Distinguished Flying Medal
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (February 2008)|
|Distinguished Flying Medal|
Obverse (top left) and reverse (top right) of the medal.
|Awarded by UK and Commonwealth|
|Eligibility||British and (formerly) Commonwealth forces|
|Awarded for||exceptional valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy|
|Status||Discontinued in 1993|
|Established||3 June 1918|
|Next (higher)||Conspicuous Gallantry Medal|
|Equivalent||Distinguished Service Medal
Air Force Medal
|Next (lower)||Mention in Despatches|
The Distinguished Flying Medal was (until 1993) a military decoration awarded to personnel of the Royal Air Force (United Kingdom) and the other services, and formerly also to personnel of other Commonwealth countries, below commissioned rank, for "an act or acts of valour, courage or devotion to duty whilst flying in active operations against the enemy".
The medal was established on 3 June 1918. It was the other ranks' equivalent to the Distinguished Flying Cross, which was awarded to commissioned officers and Warrant Officers (although WOs could also be awarded the DFM), although it ranked below the DFC in order of precedence, between the Military Medal and the Air Force Medal. Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Medal are entitled to use the post-nominal letters "DFM". In 1993 the DFM was discontinued, and since then the Distinguished Flying Cross has been awarded to personnel of all ranks.
During World War I, approximately 105 DFMs were awarded, with 2 first award bars. During World War II, 6,637 DFMs were awarded, with 60 first award bars. Some 165 were awarded to aircrew from other non- Commonwealth countries.
A second bar to the DFM was uniquely awarded to Flight Sergeant Donald Ernest Kingaby in November 1941.
- An oval, silver medal, 35 mm wide and 41 mm long. The obverse shows a bareheaded effigy of the reigning sovereign.
- The reverse shows Athena Nike seated on an aeroplane, a hawk rising from her right arm above the words FOR COURAGE, all within a laurel wreath.
- A bomb is attached to the clasp and ribbon by two wings.
- The ribbon is 32 mm wide, and consists of alternate violet and white stripes (1/16 inch wide) leaning 45 degrees to the left. A violet stripe is to appear in the bottom left and upper right corners when viewed on the wearer's chest. Until 1919, the stripes were horizontal.
- Further awards are signified by a straight slip-on silver bar with an eagle in the centre.
|Distinguished Flying Medal ribbon bars|
|DFM||DFM and Bar|
- Category:Recipients of the Distinguished Flying Medal
- British and Commonwealth orders and decorations
- Page including text from the London Gazette dated 5 December 1919 establishing DFC, AFC, DFM and AFM