Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda

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Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda
Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda.jpg
Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda
Born (1730-06-29)29 June 1730
Died 22 December 1822(1822-12-22) (aged 92)
Dublin, Ireland
Buried at Drogheda, Ireland
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1744–1797
Rank Field Marshal
Battles/wars Jacobite risings
Campaign against the Whiteboys
Awards Knight of the Order of St Patrick

Field Marshal Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda KP, PC (Ire) (29 June 1730 – 22 December 1822[1]), styled Viscount Moore from 1752 until 28 October 1758, was a British peer and military officer. He bore the colours of his regiment at the Battle of Culloden in April 1746 during the Jacobite risings and later commanded the 18th Light Dragoons during operations against the Whiteboys in Ireland. He also sat as Member of Parliament in the Irish House of Commons and, having served as Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, he went on to become Master-General of the Irish Ordnance.

Career[edit]

Born the son of Edward Moore, 5th Earl of Drogheda and Sarah Moore (daughter of Brabazon Ponsonby, 1st Earl of Bessborough),[2] Moore joined the Army in 1744 as a cornet in the 12th Dragoons,[3] and bore the colours at the Battle of Culloden in April 1746 during the Jacobite risings.[4] He was promoted captain in 1750 and reached the rank of major in 1752 and the rank of brevet lieutenant-colonel on 18 January 1755.[3]

In 1757 Moore became Member of Parliament for St Canice.[5] He held the seat until he succeeded as 6th Earl of Drogheda following the death of his father at sea while travelling from England to Dublin in October 1758.[4] He was also elected Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland in 1758, a post he held for the next two years.[6] He became Governor of County Meath in January 1759 and lieutenant-colonel commandant of the 19th (later 18th) Light Dragoons on 7 December 1759.[4]

Promoted to brevet colonel of dragoons on 19 February 1762,[7] Moore became honorary colonel of his regiment on 3 August 1762.[8] He commanded the 18th Light Dragoons during operations against the Whiteboys in Ireland which started in 1762.[5] He became Chief Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland in 1763, Governor of Kinsale and Charles Fort in 1765[9] and a Lord Justice of Ireland in 1766.[5] He commissioned Moore Abbey as his country home in 1767[10] and was appointed Custos Rotulorum of King's County in 1766 and Custos Rotulorum of Queen's County in 1769, both offices for life.[4] [11]

Promoted to major-general on 30 April 1770,[12] Moore became Master-General of the Irish Ordnance and colonel-in-chief of the Royal Irish Artillery in 1770.[4] He became Member of Parliament for Horsham in 1776,[5] and having been promoted to lieutenant-general on 29 August 1777,[13] he was appointed one of the Founder Knights of the Order of St. Patrick on 17 March 1783.[14]

Created Marquess of Drogheda in the Peerage of Ireland in July 1791[15] in recognition of the support he had given the Government, Moore was promoted to full general on 12 October 1793.[16] He was appointed one of the joint Postmasters General of Ireland in 1797.[17][18] In January 1801, he was made Baron Moore, of Moore Place in the County of Kent, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom.[19]

The Battle of Culloden at which Moore bore the colours of his regiment into battle

Moore served as Muster-Master-General in Ireland from May to November 1807 and was promoted to field marshal on 17 July 1821, aged 91.[20] He was an important patron of the artist William Ashford.[21] He died in Dublin on 22 December 1821 and was buried at St Peter's Church in Drogheda.[5]

Family[edit]

Moore married Lady Anne Seymour-Conway, the daughter of Francis Seymour-Conway, 1st Marquess of Hertford, on 15 February 1766. They had eight children, including Charles Moore, 2nd Marquess of Drogheda, Henry, father of the 3rd and last Marquess, and Elizabeth, Countess of Westmeath.[18] His wife's family had a tradition of mental illness, which may have a bearing on the fact that their elder son went insane.[22]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The year is sometimes given as 1821. The Annual Biography for 1823 suggests the year was 1822, his remains arriving in Ireland in January 1823.
  2. ^ Cracroft-Brennan, Patrick. "Drogheda, Earl of (I, 1661)". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b Drummond, Mary M. "Moore, Charles, 6th Earl of Drogheda [I] (1730-1822)". The History of Parliament: The House of Commons 1754-1790, volume III (London, 1964). p. 160. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Dunlop, Robert (2004). "Moore, Charles, first marquess of Drogheda (1730–1822)", rev. Roger T. Stearn". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e Heathcote, p. 222
  6. ^ Waite, p. 400
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 10190. p. 1. 13 March 1762. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  8. ^ Philippart, John. "The Royal Military Calendar, third edition, volume I (London, 1820)". p. 280. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  9. ^ Beatson, Robert (1806). A Politician Index to the Histories of Great Britain and Ireland, volume III. p. 349. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  10. ^ "Moore of Moore Abbey - Earls of Drogheda". Turtle Bunbury. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  11. ^ "Charles [Moore], 6th Earl of Drogheda later 1st Marquess of Drogheda, KP PC". Cracroft's Peerage. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  12. ^ The London Gazette: no. 11039. p. 1. 5 May 1770. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  13. ^ The London Gazette: no. 11802. p. 2. 2 September 1777. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  14. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12424. p. 2. 18 March 1783. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  15. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13322. p. 387. 2 July 1791. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  16. ^ The London Gazette: no. 13582. p. 913. 15 October 1793. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  17. ^ "Moore, Charles, 6th Earl of Drogheda [I] (1730-1822)". Members Biographies. The History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Charles Moore, 1st Marquess of Drogheda". thepeerage.com. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  19. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15327. p. 55. 10 January 1801. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  20. ^ The Edinburgh Gazette: no. 2929. p. 203. 24 July 1821. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
  21. ^ "A mountainous lake landscape with travellers on a path in the foreground and boats on the lake beyond: Attributed to William Ashford". Christie's. 3 December 2008. Retrieved 15 June 2014. 
  22. ^ Hyde, p. 157

Sources[edit]

  • Heathcote, Tony (1999). The British Field Marshals, 1736–1997: A Biographical Dictionary. Barnsley: Leo Cooper. ISBN 0-85052-696-5. 
  • Hyde, Montgomery (1959). The Strange Death of Lord Castlereagh. William Heinemann. ASIN B0006D8FGC. 
  • Waite, Arthur Edward (2007). A New Encyclopedia of Freemasonry. vol. I. Cosimo Inc. ISBN 1-60206-641-8. 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Ireland
Preceded by
Richard Dawson
Hervey Morres
Member of Parliament for St Canice
1757–1759
With: Richard Dawson
Succeeded by
Richard Dawson
Eland Mossom
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
James Wallace
Jeremiah Dyson
Member of Parliament for Horsham
1776–1780
With: James Wallace
Succeeded by
James Wallace
Viscount Lewisham
Masonic offices
Preceded by
Lord Newtown-Butler
Grandmaster of the Grand Lodge of Ireland
1758–1760
Succeeded by
The Earl of Charleville
Political offices
Preceded by
William Gerard Hamilton
Chief Secretary for Ireland
1764–1765
Succeeded by
Viscount Beauchamp
Peerage of Ireland
New creation Marquess of Drogheda
1791–1822
Succeeded by
Charles Moore
Preceded by
Edward Moore
Earl of Drogheda
1758–1822
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Moore
1801–1822
Succeeded by
Charles Moore