Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit
|Formation||January 1, 2011|
|Purpose||Development aid agency|
The Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (German Federal Enterprise for International Cooperation) or GIZ is an international enterprise owned by the German Federal Government, operating in many fields across more than 130 countries. It primarily works with states, state agencies, and the private sector. Its headquarters are located in Bonn and Eschborn, Germany. The organisation was established on 1 January 2011 through a merger of the three German organisations Deutscher Entwicklungsdienst (DED), Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ), and Internationale Weiterbildung und Entwicklung (InWEnt).
The GIZ mainly operates on behalf of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ). Further clients are other departments of the government, international donors like the European Union, World Bank or the United Nations, partner countries and the private sector. The cooperation with private enterprises is an emerging field, promoted under the name of sustainable development. The GIZ is set up with International Services (IS) and the Public Private Partnership (PPP) in this area.
GIZ works on a public-benefit basis.
Facts and figures
With a turnover of € 2.1 billion in 2012, some € 1.87 billion came from projects and programmes for public clients, such as the BMZ, other German federal ministries or the EU. Roughly 90 percent of GIZ's turnover was under contracts from the German Federal Government. The GIZ made 18.7 percent (€ 230 million) in 2012 from contracts from other clients such as financing institutions or private sector companies. € 956 million of its turnover have been channeled through to third-party-consultancies.
As of 2012, GIZ has about 16,229 employees working in more than 130 countries, including about 1,900 at its head offices in Eschborn (near Frankfurt am Main) and Bonn. About 70 percent of its staff are local employees in the partner countries.
Fields of activity
The GIZ main activities in its partner countries are focusing on sustainable development and resource management:
- Economic Development and Employment (including services such as vocational training, economic policy advice, financial systems development or private sector promotion)
- Government, Democracy and Poverty Reduction (including services and working fields such as development-oriented emergency aid, peace building and crisis prevention, governance, sustainable urban development or structural poverty reduction)
- Education, Health and Social Security (including working fields such as education, development-oriented drug control, promotion of children and young people or HIV/AIDS prevention)
- Environment and Infrastructure (including activities such as waste, energy and water management, sustainable sanitation, natural resource management, transport and mobility, implementing international environmental regimes or environmental policy, climate change-related capacity building)
- Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (including services such as coastal zone management, land management, market-oriented farming and food systems, policy advice on agriculture and rural development or securing livelihoods in marginal rural areas)
GIZ has been involved in the creation of various networks, associations and portals, and may carry out or support secretariat functions for some of these for a limited period of time. Examples of such networks and associations that have had some GIZ involvement include:
- Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21)
- Alumniportal Germany
- Sustainable Sanitation Alliance
Programmes violating human rights
The GIZ has been criticized on various occasions for being engaged with or for funding projects and programmes that are violating the human rights of the people living in the countries. In March 2013, it was criticized by human rights groups for its engagement with Namibia's Land Reform programmes and policies, that are violating the rights of indigenous peoples as outlined in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, by dispossessing Himba people and Zemba off their traditional lands and territories.
- "Profile", Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Merger of public development agencies" German Federal Ministry for Economical Cooperation, 16 December 2010. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Development Partnerships with the Private Sector (PPP)". Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit. 25 October 2010. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- GIZ Corporat Report 2012. Retrieved 15 September 2013.
- "Range of services". Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "Low Carbon Leadership Network: Emission Trading Schemes – European and Asian Perspectives of Cooperation". China Carbon Forum / 中国碳论坛. 2 June 2011. Retrieved 25 August 2011.
- "German Government Offers Support to Land Reform". Namibia Economist-AllAFrica. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 27 March 2013.
- "German GIZ directly engaged in dispossessing indigenous peoples from their collective landrights and territories in Namibia". Earth Peoples. 6 January 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2013.
- "Himba, Zemba reiterate ‘no’ to Baynes dam". The Namibian. 26 March 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2013.
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