Christianity in Singapore

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Christians in Singapore constitute approximately 18.3% of the population.[1] In 2000, about one-third of the country's Christians identified as Catholic and the two-thirds as 'Other Christians' (chiefly Protestants).[2]

History[edit]

Christianity in Singapore first started after Sir Stamford Raffles established Singapore as a British colony. Within half a year, Protestant missionaries arrived to set up a local ministry.[citation needed] The first Roman Catholic priest came in December 1821 to look into the feasibility of opening a missionary station, and celebrated the first Mass.

The colonial administration adopted an official policy of neutrality and non-interference regarding religion. Missionaries established churches and Christian ministries on the island. They also set up welfare organisations and many missionary schools which are well regarded for their high quality education today.[citation needed]

Local-born church leaders gradually took over the running of their ministries. Theological colleges were established to produce the next generation of leaders, and more churches and Christian organisations were set up, resulting in an increase in the proportion of Christians in Singapore today. The percentage of Christians among Singaporeans increased from 12.7% in 1990 to 14.6% in 2000.[3] whilst the latest census as of 2010 has showed the Christian population increased again, to 18.3%. [4]

Denominations[edit]

Catholic (Roman)[edit]

The Roman Catholic population in Singapore generally consists of Eurasians (majority of Portuguese ancestry), Chinese (including Peranakans), Filipinos and Indians. There are 31 Roman Catholic parishes in Singapore, each administering to a particular district in Singapore.[5]

The Cathedral of the Good Shepherd is the oldest Roman Catholic church in Singapore.

Singapore has a Roman Catholic Archdiocese headed by Archbishop William Goh who presides at the Cathedral of the Good Shepherd. The Holy Mass in Singapore is celebrated in numerous vernacular tongues, including English, Mandarin, Hokkien, Teochew, Tamil, Malayalam, Tagalog and Korean (at the Cathedral of the Good Shepherd). Malay is seldom used.

Peranakan Roman Catholics are generally concentrated in the Church of the Holy Family in Katong; whilst St. Joseph's Church along Victoria street is a cultural base for Portuguese Eurasians. Roman Catholic parishes in the 18th to early 19th centuries were initially setup along racial and cultural lines by various Roman Catholic missionary groups from Europe.

Various Roman Catholic parishes in Singapore are actively involved in social services such as welfare homes, the opening of soup kitchens as well as missionary trips to place like Indonesia and the Philippines. There is also the Catholic Medical Guild, and other Roman Catholic lobby groups that are based in the Church of St Peter & Paul parish grounds. They are also currently supporting the creation of Neighbourhood Christian Communities (NCC) in order to organise and gather the Roman Catholic communities within their neighbourhoods.[6]

Eastern Catholics[edit]

A fledgling Greek-Catholic community, dependent on the Ukrainian Greek-Catholic bishop of Melbourne, is also present.

Eastern and Oriental Orthodox[edit]

The Armenian Church is the oldest Christian church in Singapore.

Other Christian churches in Singapore include the old Armenian Church which has a church building but has had no resident clergy for many decades, the Coptic Orthodox Church which meets in the Armenian Church, and the Syrian Orthodox Church; the latter two churches generally minister to the Coptic and Indian communities respectively. There is also a small but growing Eastern Orthodox congregation made up of ethnic Armenians, Egyptians, Greeks, Indians and Russians, constituting a small minority in the local Christian population.

Protestant[edit]

The majority of Christian churches are under the umbrella of the National Council of Churches of Singapore.[7] Most belong to Protestant traditions which consist of an array of denominations. The more prominent ones include the Assemblies of God, Anglican, Baptist, Church of Singapore, Plymouth Brethren, Lutheran, Methodist and Presbyterian churches.

Anglicanism is represented in Singapore by the Church of the Province of South East Asia, of which the Diocese of Singapore is responsible for 26 parishes within Singapore as well as six deaneries in other Southeast Asian countries.

Although the churches seem divided along denomination lines, many Christian ministries and congregations often organise events for the Christian community in general[citation needed].

Pentecostalism became a larger influence through the Charismatic Movement of the 1970s, but North American and Ceylon Pentecostal Mission missionaries (Pentecostal Church of Singapore) had been active from 1935.

Other than churches, there are several other Christian organisations in Singapore. These organisations include, Fei Yue Family Centres, Teen Challenge various community hospitals, and Beulah.[8]

Independent, Charismatic Movements[edit]

Main article: City Harvest Church

City Harvest Church is the centre of a scandal in Singapore, their pastors being accused of misusing church funds.[9] The church bases its values on Prosperity Theology.

Megachurches[edit]

Recently, megachurches such as Faith Community Baptist Church and New Creation Church have been successful in reaching out to youths and working adults. These churches usually have services in which songs are performed in contemporary style, which are seen as trendy by many youths.

Inter-Faith[edit]

Singapore is a society of diverse religious traditions. The Declaration of Religious Harmony, which was published in 2003, is a seminal document, which the National Council of Churches of Singapore supported and helped create. On September 3, 2008, the sociologist and Pentecostal pastor, Mathew Mathews, who was named a visiting fellow of the Sociology department at the National University of Singapore, interviewed 183 Singaporean clergy. From these interviews he formed the opinion that the Christian clergy in many parts of Singapore were wary of inter-faith dialogue. He claimed that nearly 50% of clergy believe that inter-faith dialogue compromises their own religious convictions. He presented his paper to the Institute of Public Studies (Singapore) in a forum they organised on September 2, 2008.[10][11]

Schools[edit]

Anglican schools[edit]

Methodist schools[edit]

Presbyterian schools[edit]

Roman Catholic schools[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census of Population 2010 Statistical Release 1 - Demographic Characteristics, Education, Language and Religion". Retrieved 2012-08-25. 
  2. ^ Dept. of Statistics, Ministry of Trade and Industry, Singapore (October 2001). Census of Population 2000: Statistical Release 2: Education, Language and Religion. Singapore: The Dept. Table 39 ("Resident Population Aged 15 Years and Over by Religion, Ethnic Group and Sex"). ISBN 981-04-4459-1. 
  3. ^ Sng, Bobby E.K. (2003). In His Good Time: The Story of the Church in Singapore 1819–2002 (3rd ed. ed.). Singapore: Bible Society of Singapore. p. 337. ISBN 981-220-286-2. 
  4. ^ "Better-educated S'pore residents look to religion". Jan 13, 2011. Retrieved Feb 26, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Archdiocese of Singapore: Catholic Churches". Catholic.org.sg. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  6. ^ "Neighbourhood Christian Communities (NCCs)". The Catholic News. Retrieved July 16, 2011. 
  7. ^ "National Council of Churches Singapore Website". National Council of Churches Singapore Website. 
  8. ^ "Breaking News - Singapore". The Straits Times. Retrieved 2012-08-05. 
  9. ^ Loh, Ronald. "CHC trial: Finance manager sloggeed to solve audit issues". The New Paper. Retrieved 11 November 2014. 
  10. ^ Li, Xueying. "Clergy 'Wary Of Inter-Faith Talks'", The Straits Times, 2008-09-23
  11. ^ [1][dead link]

External links[edit]