuth Yoovidhya was charged with involuntary homicide.
- "#1 Chaleo Yoovidhya". Forbes.com. Retrieved 2012-03-17.
- "Chaleo Yuwitthaya dies at 90". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- "Chaleo Yoovidhya dies". Forbes lists. Forbes. March 2012. Archived from the original on 17 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012. "Net Worth $5 B As of March 2012 #205 Forbes Billionaires, #3 in Thailand"
- The New York Times notes that three dates have been put forward by different sources: "The Nation, a Thai newspaper, reported that he was 90, while several other news media outlets in Thailand said he was 88. Forbes recently put his age at 80." The BBC states "Mr Chaleo was born of poor Chinese immigrant parents in the northern province of Phichit, reportedly in 1932, local media say". The Australian and Time say he was 89. The Telegraph and The Independent say he was born in 1923.
- "Chaleo Yoovidhya". The Daily Telegraph. 19 March 2012.
- Martin Childs (21 March 2012). "Chaleo Yoovidhya: Recluse who created the Red Bull energy drink". The Independent.
- "Thai Billionaire Who Created Red Bull Dies". NPR. AP. 17 March 2012. Retrieved 17 March 2012.
- Staff (3 September 2012). "Red Bull heir arrested in deadly Thai hit-and-run" (News & blogging). Asian Correspondent (Bristol, England, UK: Hybrid News Limited). Associated Press. Retrieved 4 September 2012. "BANGKOK (AP) — A grandson of the creator of the Red Bull energy drink has been arrested for driving a Ferrari that struck a police officer and dragged his dead body down a Bangkok street in an early-morning hit-and-run, police said Monday."
- Policía busca al heredero de Red Bull por homicidio en Tailandia, primerahora.com, 3 September 2013; retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "Ex-wife, colleagues mourn". Bangkok Post. 4 September 2012. Retrieved 4 September 2012. "Nongnoot Saengpraphan's hopes of reuniting with her ex-husband Pol Snr Sgt Maj Wichian Klanprasert were crushed with shocking brutality when the officer was killed in a hit-and-run accident on Sukhumvit Road early yesterday."
- Staff (2 September 2013). "Red Bull heir Vorayuth Yoovidhaya faces Thai arrest" (News & blogging). BBC. BBC News Asia. Retrieved 3 September 2013. "Thai authorities will seek to arrest a grandson of Red Bull's billionaire, co-creator Chaleo Yoovidhaya, after he failed to appear at a court hearing."