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For other uses, see Groot (surname) and de Groot.
For the mountain, see Hohgrat.
Gotg 2.jpg
Groot with Rocket Raccoon.
Art by Clint Langley.
Publication information
Publisher Marvel Comics
First appearance Tales to Astonish #13 (November 1960)
Created by Stan Lee
Jack Kirby
Dick Ayers
In-story information
Alter ego Groot
Species Flora colossus
Team affiliations Guardians of the Galaxy
S.H.I.E.L.D. Paranormal Containment Unit
Notable aliases Monarch of Planet X
Abilities Can absorb wood to feed, rebuild himself, and to enhance his strength
Control trees
Resistance to fire
Genius-level intellect

Groot (also known as the Monarch of Planet X) is a fictional character, a superhero that appears in comic books published by Marvel Comics. Created by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, and Dick Ayers, the character first appeared in Tales to Astonish #13 (November 1960). Groot is the Dutch and Afrikaans word for large. An extraterrestrial, sentient tree-like creature, Groot originally appeared as an invader that intended to capture humans for experimentation.

The character was reconfigured into a heroic, noble being in 2006, and appeared in the crossover comic book storyline "Annihilation: Conquest". He went on to star in its spin-off series, Guardians of the Galaxy, joining the team of the same name. Groot has been featured in a variety of associated Marvel merchandise, including a feature in the Ultimate Spider-Man series and played a very brief role in the Uncanny X-Men series, animated television series, toys, and trading cards. Vin Diesel portrays Groot in the 2014 film Guardians of the Galaxy via voice acting and Krystian Godlewski plays the character on set via performance capture.

Publication history[edit]

Groot first appeared in Tales to Astonish #13 (Nov. 1960), and was created by Stan Lee, Jack Kirby, and Dick Ayers.[1] He appeared again in The Incredible Hulk Annual #5 (Oct. 1976), alongside five other monsters from Marvel's anthology horror comics of the late 1950s and early 1960s. In The Sensational Spider-Man #-1 (July 1997), Groot was featured in a nightmare of the young Peter Parker.

Groot reappeared in 2006 in the six issue limited series Nick Fury's Howling Commandos, and appeared in the Annihilation: Conquest and Annihilation: Conquest - Star-Lord limited series. Groot went on to join the Guardians of the Galaxy in the series of the same name, and remained a fixture of the title until its cancellation with issue #25 in 2010. He appeared in its follow-up, the limited series The Thanos Imperative, and, alongside fellow Guardian Rocket Raccoon, Groot starred in backup features in Annihilators #1-4 (March–June 2011) and Annihilators: Earthfall #1-4 (Sept.-Dec. 2011).

Groot appeared in issues #6-8 of Avengers Assemble as a member of the Guardians. He is one of the stars of Guardians of the Galaxy vol. 3, a part of the Marvel NOW! relaunch.[2]

Fictional character biography[edit]

Groot is an extraterrestrial plant monster who initially came to Earth seeking humans to capture and study. He was seemingly destroyed by termites used by Leslie Evans.[3] Xemnu made a duplicate of Groot that was used to fight the Hulk but it was destroyed in the battle.[4] Groot was later revealed to have survived, but was a captive of the Collector and held in his zoo under Canada until he and the other captive creatures were freed by the Mole Man; Groot and the other creatures rampage in New York City until they are stopped by a band of superheroes, and are dumped through a portal to the Negative Zone.[5] Groot was later tracked down and captured by S.H.I.E.L.D.'s Paranormal Containment Unit, nicknamed the Howling Commandos.[6] While Groot was being held captive, Gorilla-Man talked to Groot about joining the Howling Commandos.[7] When Merlin and his forces attacked the base, the Howling Commandos let Groot and their other captives free and they stampeded Merlin's army; Groot was the only one to turn back and offered to join the Howling Commandos.[8] Groot aided the Howling Commandos as they assaulted Merlin's forces.[9]


Groot is a Flora Colossus from Planet X, the capital of the branch worlds. The Flora Colossi are tree-like beings whose language is almost impossible to understand due to the stiffness of their larynxes, causing their speech to sound like they are repeating the phrase "I am Groot". Other beings try to be friendly by asking for help but become angry with the Flora Colossi for not being able to speak. Groot was shown to be capable of speaking not just understandably but eloquently throughout Annihilation: Conquest. The Flora Colossi are ruled over by the "Arbor Masters" and teach the children of the species with "Photonic Knowledge", which is the collected knowledge of the Arbor Masters of the generations and is absorbed through photosynthesis; this is a highly advanced education method, making the Flora Colossi geniuses. Planet X's biome is managed by "Maintenance Mammals" which are small squirrel-like beings.[volume & issue needed]

