Christianity in the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the majority religion, followed by about 96% of the population. Denominations include Protestant (including Kimbanguism) 39%, Roman Catholic 50%, Orthodox 0.1%, and other Christian 7%.
Christianity in the Democratic Republic of Congo has a unique history to the rest of Sub-Saharan Africa. Christianity's presence predates the Scramble for Africa, having first arrived in the Kingdom of Kongo in 1491, brought by Portuguese explorers. Nzinga Mbemba Affonso, a provincial chief who became a convert to Christianity, became Manikongo in 1506 and reigned as Alfonso I, and embarked on a modernization campaign that involved converting the population to Christianity.