||This article is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. (May 2014)|
Chihuly in 2009
|Born||Dale Patrick Chihuly
September 20, 1941
|Education||University of Washington, Seattle, University of Wisconsin–Madison, Rhode Island School of Design.|
|Known for||Glass artist|
|Spouse(s)||Leslie Jackson (2005–current)|
Dale Chihuly (born September 20, 1941), is an American glass sculptor and entrepreneur. His works are considered unique to the field of blown glass, "moving it into the realm of large-scale sculpture," (Museum of Fine Arts, Boston). The technical difficulties of working with glass forms are considerable, yet Chihuly uses it as the primary medium for installations and environmental artwork.
Chihuly was born in Tacoma, Washington, to George and Viola Magnuson Chihuly. At first Chihuly had no interest in continuing his formal education after graduating from high school in 1959. His only brother, George, had died in an accident in 1957, and his father died of a heart attack the next year at the age of 51.
However, at his mother's urging, after he graduated from Woodrow Wilson High School, he enrolled at the College of the Puget Sound in 1959. A year later, he transferred to the University of Washington in Seattle, where in 1965 he received a bachelor of arts degree in interior design. While at the University of Washington, he was a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity (Kappa Epsilon chapter).
In the year 1967, he received a Master of Science in sculpture from the University of Wisconsin–Madison, where he studied under Harvey Littleton. In 1968, he studied glass in Venice on a Fulbright Fellowship and received a Master of Fine Arts at the Rhode Island School of Design.
In 1971, with the support of John Hauberg and Anne Gould Hauberg, Chihuly cofounded the Pilchuck Glass School near Stanwood, Washington. Chihuly also founded the HillTop Artists program in Tacoma, Washington at Jason Lee Middle School and Wilson High School.
In 1976, while Chihuly was in England, he was involved in a head-on car accident during which he flew through the windshield. His face was severely cut by glass and he was blinded in his left eye. After recovering, he continued to blow glass until he dislocated his right shoulder in a 1979 bodysurfing accident. No longer able to hold the glass blowing pipe, he hired others to do the work. Chihuly explained the change in a 2006 interview, saying "Once I stepped back, I liked the view" and pointed out that it allowed him to see the work from more perspectives and enabled him to anticipate problems faster. Chihuly describes his role as "more choreographer than dancer, more supervisor than participant, more director than actor." San Diego Union-Tribune reporter Erin Glass wrote that she "wonders at the vision of not just the artist Chihuly, but the wildly successful entrepreneur Chihuly, whose estimated sales by 2004 was reported by The Seattle Times as $29 million." Chihuly and his team of artists were the subjects of the documentary Chihuly Over Venice. They were also featured in the documentary Chihuly in the Hotshop, syndicated to public television stations by American Public Television starting on November 1, 2008.
About his work
Regina Hackett, as the Seattle Post-Intelligencer art critic, provided a chronology of his work during the 1970s, 1980s, and 1990s:
- 1975: Navajo Blanket Series, in which patterns of Navajo blankets were painted onto glass
- 1977: Northwest Coast Basket Series, baskets inspired by Northwest coast Indian baskets he'd seen as a child
- 1980: Seaform Series, transparent sculptures of thin glass, strengthened by ribbed strands of color
- 1981: Macchia Series, featuring every color available in the studio
- 1986: Persian Series, inspired by Middle East glass from the 12th- to 14th-century, featuring more restrained color and room-sized installations
- 1988: Venetian Series, improvisations based on Italian Art Deco
- 1989: Ikebana Series, glass flower arrangements inspired by ikebana
- 1990: Venetian Series returns, this time in a more eccentric form
- 1991: Niijima Floats, six-foot spheres of intricate color inspired by Japanese glass fishing floats from the island of Niijima from Chihuly's website
- 1992: Chandeliers, starting modestly but by the middle of the decade involving a ton of glass orbs and shapes that in some works look like flowers, others like breasts, and still others like snakes Chihuly has also produced a sizable volume of "Irish cylinders", which are more modest in conception than his blown glass works.
