Controversies surrounding the Legion of Christ
Restricted work in dioceses
In the United States, bishops have barred or severely restricted the Legion and Regnum Christi in St Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota; Los Angeles, California; Richmond, Virginia; Fort Wayne-South Bend, Indiana; Columbus, Ohio; and Miami, Florida.
Since June 2008, Archbishop Edwin O'Brien of Baltimore has also begun to require greater oversight of the Legion in his archdiocese. He has particularly objected to its alleged practice of "blind allegiance", lack of "respect for human dignity for each of its members," and "heavily persuasive methods on young people, especially high schoolers, regarding vocations." He has since directed both groups to disclose all activities within the Archdiocese of Baltimore, and to refrain from spiritual direction with anyone under eighteen years of age. He has since mentioned[when?] that the Legionaries have fully complied with his orders.
Similar practices of Regnum Christi
Members of Regnum Christi, under supervision of the Legionaries, have organised various ministries, such as youth ministry and small faith communities, which complement the ministries of the local parishes. Archbishop Edwin O'Brien's request also called for greater "transparency and accountability" from the Legionaries and its lay arm Regnum Christi.
Legionary seminaries say that students are from a broad variety of backgrounds. The congregation's mission is to Christianize society through the formation and evangelization of leaders. The Regnum Christi Member Handbook states "The Movement understands that for this action to be most effective it must give Christian formation to and apostolically mobilize the men and women that exercise greater leadership in society, in its religious, cultural, intellectual, social, economic, human, artistic and other sectors."
The sexual scandal of the group's founder, Father Marcial Maciel, involved accusations that he sexually abused minors and fathered children. Marciel was a Mexican priest and the leader of the Legion of Christ for many decades. The scandal was linked with the wider series of Catholic sex abuse cases affecting the Catholic church. There were criticisms that investigations by church authorities were exceedingly slow, perhaps because Maciel was close to Pope John Paul II and had many well-placed connections amongst senior clergy.
In March, 2010, the Legion of Christ in a communique acknowledged that "reprehensible actions" by Maciel, including sexual abuse actually happened. The communique stated that "given the gravity of his faults, we cannot take his person as a model of Christian or priestly life." At first the Legion had denied allegations and since 2006 had not made an official statement one way or the other.
Cardinal Angelo Sodano's Nephew worked for the Legion of Christ during the construction of their new centre of Studies in Rome.
In August 2007, the Legion filed a lawsuit against ReGAIN, an organization founded by ex-Legionaries critical of Legion practices and its founder Marcial Maciel. The lawsuit alleges that written property of the Legion, including letters written by Maciel, and copies of unpublished principles and norms "intended only for dissemination and use by Legion members", were stolen and posted online "out of context... as part of a concerted effort to wage a malicious disinformation campaign against the Legion." The Legion has pled that the value of the alleged stolen property is "worth at least $750,000."
The president of ReGAIN has asserted that, to the best of his knowledge, "nothing was obtained improperly", and expressed the opinion that the lawsuit request for information on anonymous message board posters was an action "proving that the Legion is a cult which controls information, stifles freedom of expression and goes after dissenters."
The controversies stem from the order's late founder, Fr. Marcial Maciel. The Vatican has ordered an apostolic visitation of the institutions of the Legionaries of Christ following disclosures of sexual impropriety by Fr. Marcial Maciel. The announcement of the unusual investigation by the Vatican was posted on the Web site of the Legionaries of Christ March 31, 2009 along with the text of a letter informing the Legionaries of the Pope's decision.
On June 27, 2009, according to Vatican commentator, Sandro Magister, Vatican authorities named five bishops from five different countries, each one in charge of investigating the Legionaries in a particular part of the world. They are Bishops Ricardo Watti Urquidi of Mexico, Charles J. Chaput of the United States, Giuseppe Versaldi of Italy, Ricardo Ezzati Andrello of Chile, and Ricardo Blázquez Pérez, (es:Ricardo Blázquez) of Spain.
Formal denunciation of Maciel by the Vatican
On May 1, 2010 The Vatican said that the pope will name a delegate to review the Legionaries of Christ following revelations that the order's founder is suspected of abuse of minors and fathered at least three children. In a statement, the Vatican denounced the Rev. Marciel Maciel for creating a "system of power" that enabled him to lead an "immoral" double life "devoid of scruples and authentic religious sentiment." The Vatican issued the statement after Pope Benedict XVI met with five bishops who investigated the Legion to determine its future. The Vatican statement was remarkable in its tough denunciation of Maciel's crimes and deception.
The "very serious and objectively immoral acts" of Fr. Marcial Maciel, which were "confirmed by incontrovertible testimonies" represent "true crimes and manifest a life without scruples or authentic religious sentiment," the Vatican said. The Vatican said Fr. Marcial Maciel created a "mechanism of defense" around himself to shield him from accusations of abuse. "It made him untouchable," the Vatican said. The statement decried "the lamentable disgracing and expulsion of those who doubted" Maciel's virtue. Actions taken by the current Legion leadership will be scrutinized; but no specific sanctions were mentioned. The Vatican acknowledged the "hardships" faced by Maciel's accusers through the years when they were ostracized or ridiculed, and commended their "courage and perseverance to demand the truth."
As a result of the visitation, Benedict XVI named Archbishop (now Cardinal) Velasio De Paolis as the Papal Delegate to oversee the Legion and its governance, and review the constitutions on July 9, 2010.
- J. Filteau, "Minnesota archbishop bars Legionaries from his archdiocese"., Catholic News Service (December-22-2004)
- Diocese of Columbus. "Diocese of Columbus Bulletin for November 10, 2002". Retrieved August 28, 2006.
- S. Brewster, "Some critical of Cheshire order"., Connecticut Record-Journal (September 18, 2004)
- Miami Archdiocesan Website
- Allen, Jr., John Allen (2008-06-12). "Baltimore archbishop demands greater accountability from Legionaries of Christ". National Catholic Reporter.; Matysek, Jr., George P (2009-02-25). "Baltimore archbp concerned about Legionaries". National Catholic Reporter.; Allen, Jr., John Allen (2009-04-03). "Abolition of Legionaries should be 'on the table'". National Catholic Reporter.
- Where Are You From - Regnum Christi Live
- Forming Leaders - Regnum Christi Live
- Jose de Cordoba, de Cordoba, Jose (January 23, 2006). "With elite backing, Catholic order has pull in Mexico". Wall Street Journal., The Wall Street Journal (January 23, 2006)
- G. Renner, "Turmoil in Atlanta"., The National Catholic Reporter (November 3, 2000)
- Regnum Christi Member Handbook, #26.
- "Verified Complaint, Petition in Detinue for Pretrial Seizure and Application for Injunction" (PDF).
- The Blotter: Controversial Catholic Group Alleges Critics Stole Inside Info
- Daniela Deane, Deane, Daniela (September 6, 2007). "Outspoken Ex-Priest Sued Over Documents". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 30, 2010., The Washington Post (September 6, 2007)
- Vatican orders apostolic visitation of Legionaries of Christ
- Pope names envoy, commission to reform Legionaries
- Fr. Maciel guilty, 'profound' revision of Legion needed, report Apostolic Visitors
- Pope Benedict to Overhaul Legion of Christ
- Vatican orders overhaul in Mexico after investigation of sexual abuse - Los Angeles Times, May 1, 2010)
- Pope Benedict XVI Names Delegate for the Legion of Christ