Eduard Einstein

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eduard Einstein
Born (1910-07-28)28 July 1910
Zurich
Died 25 October 1965(1965-10-25) (aged 55)
Psychiatric Clinic Burghölzli, Zurich
Cause of death
Stroke
Resting place
Cemetery Hönggerberg, Zurich
Residence Switzerland (1910-1965)
Nationality Switzerland
Other names "Tete"
Parents Albert Einstein and Mileva Marić
Relatives Hans Albert Einstein, Lieserl
Notes
"Make a lot of walks to get healthy and don’t read that much but save yourself some until you’re grown up." Albert Einstein in a letter to his son Eduard, June 1918

Eduard Einstein (28 July 1910 – 25 October 1965) was born in Zürich, Switzerland, the second son of physicist Albert Einstein and his first wife Mileva Marić. Einstein and his family moved to Berlin in 1914, but shortly thereafter Marić returned to Zürich, taking Eduard and his brother with her.

Life and work[edit]

Eduard was a good student and had musical talent. He started to study medicine to become a psychiatrist, but by the age of twenty he was afflicted with schizophrenia and institutionalized two years later for the first of several times. It is speculated that he was overdosed with drugs and harmed by the many "cures" that were used at the time.[1] According to his brother Hans Albert Einstein, the thing that ruined him was the electric shock treatments.[2]

After his illness struck, Eduard told his father that he hated him. Einstein never saw his son again for the rest of his life.[3] Albert and Eduard, whom Albert fondly referred to as "Tete," corresponded previous to and after Eduard became ill, and continued after Albert Einstein's emigration to the United States.[4] [5]

Eduard remained interested in music and art,[6] wrote poetry,[7] and was a Freud enthusiast - so much that he hung a picture of Freud on his bedroom wall.[8]

His mother cared for him until she died in 1948. From then on Eduard lived most of the time at the psychiatric clinic Burghölzli in Zurich, where he died of a stroke at age 55. He is buried at Hönggerberg-Cemetery in Zurich.[9] His family lineage has been used to raise public awareness of schizophrenia.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clark, Ronald W. (1971). Einstein: The Life and Times. Avon. ISBN 0-380-44123-3. 
  2. ^ Barry Parker 2003: Einstein : the passions of a scientist. Prometheus Books. New York. Page 236.
  3. ^ Barry Parker 2003: Einstein : the passions of a scientist. Prometheus Books. New York. Pages 236-237.
  4. ^ "Albert Einstein to Eduard Einstein, 1928". Shapell Manuscript Collection. Shapell Manuscript Foundation. 
  5. ^ "Albert Einstein to Eduard Einstein, 1944". Shapell Manuscript Collection. Shapell Manuscript Foundation. 
  6. ^ "Albert Einstein to Eduard Einstein, circa 1933". Shapell Manuscript Collection. Shapell Manuscript Foundation. 
  7. ^ "Albert Einstein to Eduard Einstein, 1933". Shapell Manuscript Collection. Shapell Manuscript Foundation. 
  8. ^ http://www.shapell.org/manuscript.aspx?albert-einstein-on-sigmund-freud
  9. ^ Robert Dünki, Anna Pia Maissen: «…damit das traurige Dasein unseres Sohnes etwas besser gesichert wird» Mileva und Albert Einsteins Sorgen um ihren Sohn Eduard (1910–1965). Die Familie Einstein und das Stadtarchiv Zürich. In: Stadtarchiv Zürich. Jahresbericht 2007/2008. (german)

Further reading[edit]

  • Eduard Rübel (1986). Eduard Einstein: Erinnerungen ehemaliger Klassenkameraden am Zürcher Gymnasium. P. Haupt. ISBN 3-258-03555-5.  (German)

External links[edit]