For his exhibition in Jerusalem in 2000, in addition to the glass pieces, he had enormous blocks of transparent ice brought in from an Alaskan artesian well and formed a wall, echoing the stones of the nearby Citadel. Lights with color gels were set up behind them for illumination. Chihuly said the melting wall represented the "dissolution of barriers" between people.
Chihuly's largest permanent exhibit can be found at the Oklahoma City Museum of Art. Chihuly maintains two retail stores in partnership with MGM Resorts International. One is located at the Bellagio on the Las Vegas Strip, from the Bellagio hotel/casino website the other at the MGM Grand Casino in Macau. A number of other galleries also carry his pieces. He also has a gallery in Las Vegas in the Crystals in the Las Vegas City Center in Gallery Row. In 1983 Chihuly returned to his native Pacific Northwest where he continued to develop his own work at the Pilchuck Glass School, which he had helped to found in 1971. Throughout the 1970s, influenced by the great glassblowing tradition of Murano, Chihuly experimented with the team approach to glassblowing. Working with a team of master glassblowers and assistants has enabled him to produce architectural glass art of a scale and quantity unimaginable working alone or with only one assistant. In 2010 the Space Needle Corporation submitted a proposal for an exhibition of Chihuly's work at a site in the Seattle Center, in competition with proposals for other uses from several other groups. The project, which sees the new Chihuly exhibition hall occupy the site of the former Fun Forest amusement park in the Seattle Center park and entertainment complex, received the final green light from the Seattle City Council on April 25, 2011. Called Chihuly Garden and Glass, it opened May 21, 2012.
In 2006, Chihuly filed a lawsuit against his former longtime employee, glassblower Bryan Rubino, and businessman Robert Kaindl, under accusations of copyright and trademark infringement. Kaindl's pieces used titles Chihuly used for his own works, such as Seaforms and Ikebana, and resembled the construction of Chihuly's pieces. Arguments made by legal experts stated influence on art style is not copyright infringement. Chihuly settled the lawsuit independently with Rubino initially, and later Kaindl as well.
Chihuly's art appears in permanent collections all over the world, including in the United States, Canada, England, Singapore, the United Arab Emirates, and Kuwait.
- 1996: Chihuly Over Venice, Venice, Italy
- 1999–2000: Chihuly in the Light of Jerusalem 2000, Tower of David, Jerusalem, Israel
- 2001–2002: Chihuly In The Park: A Garden Of Glass, Garfield Park Conservatory, Chicago, Illinois
- 2004: Chihuly in the Garden, Atlanta Botanical Garden, Atlanta, Georgia
- 2005: Gardens of Glass, Kew Gardens, London.
- 2005: Modern and Contemporary American Art (1900 to present), Kalamazoo Institute of Arts, Kalamazoo, Michigan
- 2005–2007: Chihuly at Fairchild, Fairchild Tropical Botanic Garden, Coral Gables, Florida
- 2006: Missouri Botanical Garden, St. Louis, Missouri
- 2006: Oisterwijk Sculptuur, Oisterwijk, Netherlands
- 2006: New York Botanical Garden, New York, New York
- 2007: Wrapped In Tradition: The Chihuly Collection of American Indian Trade Blanket Mayborn Museum Complex, Waco, Texas
- 2007: Chihuly at Phipps: Gardens and Glass], Phipps Conservatory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
- 2008: Chihuly at the de Young, de Young Museum, San Francisco, California
- 2009: Chihuly: Day and Night, Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, Arizona
- 2009: Chihuly Illuminated, Columbus Museum of Art, Columbus, Ohio
- 2009: Chihuly: Recent Wor, Naples Museum of Art, Naples, Florida
- 2010: Chihuly at Cheekwood, Cheekwood Botanical Gardens, Nashville, Tennessee
- 2010: Chihuly at the Salk, Salk Institute for Biological Studies, La Jolla, California
- 2011: Through the Looking Glass, Boston Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Massachusetts
- 2012: Chihuly at The Dallas Arboretum, Dallas Arboretum, Dallas, Texas
- 2012: Chihuly at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
- 2013: Chihuly, Un univers à couper le souffle (Chihuly: Utterly Breathtaking), Montreal Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
- 2013-2014: http://www.dbg.org/events-exhibitions/chihuly; Chihuly in the Garden, Desert Botanical Garden, Phoenix, Arizona
- 2014: http://chihuly.denver.org/; Chihuly Denver, Denver Botanic Gardens, Denver, Colorado
- Hackett, Regina (18 April 2006). "Chihuly victimized by his own success?". Seattle Post-Intelligencer.
