Portal:European Union

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Welcome to the European Union Portal!
Shortcut:
Raptus Europae.png
EU Member States' CoA Series- Austria.svg
Royal Arms of Belgium.svg
Coat of arms of Bulgaria (version by constitution).svg
Croatian Chequy.svg
Lesser coat of arms of Cyprus.svg
Small coat of arms of the Czech Republic.svg
National Coat of arms of Denmark no crown.svg
Small coat of arms of Estonia.svg
Coat of arms of Finland.svg
Arms of France (UN variant).svg
Coat of arms of Germany.svg
Lesser coat of arms of Greece.svg
Arms of Hungary.svg
Coat of arms of Ireland.svg
CoA Marina Mercantile.svg
Lesser coat of arms of Latvia (escutcheon).svg
Coat of arms of Lithuania.svg
Arms of the Counts of Luxembourg.svg
Arms of Malta.svg
Arms of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.svg
Herb Polski.svg
Shield of the Kingdom of Portugal (1481-1910).png
Coat of arms of Romania.svg
Coat of arms of Slovakia.svg
Coat of arms of Slovenia.svg
File-Arms of Spain (corrections of heraldist requests).svg
Armoiries Suède moderne.svg
Arms of the United Kingdom.svg

The European Union (EU) is an economic and political union of 28 member states that are primarily located in Europe. The EU operates through a system of supranational independent institutions and intergovernmental negotiated decisions by the member states. Institutions of the EU include the European Commission, the Council of the European Union, the European Council, the Court of Justice of the European Union, the European Central Bank, the Court of Auditors, and the European Parliament. The European Parliament is elected every five years by EU citizens.

The EU traces its origins from the European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC) and the European Economic Community (EEC), formed by the Inner Six countries in 1951 and 1958, respectively. In the intervening years, the community and its successors have grown in size by the accession of new member states and in power by the addition of policy areas to its remit. The Maastricht Treaty established the European Union under its current name in 1993. The latest major amendment to the constitutional basis of the EU, the Treaty of Lisbon, came into force in 2009.

Main page · Institutions · Competences · Structural evolution · Member states · Categories

Selected article edit
Same sex marriage map Europe detailed.svg

Same-sex marriage in Spain was legalised in 2005. In 2004, the new Socialist government, led by President José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, began a campaign for its legalization, which would include adoption by same-sex couples. After much debate, a law permitting same-sex marriage was passed by the Cortes Generales on 30 June 2005 and published on 2 July 2005. Same-sex marriage officially became legal in Spain on Sunday, 3 July 2005. The ratification of this law has not been devoid of conflict, despite support from 66% of Spaniards. Catholic authorities in particular were adamantly opposed to it, fearing the weakening of the meaning of marriage. Demonstrations for and against the law drew thousands of people from all parts of Spain.

Approximately 4,500 same-sex couples have married in Spain during the first year of the law. Shortly after the law was passed, questions arose about the legal status of marriage to non-Spaniards whose country did not permit same-sex marriage. A ruling from the Spanish Justice ministry stated that the country's same-sex marriage law allows a Spanish citizen to marry a non-Spaniard regardless of whether that person's homeland recognizes the partnership. At least one partner must be a Spanish citizen to marry.

Selected city edit

Nicosia, known locally as Lefkosia is the capital and largest city of Cyprus. Nicosia is located at 35°10' north, 33°21' east (35.1667, 33.35). Located on the Pedieos river and situated roughly in the centre of the island, it is the seat of government as well as the main business centre. Nicosia is the center and capital of an administrative district (Nicosia District), and after the fall of the Berlin Wall, it is currently the only divided capital city in the world, with the northern (Turkish) and southern (Greek) portions divided by the "Green Line", a demilitarized zone maintained by the United Nations. The 1974 Turkish invasion and occupation of 36 percent of the island's territory literally cut the capital in half. The population of the part of the city under the control of the Republic of Cyprus is 206,200 (end of 2001).

Nicosia is a modern, dynamic capital with lots of shops, restaurants and entertainment.The city is a trade center and manufactures textiles, leather, pottery, plastic, and other products. Copper mines are nearby. Nicosia is the seat of the University of Cyprus (UCY) and of all the colleges and institutes of Republic of Cyprus.

Selected picture edit
Morteratsch glacier 1.jpg
Photo credit: commons:User:Dschwen
Panoramic image of the Morteratsch Glacier in the Bernina Range.
Did you know?edit


Featured contentedit
Cscr-featured.svg Members by political system Cscr-featured.svg European Union Portal
Cscr-featured.svg European Parliament Cscr-featured.svg European Commission


Related portalsedit
Europe Eurovision United Nations NATO Brussels ESA
Cartography of Europe.svg EBU Colorbars.svg Emblem of the United Nations.svg Blue compass rose.svg Belgium brussels iris.svg ESA logo simple.svg
Associated Wikimediaedit
The following Wikimedia sister projects provide more on this subject:
Wikibooks  Wikimedia Commons Wikinews  Wikiquote  Wikisource  Wikiversity  Wikivoyage  Wiktionary  Wikidata 
Books Media News Quotations Texts Learning resources Travel guides Definitions Database