Chariots of Fire (play)
|Chariots of Fire|
|Written by||Mike Bartlett
|Date premiered||May 9, 2012|
|Place premiered||Hampstead Theatre, London|
|Genre||drama, sports, inspirational|
Chariots of Fire is a 2012 stage adaptation of the 1981 Oscar-winning film of the same name. Production of the Olympic-themed play, which opened at London's Hampstead Theatre 9 May 2012 and transferred to the West End on 23 June 2012, was partially inspired by the 2012 London Summer Olympics.
The Chariots of Fire adaptation for the stage was written by playwright Mike Bartlett, and Edward Hall directed the play. It starred Jack Lowden as Scottish missionary Eric Liddell, and James McArdle as Jewish Cambridge student Harold Abrahams. For the production, stage designer Miriam Buether transformed the entire theatre into an Olympic stadium, so that audiences have the experience of being in the Olympic stands.
The play includes the film's iconic Vangelis score, and Vangelis also created several new pieces of music for the production. As in the film, Gilbert and Sullivan songs are also used, and additional music was provided by Tony Award-winning composer Jason Carr.
The stage version for the London Olympic year was the idea of the film's director, Hugh Hudson, who co-produced the play; Hudson stated, "Issues of faith, of refusal to compromise, standing up for one's beliefs, achieving something for the sake of it, with passion, and not just for fame or financial gain, are even more vital today."
Chariots of Fire opened in previews 9 May at London's Hampstead Theatre, and officially opened there on 22 May. It transferred to the Gielgud Theatre in the West End on 23 June, where it ran through 5 January 2013. The producers have announced plans to tour the production in 2013/14.
- Jack Lowden – Eric Liddell, the devout son of Scottish missionaries to China
- James McArdle – Harold Abrahams, a Jewish student at Cambridge University
- Tam Williams – Lord Andrew Lindsay, a Cambridge student runner, partially based on Lord Burghley and Douglas Lowe
- Mark Edel-Hunt – Aubrey Montague, a runner and friend of Harold Abrahams
- Nickolas Grace – Master of Trinity College at Cambridge University
- Simon Williams – Master of Caius College at Cambridge University
- Nicholas Woodeson – Sam Mussabini, Britain's greatest running coach
- Natasha Broomfield – Jennie Liddell, Eric's devout sister
- Savannah Stevenson – Sybil Evers, Harold Abrahams' fiancée
- Antonia Bernath – Florence Mackenzie, Eric Liddell's Canadian fiancée
- Matthew Pearson – Sandy McGrath, Liddell's friend and running coach
- David Newman – the Prince of Wales, who tries to get Liddell to change his mind about running on Sunday
Chariots of Fire is the inspirational true story of two great British athletes, outsiders who overcome prejudice and personal strife to compete in the 1924 Paris Olympics. Eric Liddell is a devout Scottish Christian who runs for the glory of God. Harold Abrahams is the son of an immigrant Lithuanian Jew who runs to overcome prejudice. The two young track athletes live for the purity and honour of running, and prevail in the face of enormous odds. The story begins in 1919, and climaxes in the heartbreaks and triumphs of the 1924 Paris Olympics.
The stage revival of the film was the inspiration of Hugh Hudson, who directed the 1981 film. He and fellow co-producer Barbara Broccoli, a film-industry magnate best known for the James Bond franchise, set about looking for the perfect director for the piece. Broccoli's involvement with Chariots of Fire extended back to 1980, when she introduced her friend Dodi Fayed to the screenplay, and he ended up co-financing the film and becoming its executive producer.
Hudson and Broccoli chose Edward Hall to helm the stage adaptation, based upon his clear and incisive view of all the challenges involved in adapting the athletics-heavy story to the stage. Hall recruited the award-winning playwright Mike Bartlett, based on his many successes including Earthquakes in London, to write the script for the play.
Set designer Miriam Buether transformed Hampstead Theatre into its very own stadium, giving the audience an immersive experience that evoked the 1924 Paris Olympics, including seating in the round around an Olympic track, and a double revolving stage. Buether also later transformed the Gielgud Theatre into an immersive stadium with a track running through the audience. And choreographer Scott Ambler reinvented and choreographed the various running scenes for maximum theatrical effect.
Scottish up-and-comer Jack Lowden was cast as Eric Liddell, on the strength of his glowingly reviewed, charismatic, and athletic performance as the main character Cammy in an international tour of the Olivier Award-winning play Black Watch. And RADA-trained James McArdle, with several classics under his belt, had most recently portrayed Robin Hood at the RSC, and was chosen to play Harold Abrahams.
Rehearsals for the actors portraying athletes incorporated grueling training, including lengthy runs, with a British Military Fitness instructor. And when stars Jack Lowden and James McArdle discovered they live on the same London street, they began running to rehearsals in addition to the required group training.