The Flora Colossus sapling that would come to be known as "Groot" came from an "Enobled Sap-line" and gifted with a tremendous grasp of quasi-dimensional super-positional engineering. Groot did not get along with his fellow saplings but instead preferred the company of the "Maintenance Mammals", which the other saplings treated with prejudice. After Groot killed another sapling to defend a maintenance mammal it was brutalizing, he was exiled by the "Arbor Masters".[volume & issue needed]

Annihilation and Guardians of the Galaxy[edit]

Groot played a part in Annihilation: Conquest, at which time he may be the last remaining member of his race and was under arrest by the Kree for an unknown reason. He earned his freedom by joining Star-Lord's strike force where he formed a bond with Rocket Raccoon, who has the ability to understand Groot's language.[10] Starlord's team fought their way through the Phalanx, but after the death of Deathcry the team decided to escape through a drainage pipe that Groot could not fit into. Groot seemingly died buying his team some time to escape the battle.[11] He survived as a sprig offshoot. He accompanied the team on their continued mission against the Phalanx, but was one of the team members captured by the Phalanx.[12] Groot and the others were freed by Mantis, and escaped back to the lines of the Kree resistance. In time, he regenerated his body from the twig, growing back to full size. Groot and the others intended to carry on as part of Starlord's team.[13] Groot and the team returned to Hala to prepare another assault against the Phalanx, but their agent Blastaar was captured by the Phalanx and taken to their Babel Spire as he tried to carry Groot's pollen spores.[14] Groot and Rocket Racoon continued their mission by sneaking into the sub-basement of the Babel Spire.[15] When Starlord was captured by Ultron, the original plan of laying explosives in the Spire failed, so Rocket Raccoon and Groot needed to come up with a new plan.[16] Groot decided to sprout inside the Spire, growing to colossal size and filling a large portion of the building. Mantis was able to remix his sap in a way as to make it extremely flammable, and again Groot sacrificed his life for his friends, igniting himself, the resulting fire destroying the Babel Spire.[17] A cutting of Groot was kept by Rocket Raccoon, though, and he was able to regrow.[18] He then joined the new Guardians of the Galaxy (or as Groot would have it "Groot and Branches"), and began regrowing under the care of Mantis.[19][20]

During his time with the Guardians of the Galaxy, Groot took part in all of the team's missions acting as its "muscle", taking on threats such as the Badoon,[volume & issue needed] Blastaar,[volume & issue needed] the Negative Zone forces,[volume & issue needed] the Shi'Ar,[volume & issue needed] the Magus[volume & issue needed] and The Cancerverse.[volume & issue needed] During the battle with the Badoon, a rising threat in the galaxy, Groot aided the team by destroying a first generation Badoon "Monster", a giant mechanoid made from the corpses of the Badoon's fallen enemies.[volume & issue needed] Next, Groot played a pivotal part in the "War of Kings", a war between the Shi'Ar and the Inhuman/Kree where at the end of the war the Inhuman King of the Kree, Black Bolt, detonated his ultimate weapon — The Terrigen-Bomb.[volume & issue needed] The resulting explosion punched a hole in space/time known as The Fault: a doorway to a universe analogous to our own where there is no death — The Cancerverse.[volume & issue needed] The first creature to come through was a giant squid that instinctively attacked the Inhuman city of Attilan.[volume & issue needed] Groot came up with the idea for a weapon to use on the creature and with the help of the Inhuman prince, Maximus; using highly advanced quantum science, Groot and Maximus developed a Feedback Loop, which uncreates the creature's reality and reimposes our own, unmaking the creature.[volume & issue needed]

Following this attack, Groot fought the Magus, the Avatar of Life and an agent of the Many-Angled Ones, rulers of the Cancerverse, where he lost his arm in battle.[volume & issue needed] Groot was able to grow that back very quickly.[volume & issue needed] He then accompanied the Guardians to the capital planet of the Universal Church of Truth (U.C.T.) where he helped protect Moondragon from attacking U.C.T. followers.[volume & issue needed] He then battled Thanos alongside the Guardians after Thanos woke from death.[volume & issue needed] Groot then helped the Guardians infiltrate the Cancerverse, taking on the Defenders of the Realm, the Cancerverse version of the Avengers.[volume & issue needed] Groot was present during the final battle between Lord Mar-Vell and Thanos.[volume & issue needed]

