Charles J. Chaput
|The Most Reverend
Charles Joseph Chaput
O.F.M. Cap., D.D.
|Archbishop of Philadelphia|
|Appointed||July 19, 2011|
|Installed||September 8, 2011|
|Predecessor||Justin Francis Rigali|
|Ordination||August 29, 1970
by Cyril John Vogel
|Consecration||July 26, 1988
by Pio Laghi
September 26, 1944 |
|Motto||As Christ Loved The Church|
|Coat of arms|
|Ordination history of Charles J. Chaput|
|Ordained by||Cyril John Vogel|
|Date of ordination||August 29, 1970|
|Principal consecrator||Pío Laghi|
|Co-consecrator||John Robert Roach|
|Co-consecrator||James Francis Cardinal Stafford|
|Date of consecration||July 26, 1988|
|José Horacio Gómez||January 23, 2001|
|James D. Conley||May 30, 2008|
|Paul Etienne||December 9, 2009|
|Lawrence Thomas Persico||October 1, 2012|
Charles J. Chaput
|Reference style||The Most Reverend|
|Spoken style||Your Excellency|
Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap. (pronounced "chap-you") (born September 26, 1944) is an American prelate of the Catholic Church. He is the ninth and current Archbishop of Philadelphia, installed on September 8, 2011. He previously served as Archbishop of Denver (1997–2011) and Bishop of Rapid City (1988–1997).
Chaput is a professed Capuchin and has a reputation for orthodoxy. A member of the Prairie Band Potawatomi tribe, he is the second Native American to be consecrated a bishop in the United States and the first Native American archbishop. His Potawatomi name is “the wind that rustles the leaves of the tree” while his Sioux name is “good eagle”.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Priesthood
- 3 Episcopal career
- 4 Views
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Charles Chaput was born in Concordia, Kansas, one of three children of Joseph and Marian Helen (née DeMarais) Chaput. His father was a French Canadian who was directly descended from the French saint King Louis IX. His mother was a Native American of the Prairie Band Potawatomi tribe; his maternal grandmother was the last member of the family to live on a reservation. Chaput himself was enrolled in the tribe at a young age, taking the name Pietasa ("rustling wind").
Chaput received his early education at Our Lady of Perpetual Help Grade School in Concordia, Kansas. Deciding to become a priest at the age of 13, he attended St. Francis Seminary High School in Victoria, Kansas.
In 1965, at age 21, Chaput entered the Order of Friars Minor Capuchin, a branch of the Franciscans, in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. In 1967, he graduated with a Bachelor of Arts degree in Philosophy from St. Fidelis College & Seminary in Herman, Pennsylvania.
In 1969, Chaput finished his studies in psychology at the Catholic University of America located in the nation's capital of Washington, D.C. In 1970, he earned a Master of Arts degree in Religious Education from Capuchin College also located in Washington, D.C.
Chaput was ordained to the priesthood by Bishop Cyril Vogel on August 29, 1970. He received a Master of Theology degree from the University of San Francisco in 1971. From 1971 to 1974, he was an instructor in theology and spiritual director at his alma mater, St. Fidelis College. He then served as executive secretary and director of communications for the Capuchin province in Pittsburgh until 1977, from which position he was appointed pastor of Holy Cross Church in Thornton, Colorado.
Chaput was elected vicar provincial for the Capuchin Province of Mid-America in 1977, later becoming secretary and treasurer for the province in 1980 and chief executive and provincial minister in 1983. He was among a group of Native Americans who greeted Pope John Paul II when the latter visited Phoenix, Arizona, during his 1987 trip to the United States.
Bishop of Rapid City
On April 11, 1988, Chaput was appointed Bishop of Rapid City, South Dakota, by Pope John Paul II. He was consecrated on the following July 26 by Archbishop Pio Laghi, with Archbishop John Roach and Archbishop James Stafford serving as co-consecrators. He thus became the second priest of Native American ancestry to be consecrated a bishop in the United States, after Donald Pelotte. He was the first Native American to be consecrated as an ordinary, rather than an auxiliary (or titular) bishop. He chose as his episcopal motto: "As Christ Loved the Church" (Ephesians 5:25).
Archbishop of Denver
On February 18, 1997, Chaput was appointed as the Metropolitan Archbishop of Denver, Colorado, after the then-Archbishop, James Francis Stafford, was transferred to the Vatican to be a member of the Roman Curia (first as the President of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, and then in the Church's appellate tribunal system as the Apostolic Penitentiary). In 2007, Archbishop Chaput gave the commencement address at Denver's Augustine Institute, a lay-run graduate school which he has actively supported.
