Demographics of New Caledonia

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Demographics of New Caledonia.

Historical population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1950 65,000 —    
1960 78,000 +20.0%
1970 105,000 +34.6%
1980 142,000 +35.2%
1990 170,000 +19.7%
2000 212,000 +24.7%
2010 251,000 +18.4%
Source:[1]


Ethnic groups [2][edit]

Ethnic Melanesians known as Kanak constitute 40% of the population in 2009, followed by Europeans with 29%. The Europeans are the largest ethnic group in the province Sud (South), while Kanak are the majority in the other provinces. There is also a large minority from other Polynesian islands, mainly from Wallis and Futana (9%), but also from Tahiti (2%) and Vanuatu (1%). The remainder of the population (19%) is mainly from Asian countries.

Population of New Caledonia according to ethnic group 1963-2009
Ethnic
group
census
1963
census
1969
census
1976
census
1983
census
1989
census
1996
census
2009
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Kanak 41,190 47.6 46,200 45.9 55,598 41.7 61,870 42.6 73,598 44.8 86,788 44.1 99,078 40.3
Europeans 33,355 38.6 41,268 41.0 50,757 38.1 53,974 37.1 55,085 33.6 67,151 34.1 71,721 29.2
Wallisians and Futunians 11,974 13.8 13,111 13.0 9,571 7.2 12,174 8.4 14,186 8.6 17,763 9.0 21,262 8.7
Tahitians 6,391 4.8 5,570 3.8 4,750 2.9 5,171 2.6 4,985 2.0
Ni-Vanuatu 1,050 0.8 1,212 0.8 1,683 1.0 2,244 1.1 2,327 0.9
Indonesians 5,111 3.8 5,319 3.7 5,191 3.2 5,003 2.5 3,985 1.6
Vietnamese 1,943 1.5 2,381 1.6 2,461 1.5 2,822 1.4 2,357 1.0
Others 2,812 2.1 2,868 2.0 7,219 4.4 9,894 5.0 39,865 16.2
Total 86,519 100,579 133,233 145,368 164,173 196,836 245,580

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics[edit]

Age structure:
0-14 years: 28,4% (male 31 818, female 30 513)
15-64 years: 64,9% (male 71 565, female 70 815)
65 years and over: 6,6% (male 6 773, female 7 772) (2006 est.)

Population growth rate: 1.84% (in 2005), 1.91% (yearly average from January 2000 to January 2006)

Birth rate: 17.2 births/1 000 population (in 2005)

Death rate: 4.9 deaths/1 000 population (in 2005)

Net migration rate: 5.62 migrants/1 000 population (in 2005), 5.01 migrants/1 000 population (yearly average between beginning of 2000 and end of 2005)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1,05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1,04 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1,01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0,87 male(s)/female
total population: 1,01 male(s)/female (2006 est.)

Infant mortality rate: 7,57 deaths/1,000 live births male: 8,27 deaths/1,000 live births female: 6,83 deaths/1,000 live births (2006 est.)

Life expectancy at birth: (in 2005)
total population: 75.2 years
male: 71.9 years
female: 78.6 years

Total fertility rate: 2.20 children born/woman (in 2005)

Nationality:
noun: New Caledonian(s)
adjective: New Caledonian

Religions: Roman Catholicism 60%, Protestantism 30%, other 10%

Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-Polynesian languages

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 91%
male: 92%
female: 90% (1976 est.)

See also[edit]

References[edit]