||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. (September 2013)|
Funny Picture Stories #1 (Nov, 1936). Comic Magazine Company.
|Publisher||Comics Magazine Company, Ultem
|First appearance||Funny Pages #6 and Funny Picture Stories #1; November 1936|
|Created by||George Brenner|
|Alter ego||Brian O'Brien|
The Clock is a fictional masked crime-fighter character created in 1936, during the Golden Age of Comic Books. According to the Overstreet Comic Book Price Guide, he was the first masked hero to appear in American comic books.
Created by cartoonist George Brenner, the Clock first appeared in two Comics Magazine Company publications: Funny Pages #6 and Funny Picture Stories #1 both cover-dated November 1936. His first appearances were in two-page features, with little room for character development. It was revealed that the Clock's secret identity was eventually disclosed as Brian O'Brien, a wealthy member of high society and former district attorney whose background in college sports prepared him for heroism.
The Clock may be a “missing link” between pulp and comic-book heroes. A hypnotist with a secret underground lair and his minimalist costume as a master of disguise was a three-piece suit and mask. The Clock used a number of gadgets (including a cane whose head becomes a projectile, and a diamond stud which fires tear gas), and customarily left a calling card with a clock face and "The Clock Has Struck".
The character appeared in Funny Pages #6–11 and other titles from the Comics Magazine Company, including Detective Picture Stories and Keen Detective Funnies. In 1937 the company was bought by Ultem, which encountered financial difficulties and sold the Clock (and other characters) to Quality Comics. Ultem was purchased and renamed Centaur Publications; despite the sale to Quality, Centaur continued to reprint old Clock stories.
The Clock continued to be written and drawn in new stories by Brenner in Feature Funnies (later retitled Feature Comics) from #3 (December 1937) through #31 (April 1940). Quality editor Will Eisner may have been inspired by this run of the Clock to create the Spirit. The Clock feature was moved to Crack Comics #1 (May 1940).
When Centaur sold the Clock to Quality, he acquired a sidekick. He was first assisted by Pat "Pug" Brady, a former boxer who looked exactly like Brian O'Brien; they met when picking each other's pockets in Crack Comics #1. Pug's disguise was even more minimal; consisting of a handkerchief worn like a bandanna. In his first story with the Clock, Pug discovered his secret identity and killed another character who made the same discovery.
In Crack Comics #21 Pug disappeared without explanation as the Clock, shot and crawled into a basement to die. A young girl, Butch Buchanan, was squatting in the basement and nursed him back to health. She became his "moll", and from issue #22 his costume was similar to that of the Spirit. The Clock alternated appearances on the cover of Crack Comics with the Black Condor until #19, continuing as a backup feature of that title until his final appearance in Crack Comics #35 (Autumn 1944).
After Quality Comics ceased operations in 1956, DC Comics acquired the rights to its characters. It did not renew the copyright for most of its characters (including the Clock), allowing them to fall into the public domain, and has not used the Clock apart from a few mentions. In the DC Universe, the Clock was initially said to have been killed in 1944 (the year of his final appearance). In Starman Vol. 2 #19 the Shade wrote in his journal, "Brian O'Brien told me the reports of his death were greatly exaggerated". In Starman #20 O'Brien was said to be active in Chicago, despite several Golden-Age references to his home city as a seaport.
In 1992 Malibu Comics published 20 issues of The Protectors, a superhero team including several characters from the Centaur line. In this universe, Brian O'Brien was the first costumed hero. With the advent of super-powered heroes, he gave up crimefighting and joined the army. O'Brien rose through the ranks, eventually becoming President of the United States.
In 2013 Dynamite Entertainment published an eight-issue miniseries, Masks, with several pulp and comic-book characters fighting the Justice Party (which has taken over New York State). In issue #7, Brian O'Brien is described as the shadowy figure behind the Party.
- On-Line Reprint of a Clock Adventure
- Eye-n-Apple's Golden Age Gallery page on the Clock
- The Clock at Don Markstein's Toonopedia. Archived from the original on April 13, 2012.