Differences from the film
In the 1981 film, screenwriter Colin Welland anchored the period story to the present by opening with Harold Abrahams' 1978 memorial service. In Mike Bartlett's 2012 play, the story is anchored to the present by beginning the piece with 15 modern athletes doing a warm-up, "which turns into a training session, which suddenly evolves into Lord Lindsay and Harold Abrahams.”
Bartlett also used theatrical techniques to allow the play to "tell two stories at the same time, and show links between them and metaphors and parallels", using the Eric Liddell story to talk about Harold Abrahams and using Harold to talk about Eric. The play contains more meetings between Liddell and Abrahams than there were in the film, and also more humour. In contrast to the film, the play has Abrahams struggling with, in addition to anti-Semitism, thoughts of his estranged and never-present father.
Director Edward Hall stated that, in addition, “In theatre you can take components of the story and analyse them narratively in different ways. So you can stretch or freeze a moment in a race.... it gives you more freedom.” Astute staging, he noted, can convey all of the various emotions that take place while running, and then finishing, a race.
And in contrast to the film, the play also introduces a female admirer for Eric Liddell: his real-life fiancée Florence Mackenzie, the daughter of Canadian missionaries to China. Also in the play, the very fit ensemble cast and extras are not only utilized for running and racing, but also are frequently employed in singing as well.
Libby Purves of The Times wrote that "even this grumpy Olymposceptic was brought to actual tears, moved to empathy and understanding by the fabulous theatricality of it." She called Edward Hall's staging "thrilling" and the play "irresistable", adding that "above all, it’s the sincerity: a full-blooded willingness to take the hearty morality, amateur spirit and patriotism at its own valuation without modish irony." Praising the main cast, Purves singled out Jack Lowden as "outstanding", and Nicholas Woodeson as "superb".
Quentin Letts in the Daily Mail deemed the play a "stirring production" and "thrilling", and gave it five stars, adding of the two leads that, "Both actors are splendid." Christopher Hart of the Sunday Times also gave the play five stars, declaring it "a bravura version of the 1981 movie". "It's Edward Hall’s staging that’s the real winner" he wrote, describing the running sequences as "pure exhilaration". He summed up the play as "a joyful antidote to the modern Olympics", "a real summer high", and "surely one of the great treats of the summer".
Ian Shuttleworth in the Financial Times praised Edward Hall's "considerable adroitness" in directing what he deemed "a fine Olympic-season project". He also admired Bartlett's script in that "[h]e utilises the stage’s greater ability to open up to the protagonists’ inner voices, showing Abrahams’ preoccupation with his never-present father and in particular Liddell’s devout brand of muscular Christianity ...." Michael Billington of The Guardian praised "Edward Hall's bravura production" and Miriam Buether's "brilliant" set. He also noted approvingly that Hall's "kaleidoscopic pageant" of a play is bound together by music, including Gilbert and Sullivan numbers, Scottish bagpipes, a medley of British folk tunes, and the iconic Vangelis theme.
Andrzej Lukowski of Time Out wrote, "This lavish stage adaptation ... is about as close to a West End musical as it's possible to get without in fact being one", citing the frequent Gilbert and Sullivan hits, the impressive stadium set, the 21-strong ensemble cast, and the stylized running choreography. Lukowski praised Bartlett for his "funny, pithy and creative" script, and summarized the production by asserting it is "a spectacle".
The Independent noted that, in a play about competition, "what eventually emerges as the really engaging battle of wills is that of Abrahams and Liddell versus the British Establishment – ironic, as they each strive to shine for king and country." And The Observer opined that "[Hall's] fantastically enjoyable production of Chariots of Fire is a triumph of will that is in keeping with the spirit of the story it tells.... This is an unmissable theatrical offering in the year of the London Olympics."
Many reviewers commented on the intense, often breathless, physicality of the production. The high-speed running around the perimeter of the auditorium and through the audience reminded some of Starlight Express, and Mark Lawson on BBC Radio 4's Front Row evoked the recent hit play War Horse as a comparison to the Chariots play, adding that "It's such an unusual theatre show!"
Henry Hitchings in The Evening Standard deemed the play a "stirring crowd-pleaser" and "a potently realised spectacle", concluding that while "undeniably bombastic fare", "energy and conviction make Chariots of Fire a satisfying experience." In The Stage, Mark Shenton echoed other reviews regarding the high-energy, intriguingly staged production. He emphasized in addition that "the meat of the drama" is the "gripping human confrontation being played out at its centre, in which two young men from very different backgrounds ... are drawn into competition with each other but also a bigger one with themselves and what truly matters to each." Shenton concluded that the play "succeeds on its own terms to provide what is sure to be a huge popular theatrical success."
- Producers: Hugh Hudson, Barbara Broccoli
- Director: Edward Hall
- Playwright: Mike Bartlett
- Set Designer: Miriam Buether
- Original Music: Vangelis
- Choreography: Scott Ambler
- Additional Music: Jason Carr
- "Cast Announced for Hampstead Theatre's Chariots of Fire; Opens May 9". Broadway World. 2 April 2012.