Archbishop of Philadelphia
On July 19, 2011, Chaput was appointed as archbishop of the Archdiocese of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Chaput said, "I found out by a call from the Nuncio Pietro Sambi on Tuesday, July 5, about 11:45 in the morning here in Denver. I was getting ready to go to a staff luncheon when he called and informed me that the Holy Father (i.e., the Pope) had asked that I serve the Church as the Archbishop of Philadelphia. After talking with him for a while, and discussing what it meant, I said yes." He was installed as the archdiocese's ninth Archbishop on September 8, 2011. Asked why he thought he had been appointed, he said, "Perhaps it has to do with my record on those kinds of things, but I really don't know." On August 17–19, he gave catechesis at the World Youth Day 2011 in Madrid, Spain. similar to the function he performed at the 2008 World Youth Day in Sydney, Australia. He succeeded Cardinal Justin Francis Rigali, who had reached the canonical retirement age of 75 in April 2010. The archdiocese is scheduled to host the 2015 World Meeting of Families, which is expected to draw up to a million people and to bring Pope Francis to the U.S. for the first time in his pontificate. On November 14, 2014, at the fall meeting of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops, Chaput was elected as a delegate to the 2015 Synod of Bishops on the Family pending Vatican approval.
Chaput speaks out regularly on many issues.
The Golden Compass film
He criticized the Office for Film and Broadcasting of the USCCB's positive review of the film The Golden Compass. Chaput said it was "baffling" that any Christian film reviewer could overlook the "aggressively anti-religious, anti-Christian undercurrent" of the film. The review was removed from the website of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops because it had not been approved by the bishops.
Regarding the issue of whether Catholic politicians who support legal abortion, contrary to Church teaching, should be denied communion, Chaput has written that, while denying anyone the Eucharist is a "very grave matter" that should be used only in "extraordinary cases of public scandal", those who are "living in serious sin or who deny the teachings of the Church" should voluntarily refrain from receiving communion.
The New York Times in 2004 reported that Chaput took the position that it was sinful for Catholics to vote for Democratic presidential nominee John Kerry. His remarks noted Kerry's pro-choice views, amongst others. According to the Times, he said that those who intended to vote for him were "cooperating in evil" and needed "to go to confession."
Chaput criticized the New York Times' construal of his remarks and the Archdiocese of Denver criticized the article as being "heavily truncated and framed" and publicly posted a transcript of the interview in its entirety. He stopped responding to New York Times inquiries for six years in part because of his belief the paper had misrepresented him.
He was seen by some as "part of a group of bishops intent on throwing the weight of the Church into the elections." In public comments, his linkage of the Eucharist to the policy stances of political candidates and those who support them were seen by some as a politicization of moral theology.
As reported by EWTN, Chaput has criticized what he views as a "spirit of adulation bordering on servility" that exists towards Barack Obama, remarking, "in democracies, we elect public servants, not messiahs." The archbishop states that Obama tries to mask his record on abortion and other issues with "rosy marketing about unity, hope, and change." Chaput also dismissed the notion that Obama was given a broad mandate, reasoning he was elected to "fix an economic crisis" and not to "retool American culture on the issues of marriage and the family, sexuality, bioethics, religion in public life, and abortion."
Same-sex marriage and children of gay and lesbian couples
Chaput has repeatedly taken positions against same-sex marriage and questioned the status of children of same-sex couples. Asked about same-sex marriage by the National Catholic Reporter after his appointment in Philadelphia was announced, he indicated that he believes that same-sex couples cannot show children that their parents love each other in the same way that opposite-sex couples can: "This is the issue of our time. The Church understands marriage as a unique relationship, with a unique definition, which is the faithful love of a man and a woman for each other, permanent, and for the sake of children. As children, if we don't know that our parents love one another, our lives are very unstable. That's why I think every child deserves a family where the father loves the mother, and the mother loves the father. For us to redefine marriage as anything else undermines that notion. I think it's very important that the Church keep insisting on this. It's also important to say that we're not against gay people. What we're doing here is promoting marriage and the meaning of marriage, not condemning others."
He also vocally supported the decision of a Boulder Catholic school to deny the re-enrollment of two children of a lesbian couple, while at the same time stating that the Church allows the enrollment of children of parents of other faiths or no faith at all and children of single and divorced parents.
Catholic involvement in politics
In his book Render Unto Caesar: Serving the Nation by Living Our Catholic Beliefs in Political Life, Chaput exhorts Catholics to take a "more active, vocal, and morally consistent role" in the political process, arguing that private convictions cannot be separated from public actions without diminishing both. Rather than asking citizens to put aside their religious and moral beliefs for the sake of public policy, Chaput believes American democracy depends upon a fully engaged citizenry, including religious believers, to function properly.
