Dassault Étendard IV

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Étendard IV
Dassault Étendard IVM.jpg
Role Strike fighter
National origin France
Manufacturer Dassault Aviation
First flight 1958
Introduction 1962
Retired 1991
Status Some IVPs still in service
Primary user French Navy
Number built 90
Variants Dassault-Breguet Super Étendard

The Dassault Étendard IV was a supersonic carrier-borne "strike" fighter aircraft designed for service with the French Navy. It was in service from 1962 to 1991.

Design and development[edit]

The Étendard's history began with two different design requirements in the early 1950s for light fighters, one for the French Air Force and the other for NATO air forces. Dassault used the same basic design for both these specifications, the Étendard II and Étendard VI respectively, neither of which saw orders. The company developed a larger and more powerful variant (originally designated Mystère XXIV) simultaneously as a private venture.[1]

Interest from the Navy led to Dassault building a prototype navalized version, first demonstrated to the service in 1958, which resulted in an order for 69 Étendard IVM fighters and 21 Étendard IVP reconnaissance versions. From 1962, these were being deployed aboard the new French Clemenceau-class aircraft carriers, starting with the Clemenceau and Foch.

The Étendard IVs performance was never spectacular but it was supersonic and could reach Mach 1.3 at 11,000 metres (36,000 ft) and Mach 0.97 at low altitude. By the 1970s it was clear that a replacement would be required soon.

The Jaguar M, a navalized SEPECAT Jaguar was intended to be the replacement, but as political problems with the joint Anglo-French effort delayed development, Dassault offered the improved Super Étendard. The last of the Étendard IVMs were withdrawn in 1991, although a handful of IVPs remained operational as of 2004.

Variants[edit]

Étendard IV
The prototype powered by a 34.34 kN (7,720 lbf) SNECMA ATAR 101E3, first flown on 24 July 1956.[2]
Étendard IVB
One prototype fitted with a 49.82 kN (11,200 lbf) thrust Rolls-Royce Avon engine and blown flaps.
Étendard IVM
Single-seat Maritime strike fighter aircraft for the French Navy.
Étendard IVP
Single-seat Photo reconnaissance aircraft for the French Navy.

Operators[edit]

 France

Specifications (Dassault Étendard IVM)[edit]

Etendard IVM on display at the Intrepid Sea-Air-Space Museum

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × 30 mm (1.18 in) DEFA 552 cannons with 150 rounds per gun
  • Rockets: 2 × Matra rocket pods with 18× SNEB 68 mm rockets each
  • Bombs: 1,360 kg (3,000 lb) of payload on four external hardpoints, including a variety of bombs or Drop tanks

See also[edit]

Related development
Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

Squadrons

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ "Military Dassault aircraft". www.dassault-aviation.com. Retrieved 27 November 2012. 
  2. ^ Kay, Anthony L. (2007). Turbojet: History and Development 1930–1960: Volume 2: USSR, USA, Japan, France, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-86126-939-3. 
Bibliography
  • Kay, Anthony L. (2007). Turbojet: History and Development 1930–1960: Volume 2: USSR, USA, Japan, France, Canada, Sweden, Switzerland, Italy, Czechoslovakia and Hungary. Marlborough, Wiltshire: Crowood Press. ISBN 978-1-86126-939-3.