- Girvan, Andrew. "Black Watch's Lowden plays Eric Liddell in Chariots of Fire". What's On Stage. 9 March 2012.
- Chariots of Fire – Hampstead Theatre
- "Chariots of Fire Stage Play Music: A Possible Release?" Elsewhere: The Independent Vangelis Website. 25 May 2012.
- Twitter: Chariots Tweeter, 16 April 2012, 18 April 2012 17 May 2012.
- Rees, Jasper. "Chariots of Fire: The British Are Coming... Again". The Telegraph. 3 May 2012.
- Billington, Michael. "Chariots of Fire – Review: Hampstead Theatre, London". The Guardian. 22 May 2012.
- Jury, Louise. "Theatre to Run Chariots of Fire with Vangelis Tracks". London Evening Standard. 30 January 2012.
- Chariots of Fire. View London. (Accessed 12 May 2012)
- Rees, Jasper. "Chariots of Fire Is Coming!" The Arts Desk. 18 April 2012.
- "Chariots of Fire to close early in West End". BBC News. 4 January 2013
- Nikkhah, Roya. "Director Hugh Hudson and His Wife Maryam d'Abo Speak of Their New Film Inspired by the Illness That Nearly Killed Her". The Telegraph. 27 May 2012.
- Jury, Louise. "Chariots of Fire Will Run in West End... to Honour Dodi Fayed". London Evening Standard. 19 April 2012.
- Syed, Matthew. "When Sport Was Fun: Chariots of Fire Is Back". The Times. 28 April 2012.
- Lawson, Mark. "A 360-Degree History of the Theatre Revolve". The Guardian. 29 May 2012.
- Midweek: Libby Purves interview with Jack Lowden. BBC Radio 4. 30 May 2012.
- Gardner, Lyn. "Chariots of Fire: This One Will Run and Run". The Guardian. 6 May 2012.
- Kay, Richard. "Troubled Sophie Anderton Single Again". Daily Mail. 27 May 2012.
- "Jack Fired Up as he Follows in Flying Footsteps of Olympics Legend Liddell". Southern Reporter. 21 May 2012.
- Shuttleworth, Ian. "Chariots of Fire, Hampstead Theatre, London". Financial Times. 23 May 2012.
- Hemming, Sarah. "Chariots of Fire Comes to the Stage". The Financial Times. 5 May 2012.
- Geiser, Lauren. "A Pre-Olympics Blaze of Glory in Chariots of Fire at Hampstead". Camden New Journal. 24 May 2012.
- "Review Round-Up: Chariots of Fire Takes the Silver". What's On Stage. 24 May 2012.
- Masters, Tim. "Chariots of Fire Play Limbers Up for West End Run". BBC News. 23 May 2012.
- "News". HampsteadTheatre.com. (accessed 25 May 2012)
- Twitter: Hampstead Theatre. 29 May 2012.
- Purves, Libby. "Chariots of Fire at the Hampstead Theatre". The Times. 24 May 2012. (paywall)
- "4 Stars from The Times for Chariots of Fire". HampsteadTheatre.com. 24 May 2012. (Excerpt of The Times review by Libby Purves, 24 May 2012)
- Letts, Quentin. "Chariots of Fire: Gold Medals All Round for this Adaptation of the Celebrated Film". Daily Mail. 22 May 2012. Revised and reprinted 24 May 2012 as "Chariots of Fire Is a Flaming Fantastic Adaptation of Hit Film".
- Hart, Christopher. "Chariots of Fire, Hampstead Theatre" The Sunday Times. 27 May 2012. (paywall)
- "5 Stars from The Sunday Times for Chariots of Fire" HampsteadTheatre.com. 27 May 2012. (Excerpt of The Sunday Times review by Christopher Hart, 27 May 2012).
- Lukowski, Andrzej. "Chariots of Fire". Time Out London. 23 May 2012.
- Bassett, Kate. "Chariots of Fire, Hampstead Theatre, London; Children's Children, Almeida, London; In the Next Room (The Vibrator Play), Ustinov Studio, Bath". The Independent. 27 May 2012.
- Kellaway, Kate. "Chariots of Fire; Posh; Children's Children – Review". The Observer. 26 May 2012.
- Coveny, Michael. "Chariots of Fire". What's On Stage. 23 May 2012.
- Lawson, Mark. Front Row. BBC Radio 4. 23 May 2012.
- Hitchings, Henry. "Chariots of Fire, Hampstead Theatre - Review". Evening Standard. 23 May 2012.
- Shenton, Mark. "Chariots of Fire". The Stage. 23 May 2012.
- Official website at Hampstead Theatre
- Official website at Gielgud Theatre (archived)
- Cast and crew biographies
- Photo gallery from Playbill