On abortion and political party loyalty
Chaput has stated that absolute loyalty to the Church's teachings on core, bioethical, and natural law doctrinal issues (that the Church has definitively spoken on, and where its stance is not subject to appreciable change in the future – in this case, abortion) must be a higher priority for Catholics than their identity as Americans, their party affiliation, and their party's stance on other issues. This is so because, for a Catholic, loyalty to God, his supreme importance, and his expectations (the Commandments, Beatitudes, the Scriptures, and the Church hierarchy's interpretation of what he expects) is more important than any other identity. The martyrs and confessors gave witness to that fact.
Chaput advocates reform of immigration laws to regularize the status of most undocumented immigrants as a moral imperative.
- "Archbishop Charles Chaput, O.F.M. Cap., named Archbishop of Philadelphia". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Philadelphia. July 19, 2011. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Cheney, David M (July 19, 2011). "Archbishop Charles Joseph Chaput, O.F.M. Cap.". Catholic-Hierarchy. Retrieved July 20, 2011.[self-published source]
- Allen, Jr., John L. (July 18, 2011). "Pope taps Chaput for Philadelphia". National Catholic Reporter.
- Draper, Electa (July 18, 2011). "Denver Archbishop Charles Chaput likely headed to Philadelphia archdiocese". The Denver Post.
- Goodstein, Laurie (July 19, 2011). "For Philadelphia Archdiocese, a Powerful Conservative Voice". The New York Times.
- "Biography and Curriculum Vitae of Most Reverend Charles J. Chaput, O.F.M. Cap., D.D.". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Denver.
- PhillyBurbs.com: "Next Philadelphia archbishop promises changes" By James McGinnis July 20, 2011
- Power, Louis (March 1999). "Charles Chaput: a remarkable American Archbishop". AD2000 12 (2). p. 7. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "The Coat of Arms of Archbishop of Denver Charles Chaput". Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Denver. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Palmo, Rocco (July 18, 2011). "Render Unto Chaput – Sources: Denver's Capuchin = Philadelphia's Revolution". Whispers in the Loggia. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- "Archbishop Chaput among 8 US Prelates Chosen as WYD Catechists". ZENIT News Agency. July 27, 2011. Retrieved July 28, 2011.
- Review of Archbishop Chaput's Render unto Caesar
- Westen, John-Henry (December 11, 2007). "Denver Archbishop Chaput Criticizes USCCB Film Office Movie Review of Golden Compass". LifeSiteNews. Retrieved July 20, 2011.
- Gorski, Eric (May 29, 2004). "Denver archbishop: Catholics must accept church's teachings". The Denver Post. Retrieved February 26, 2006.[dead link]
- "All the News That's Fit to Print... Sort Of" (PDF).
- Neroulias, Nicole (September 24, 2010). "Denver Archbishop Chaput May Reconsider New York Times Boycott". The Huffington Post. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Kirkpatrick, David D.; Goodstein, Laurie (October 12, 2004). "Group of Bishops Using Influence to Oppose Kerry". The New York Times. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- [dead link]
- "Denver Archbishop Warns of 'Spirit of Adulation' Surrounding Obama". Catholic News Agency. February 24, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2009.
- Allen, John L. (July 19, 2011). "Exclusive interview with Archbishop Charles Chaput". National Catholic Reporter. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Chaput, Charles (March 10, 2010). "Catholic schools: Partners in faith with parents". Archdiocese of Denver. Archived from the original on March 12, 2010. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Chaput, Charles (March 10, 2010). "Thoughts on "Roman Catholics for Obama"". First Things. Retrieved July 19, 2011.
- Cf. Chaput, Charles J. (2008). Render Unto Caesar: Serving the Nation by Living our Catholic Beliefs in Political Life. Doubleday. ISBN 0-385-52228-2.
- CNS story: Archbishop Chaput: Catholic teaching trumps party loyalty on abortion
- Chaput's Feb. 19, 2013 column in the Philadelphia Catholic publication
- The Archdiocese of Philadelphia web site
- How to Conduct Politics as Catholics: The Denver Memorandum, Espresso (August 13, 2008)
- Review of Render Unto Caesar, The Ludwig von Mises Institute (September 2, 2008)
- 'More than able to hold her own,' girl gets boot from Catholic football league. Chaput quoted.
|Catholic Church titles|
Harold Joseph Dimmerling
|Bishop of Rapid City
1988 – 1997
Blase J. Cupich
James Francis Stafford
|Archbishop of Denver
1997 – 2011
Samuel Joseph Aquila
Justin Francis Rigali
|Archbishop of Philadelphia
2011 – present