Coldstream

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Coordinates: 55°39′05″N 2°15′15″W / 55.65147°N 2.2542°W / 55.65147; -2.2542

Coldstream
Scottish Gaelic: An Sruthan Fuar
Scots: Caustrim
River Tweed at Coldstream.jpg
Coldstream Bridge over the River Tweed
Coldstream is located in Scottish Borders
Coldstream
Coldstream
 Coldstream shown within the Scottish Borders
Population 1,813 (2001)
OS grid reference NT841398
Civil parish Coldstream
Council area Scottish Borders
Lieutenancy area Berwickshire
Country Scotland
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town COLDSTREAM
Postcode district TD12
Dialling code 01890
Police Scottish
Fire Scottish
Ambulance Scottish
EU Parliament Scotland
UK Parliament Berwickshire, Roxburgh and Selkirk
Scottish Parliament Ettrick, Roxburgh and Berwickshire
List of places
UK
Scotland

Coldstream (Scottish Gaelic: An Sruthan Fuar , Scots: Caustrim) is a town and civil parish in the Scottish Borders area of Scotland.[1] It lies on the north bank of the River Tweed in Berwickshire, while Northumberland in England lies to the south bank, with Cornhill-on-Tweed the nearest village. A former burgh, Coldstream is the home of the Coldstream Guards, a regiment in the British Army, and is the location where Edward I of England invaded Scotland in 1296. At the 2001 census, the town had a population of 1,813, which was estimated to have risen to 2,050 by 2006.[2][3] The parish, in 2001, had a population of 2,186.[4]

In February 1316 during the Wars of Scottish Independence, Sir James Douglas defeated a numerically superior force of Gascon soldiery led by Edmond de Caillou at the Skaithmuir to the north of the town.

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Coldstream was a popular centre for runaway marriages, much like Gretna Green, as it lay on a major road (now the A697). Notable buildings in the town include the toll house where marriages were conducted, and The Hirsel, which is the family seat of the Earls of Home.

An imposing monument to Charles Marjoribanks, MP for Berwickshire, stands at the east end of the town, near the Coldstream Bridge.

Alec Douglas-Home, who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1963 to 1964, is buried in Coldstream.[5]

Each year, during the first week of August, Coldstream hosts a traditional "Civic Week" where it includes historical aspects of the town's history such as the Torchlight procession and horse-rides to the Battle of Flodden battlefield.

A history of the town has been published by Coldstream and District Local History Society, 'Second to None A History of Coldstream', 2009.

Books by Antony Chessell relating to the town and surrounding area are 'Coldstream Building Snippets Cans, Quoins and Coursers', 2010; 'The Braw Trees of Coldstream', 2011 and 'Leet Water From Source to Tweed', 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Online Scots Dictionary
  2. ^ "Comparative Population Profile: Coldstream Locality". Scotland's Census Results Online. 2001-04-29. Retrieved 2008-09-01. 
  3. ^ http://www.gro-scotland.gov.uk/statistics/publications-and-data
  4. ^ "Census 2001: Usual Resident Population: Civil Parish: Coldstream". Scotland's Census Results Online. General Register Office for Scotland. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Alec Douglas-Home (1903 - 1995) - Find A Grave Memorial