Dassault MD 315 Flamant

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"MD-315" redirects here. For the state highway, see Maryland Route 315.
Flamant
Dassault Flamant Basle - September 1977.jpg
Dassault MD 312 Flamant of the Armée de l'Air at Basle-Mulhouse (Euroairport), September 1977
Role Military transport aircraft
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 6 July 1947 (MD.315)
Introduction 1948
Retired 1981
Primary users French Air Force
Vietnam Air Force
Tunisian Air Force
Cambodian Air Force

The Dassault MD 315 Flamant is a French light twin-engined transport airplane built shortly after World War II by Dassault Aviation for the French Air Force.

Design and development[edit]

Design work on a twin-engined light transport started in 1946 with the MD 303, a development of an earlier project for an eight-seat communications aircraft the Marcel Bloch MB-30. The prototype MD 303 first flew on 26 February 1947 powered by two Béarn 6D engines, designed to meet a French Air Force requirement for a colonial communications aircraft. A re-engined version was ordered into production at the new Dassault factory at Bordeaux-Mérignac. The production aircraft was a low-wing monoplane with twin tail surfaces and a tri-cycle undercarriage and powered by two Renault 12S piston engines.

Three main versions of the aircraft now named Flamant (means Flamingo in French) were produced. The MD 315 10-seat colonial communication aircraft (first flown on 6 July 1947), the MD 312 six-seat transport aircraft (first flew on 27 April 1950), and the MD 311 navigation trainer (first flew on 23 March 1948. The MD 311 had a distinctive glazed nose for its role as both a bombing and navigation trainer.

Operational history[edit]

The first Flamant was delivered to the French Air Force in 1949 and deliveries of all versions was completed by 1953

The aircraft was used for pilot training, navigation training, light transport, maritime surveillance and light ground attack. During the Algerian War of Independence the plane was used for light attack with the Nord SS.11 and AS.11 antitank missiles or with machine guns, bombs, and rockets. The Flamant MD 311 (which were based in Algeria to train pilots and navigators at first) was the first aircraft in history to fire one of the world's first wire guided antitank missile in anger, using French Army SS.11 antitank missiles, in a combat experiment to get at fortified caves located in deep mountain gorges, 1956 from an aircraft based with the special unit of the French Air Force in Algeria, GOM.86. The SS.11 attacks proved extremely successful and the French Army which had provided the missiles, began an experiment which resulted in the world's first attack helicopters firing antitank missiles.[1] The Flamant stayed in service until 1981. In addition to the French air force, the Flamant served in Cambodia, Madagascar, Tunisia, and Vietnam.

Variants[edit]

MB 30-1
Original proposals for a bombing and navigation trainer.
MB 30-2
Original proposals fora medical and colonial roles.
MB 30-3
Original proposals for a liaison and training aircraft.
MD 303
Dassault MD 311 Flamant trainer at the Paris Air Show 2007
Prototype, one built, powered by two 310 kW (410 hp) Béarn 6D engines.
MD 311
Bombing, navigation and photography training aircraft, 39 built, powered by two 310 kW (410 hp) SNECMA 12S engines.
MD 312
Six-seat transport and communications aircraft, 142 built, powered by two 310 kW (410 hp) SNECMA 12S engines.
MD 312B
Experimental version with heavier loaded weight, one built, powered by two 310 kW (410 hp) SNECMA 12S engines. Used later for Mirage IV radar development.
MD 315
10-seat utility transport aircraft, 137 built, powered by two 310 kW (410 hp) SNECMA 12S engines.
MD 316T
One prototype fitted with a single-finned tail, and two 600 kW (800 hp) Wright R-1300-CB7A1 Cyclone radial piston engines.
MD 316X
One MD 315 aircraft fitted with two 610 kW (820 hp) SNECMA 14X Super Mars radial piston engines.

Operators[edit]

 Cambodia
 Cameroon
 France
 Khmer Republic
 Madagascar
 South Vietnam
 Tunisia

Specifications (MD 315)[edit]

Dassault M.D.315 Flamant

Data from Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1953–54[2]

General characteristics

Performance

See also[edit]

Related lists

References[edit]

Notes
Bibliography
  • Bridgman, Leonard (ed.) Jane's All The World's Aircraft 1953-54. London:Jane's, 1953.