Crime in Bulgaria

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Crime in Bulgaria is combated by the Bulgarian police and other agencies.

In 2006 the European Commission established goals for Bulgaria to improve its fight against corruption and organised crime.[1] In the 2011 Corruption Perceptions Index, Bulgaria ranked 86th out of 182 countries.[2] They scored a 3.3 with 10 the highest possible.[2]

By location[edit]

Varna[edit]

Varna is known to be the main hub for Bulgarian organized crime. Some sectors of the economy, including gambling, corporate security, tourism, real estate, and professional sports, are believed to be controlled in part by business groups with links to Communist-era secret services or the military; the TIM group,[3] based in Varna, is one example.[4][5]

Crime by type[edit]

Corruption[edit]

Corruption is a problem in Bulgaria. In 2011, a survey showed that one out of every four Bulgarians who dealt with doctors, police officers, customs officials or judges offered money, a gift or a favour to see their problems solved.[6]

Organised crime[edit]

Bulgarian organised crime groups are involved in a wide range of activities, including drug trafficking, cigarette smuggling, human trafficking, prostitution, illicit antiquities trafficking, extortion (often under the cover of ostensible security and insurance companies) and the arms trade. They appear to have connections with the Russian Mafia, Serbian Mafia, and the Italian Cosa Nostra.

Human trafficking[edit]

Bulgaria is a source and, to a lesser extent, a transit and destination country for women and children who are subjected to trafficking in persons, specifically forced prostitution and men, women, and children subjected to conditions of forced labor.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]