When the Guardians reformed, he joined with Star-Lord, Rocket Raccoon, Drax the Destroyer and Gamora, whom Groot counted among his friends.[21]

Powers and abilities[edit]

Groot can absorb wood as food, with the ability to rebuild himself and enhance his strength. He can control trees, using them to attack others, and appears to be resistant to fire. He is able to sprout, dramatically increasing his mass but also severely inhibiting his movement.

Groot has been seemingly killed on three occasions, each time regrowing from a sprig.

Due to Groot's lineage, coming from an ancient and ennobled sap-line and being the scion of an elite royal house, Groot has received the finest education from the most gifted of tutors. He is highly intelligent and has a tremendous grasp of quasi-dimensional super-positional engineering.

Maximus the Mad, Black Bolt's brother, asserted that whenever Groot is saying his trademark "I am Groot!" he has actually been saying any number of things, and his varying inflections of the sentence are his equivalent of words and sentences. People who have interacted with Groot are gradually able to decipher the meaning of the inflections and can carry on full conversations with him as time goes on. The mature form of Groot's species is robust and heavyweight, which causes the organs of acoustic generation to become stiff and inflexible. It is this hardened nature of Groot's larynx that causes people, who are oblivious to the subtle nuances of his speech, to misinterpret him as merely repeating his name. It could not be determined whether Maximus' claim was true or merely another manifestation of his madness, though Groot did genuinely seem to be assisting Maximus with highly advanced engineering.[22] Later, in All New X-Men #23, Jean Grey telepathically links with Groot, showing that his thought processes are indeed complex, and his declaration of "I am Groot!" usually represents attempts at highly intelligent communication.[23]

In other media[edit]


  • Groot appears in the Ultimate Spider-Man episode "Guardians of the Galaxy", voiced by Michael Clarke Duncan.[25] Duncan's work in this episode was completed shortly before his death in 2012 from a heart attack and the episode was dedicated in his memory. Groot is first seen in stick form as he kept saying "I am Groot." When Spider-Man throws Groot, he grows to full size and defeats Korvac and some of the Chitauri soldiers. In the final parts of the episode, two irises open up as Groot quotes "I am Groot" and Spider-Man quotes "He is Groot." In "The Return of the Guardians of the Galaxy," Groot (now voiced by Kevin Michael Richardson) is with the Guardians of the Galaxy when they land on Earth to repair their spaceship at the same time when Titus was leading the Chitauri army into targeting Nova's helmet. While on Earth, Groot blended in by posing as a tree in front of Aunt May's house.


Groot in a character poster for the 2014 film Guardians of the Galaxy.
  • Groot appears in the 2014 Marvel Cinematic Universe film Guardians of the Galaxy, voiced by Vin Diesel (who performed the voice work for each language the movie was released in and also provided some motion capture elements for the character).[28][29][30] Although initially simply described as Rocket's hired muscle, he shows a softer side throughout the film, growing a flower to give to a little girl and saving Drax the Destroyer's life even after Drax's actions brought Ronan the Accuser's forces to them. He agrees with Peter Quill's plan to stand up to Ronan, and later seemingly sacrifices himself to save the rest of the team by enveloping them in a wooden ball grown from himself as Ronan's ship crashes. At the film's conclusion, Rocket has recovered a twig from Groot, which is shown to be re-growing into the adult Groot. When sacrificing himself, he actually speaks another phrase, "We are Groot", which implies a bond formed between the heroes, but contradicts the notion of his speech only sounding like "I am Groot" due to his inflexible larynx. Early in the film, Rocket explains that Groot hasn't really grasped speech, and his vocabulary only includes the phrase "I am Groot", thus changing the reason for the repeated line.

