Clifton, Arizona

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Clifton, Arizona
Town
Old train depot, built 1913, now used by the Chamber of Commerce
Old train depot, built 1913, now used by the Chamber of Commerce
Location in Greenlee County and the state of Arizona
Location in Greenlee County and the state of Arizona
Coordinates: 33°2′26″N 109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083Coordinates: 33°2′26″N 109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083
Country United States
State Arizona
County Greenlee
Area
 • Total 15.0 sq mi (38.8 km2)
 • Land 14.9 sq mi (38.5 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.3 km2)
Elevation 3,478 ft (1,060 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 3,311
 • Density 220/sq mi (85/km2)
Time zone MST (no DST) (UTC-7)
ZIP code 85533
Area code(s) 928
FIPS code 04-14380

Clifton is a town in and the county seat of Greenlee County, Arizona, United States,[2] along the San Francisco River. The population of the town was 3,311 at the 2010 census.[1] It was a site of the Arizona Copper Mine Strike of 1983.

Clifton is part of the Safford Micropolitan Statistical Area. Clifton and Morenci, Arizona are considered to be an economic unit by the Arizona Department of Commerce.[3]

Geography and climate[edit]

Clifton is located at 33°2′26″N 109°18′3″W / 33.04056°N 109.30083°W / 33.04056; -109.30083 (33.040536, -109.300882).[4]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 15.0 square miles (39 km2), of which 14.9 square miles (39 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2), or 0.80%, is water. Clifton has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen BSh) that closely borders on both the hot desert climate and the cool semi-arid climate. Summers are very hot and sometimes humid, with most rainfall coming from the monsoon between July and October. The wettest year was 2004 with 28.49 inches (723.6 mm) including 6.97 inches (177.0 mm) in August, whilst the driest year with a full record was 1924 with only 4.85 inches (123.2 mm) including a mere 1.98 inches (50.3 mm) between July and October.[5] Winters are mild (though with very cold nights) and dry, with snow only recorded in fourteen years since 1892.[6]

Climate data for Clifton, Arizona (1971 to 2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 83
(28)
87
(31)
92
(33)
99
(37)
107
(42)
116
(47)
115
(46)
113
(45)
110
(43)
102
(39)
94
(34)
80
(27)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C) 60.4
(15.8)
65.5
(18.6)
71.5
(21.9)
79.5
(26.4)
88.0
(31.1)
98.1
(36.7)
99.4
(37.4)
96.8
(36)
91.9
(33.3)
81.3
(27.4)
68.3
(20.2)
60.0
(15.6)
80.06
(26.7)
Average low °F (°C) 31.6
(−0.2)
35.7
(2.1)
40.4
(4.7)
46.6
(8.1)
55.9
(13.3)
65.0
(18.3)
69.9
(21.1)
68.7
(20.4)
63.4
(17.4)
52.2
(11.2)
38.6
(3.7)
31.6
(−0.2)
49.97
(9.99)
Record low °F (°C) 4
(−16)
17
(−8)
22
(−6)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
30
(−1)
42
(6)
51
(11)
45
(7)
32
(0)
4
(−16)
12
(−11)
4
(−16)
Rainfall inches (mm) 1.10
(27.9)
1.04
(26.4)
0.86
(21.8)
0.32
(8.1)
0.42
(10.7)
0.36
(9.1)
1.99
(50.5)
2.30
(58.4)
1.48
(37.6)
1.25
(31.8)
0.87
(22.1)
1.30
(33)
13.29
(337.4)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 inch) 4.6 4.3 4.5 1.8 2.2 2.0 7.1 8.3 4.9 3.9 2.9 3.7 50.2
Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration[7]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 2,596 people, 919 households, and 685 families residing in the town. The population density was 174.8 people per square mile (67.5/km²). There were 1,087 housing units at an average density of 73.2 per square mile (28.3/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 67.10% White, 0.96% Black or African American, 2.27% Native American, 0.04% Asian, 26.73% from other races, and 2.89% from two or more races. 55.86% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

Historically, Clifton had populations of 2,840 in 1990 and 2,596 in 2000.[3]

There were 919 households out of which 41.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.4% were non-families. 22.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80 and the average family size was 3.27.

In the town the population was spread out with 32.3% under the age of 18, 7.7% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 109.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 105.0 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $39,786, and the median income for a family was $41,820. Males had a median income of $39,813 versus $19,485 for females. The per capita income for the town was $15,313. About 8.1% of families and 11.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.4% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Clifton is served by U.S. Route 191 and the Arizona Eastern Railway.

Sports[edit]

Clifton's direct rail link to Southern California was used by the Clifton Cricket team on August 19, 1906, when it visited Santa Monica to play the Santa Monica CC in two games which it lost (Sentance 2006, p. 192).[9] In November 1913, McGraw's New York Giants and Cominskey's White Socks, used the same rail-line to Los Angeles after playing a baseball exhibition game in Warren Stadium, Bisbee.[10]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau, 2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File: Arco, Idaho. From American FactFinder
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ a b Clifton-Morenci Community Profile at Arizona Department of Commerce
  4. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  5. ^ CLIFTON, ARIZONA: Monthly Total Precipitation (inches) - (021849)
  6. ^ CLIFTON, ARIZONA: Monthly Total Snowfall (Inches)
  7. ^ "Climatic Averages for the United States 1971-2000: CLIFTON, AZ". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2013-03-31. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ Sentance, David P. (2006). Cricket in America 1710-2000. North Carolina: McFarland.
  10. ^ Elfers, James E. (2003). The Tour to End All Tours: The Story of Major League Baseball's 1913-1914 World Tour. University of Nebraska Press.

External links[edit]

Media related to Clifton, Arizona at Wikimedia Commons