- Chihuly: Through the looking glass. Museum of Fine Arts Boston. Accessed April 20213.<http://www.mfa.org/exhibitions/chihuly>
- [Article by David O. Williams [http//:www.dianefarrisgallery.com]
- Dale Chihuly - Chronology, from Chihuly's personal website
- Glass Houses: Dale Chihuly Files a Lawsuit That Raises Big Questions... About Dale Chihuly, The Stranger, February 2006
- ‘Chihuly’ a site-specific explosion of art at Salk, by Erin Glass, San Diego Union-Tribune, 22 April 2010
- Chihuly Over Venice, from Chihuly's Portland Press website
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- Cohen, Jay (October 4, 1999). "Cooling a hotbed of unrest in Mideast?". Deseret News. Retrieved 2010-03-01.
- "List of stores". Bellagio.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- Press release by MGM Macau mentioning Chihuly shop (search for "Chihuly retail")[dead link]
- Heffter, Emily (10 June 2010), Chihuly glass museum proposed at Seattle Center where Fun Forest stood, Seattle Times
- Heffter, Emily (10 June 2010), In a second attempt to sell the city and the public on a Dale Chihuly glass exhibit at Seattle Center, Seattle Times
- Davis, Ben (28 April 2011). "Divisive Dale Chihuly Glass-Art 'Museum' Approved for Former Seattle Amusement Park". ArtInfo. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Chihuly Garden and Glass Opens with Dedication Ceremony on Monday, May 21". PRNewswire. 21 May 2012. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- Riefe, Jordan (21 May 2012). "Dale Chihuly's 'Glass House' Shines in Seattle". Reuters. Retrieved 30 November 2012.
- "Glass warfare". St. Petersburg Times. 2006-06-11. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- O'Hagan, Maureen (December 16, 2005; updated December 20, 2005). "Glass artist Chihuly's lawsuit tests limits of copyrighting art". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-12-20. Check date values in:
- Sheila Farr and Susan Kelleher (August 15, 2006). "Artists Chihuly, Rubino settle claims; suit against entrepreneur unresolved". The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2010-02-25.
- Kelleher, Susan (2006-12-19). Chihuly, rival glass artist settle dispute. The Seattle Times. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- "Dale Chihuly - Artist - Chihuly in the Light of Jerusalem 2000". Chihuly.com. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- James Morley (2006-01-15). "Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew: Current events: Gardens of glass: Chihuly at Kew: The Exhibition". Rbgkew.org.uk. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Art : Modern and Contemporary American Art | Kalamazoo Institute of Arts (KIA)". Kiarts.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- "Calendar". Mobot.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- [dead link]
- "chihulyatthedeyoung.org". chihulyatthedeyoung.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Visit the Desert Botanical Garden | Desert Botanical Garden in Phoenix, AZ". Dbg.org. 2012-10-05. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- "The Phil in Naples". Thephil.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- [dead link]
- "Chihuly at the Salk". Salk.edu. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Chihuly | Museum of Fine Arts, Boston". Mfa.org. 2011-04-10. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "Chihuly". Dallasarboretum.org. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "VMFA: At The Museum: Chihuly at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts". Vmfa.state.va.us. 2012-10-20. Retrieved 2012-12-20.
- "VMFA: Chihuly at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Montreal". mbam.qc.ca. 2013-06-23. Retrieved 2013-06-22.
- Chihuly Over Venice by William Warmus and Dana Self. Seattle: Portland Press, 1996.
- Chihuly by Donald Kuspit. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 1998.
- The Essential Dale Chihuly by William Warmus. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2000.
- Dale Chihuly:365 Days. Margaret L. Kaplan, Editor. New York: Harry N. Abrams, 2008.
- Chihuly Drawing, illustrated by Chihuly, with an essay by Nathan Kernan. Portland Press, 2003, ISBN 1-57684-019-0
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Dale Chihuly.|