Video games[edit]


  • A Groot action figure was included with the Guardians of the Galaxy pack in 2011 part of the Marvel Universe toyline.
  • A Rocket Raccoon and Groot figure set with a "Dancing Baby Groot" will be released by Hot Toys.[33]
  • Funko released the "Dancing Groot Funko POP" vinyl figure on August 26, 2014.[34]

Collected editions[edit]

  • Rocket Raccoon & Groot: The Complete Collection collects the Groot story from Tales to Astonish #13, the Rocket Raccoon story from Marvel Preview #7, The Incredible Hulk #271, Rocket Raccoon #1–4, Annihilators #1–4, and Annihilators: Earthfall #1–4, 264 pages, April 2013, ISBN 978-0785167136


  1. ^ Christiansen, Jeff (March 10, 2011). "Groot". Appendix to the Handbook of the Marvel Universe. Archived from the original on November 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ Richards, Dave (October 14, 2012). "NYCC: Bendis, McNiven & Wacker Relaunch the Guardians of the Galaxy". Comic Book Resources. Archived from the original on December 6, 2013. Retrieved October 15, 2012. 
  3. ^ Lee, Stan (w), Kirby, Jack (p), Ayers, Dick (i). "I Challenged... Groot! The Monster from Planet X!" Tales to Astonish 13 (November 1960)
  4. ^ Claremont, Chris; Wein, Len (w), Buscema, Sal (p), Abel, Jack (i). "And Six Shall Crush the Hulk" The Incredible Hulk Annual 5 (October 1976)
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  6. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Francisco, Eduardo (p), Campanella, Robert (i). "Creature Feature" Nick Fury's Howling Commandos 2 (January 2006)
  7. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Aucoin, Derec (p), Aucoin, Derec (i). "Assault on Area 13" Nick Fury's Howling Commandos 4 (March 2006)
  8. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Donovan, Derec (p), Donovan, Derec (i). "Destroy All Monsters!" Nick Fury's Howling Commandos 5 (April 2006)
  9. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Norton, Mike (p), Aucoin, Derec; Lee, Norman (i). "I thought you said this was a precision science" Nick Fury's Howling Commandos 6 (May 2006)
  10. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Green II, Timothy (p), Olazaba, Victor (i). "Starlord Part 1" Annihilation: Conquest - Starlord 1 (September 2007)
  11. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Green II, Timothy (p), Olazaba, Victor (i). "Starlord Part 2" Annihilation: Conquest - Starlord 2 (October 2007)
  12. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Green II, Timothy (p), Olazaba, Victor (i). "Starlord Part 3" Annihilation: Conquest - Starlord 3 (November 2007)
  13. ^ Giffen, Keith (w), Green II, Timothy (p), Olazaba, Victor (i). "Starlord Part 4" Annihilation: Conquest - Starlord 4 (December 2007)
  14. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Raney, Tom (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "Together Alone" Annihilation: Conquest 2 (February 2008)
  15. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Raney, Tom (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "Together Alone" Annihilation: Conquest 3 (March 2008)
  16. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Raney, Tom (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "Hopeless" Annihilation: Conquest 4 (April 2008)
  17. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Raney, Tom (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "In the Flesh" Annihilation: Conquest 5 (May 2008)
  18. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Raney, Tom; Alves; Wellinton (p), Hanna, Scott (i). "Last Stand" Annihilation: Conquest 6 (June 2008)
  19. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Pelletier, Paul (p), Magyar, Rick (i). "Somebody's Got to Do It" Guardians of the Galaxy v2, 1 (July 2008)
  20. ^ Rogers, Vaneta (May 14, 2008). "Greeting the Guardians: Rocket Raccoon, Groot". Newsarama. Archived from the original on February 21, 2009. 
  21. ^ Bendis, Brian Michael (w), McNiven, Steve (p), Dell, John (i). "What exactly do you think you're doing, Mister Quill?"" Guardians of the Galaxy v3, 1 (May 2013)
  22. ^ Abnett, Dan; Lanning, Andy (w), Walker, Brad (p), Olazaba, Victor; Hanna, Scott (i). "Adam Magus" Guardians of the Galaxy v2, 17 (October 2009)
  23. ^ Bendis, Brian Michael (w), Immonen, Stuart (p), Von Grawbadger, Wade (i). "The Trial of Jean Grey Part 3 of 5" All-New X-Men 23 (April 2014)
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  34. ^ Dain, John (August 26, 2014). "Check out the Baby Groot POP Vinyl release". Archived from the original on August 26, 2014. "The Funko Dancing Baby Groot Funko POP Vinyl Figure" 

External links[edit]

  • Groot at the Comic Book DB