Effin

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Effin
Eifinn
Townland and Civil Parish
Sign on way into Effin village
Sign on way into Effin village
Effin is located in Ireland
Effin
Effin
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 52°21′44″N 8°36′38″W / 52.362322°N 8.610567°W / 52.362322; -8.610567Coordinates: 52°21′44″N 8°36′38″W / 52.362322°N 8.610567°W / 52.362322; -8.610567
Country Ireland
Province Munster
County County Limerick
Population (2009)
 • Total 1,441
Irish Grid Reference R5732523937

Effin (Irish: Eifinn) is a townland[1] and civil parish[2] in County Limerick, Ireland. It is on the R515 road, midway between Kilmallock and Charleville. The population of the parish is about 1,000. Effin is partly in the barony of Costlea, but chiefly in that of Coshma. The parish lies in the heart of the Golden Vale, Munster's rich dairyland, and intensive dairying is practised there. Ballyhoura Mountains which separate County Limerick from County Cork, are at the southern end of the parish.

History[edit]

The town is named after Saint Eimhin, pronounced /ˈɛfɨn/ EF-in. In the past, the local seats belonged to J. Balie, and R. Low Holmes. Balie lived in Newpark, and Holmes in Maidenhall.[3]

There is a silver chalice still in use in Effin which bears the following inscription: Aegidius Hiffernane et Eleanora Gibbon et Cornelius Hiffernane Aegidii filius me fieri fecurunt 1633.[3]

It has frequently been noted on lists of unusual place names.[4] In November 2011, residents of Effin came into conflict with the Facebook website when they could not register the townland as their home. "Effin" was deemed by Facebook to be "offensive"; the word "effing" is also a euphemism for "fucking", and was therefore blocked.[5][6] Effin residents led by Ann Marie Kennedy campaigned against the block and Facebook said they were investigating the matter.[7] The following month, it was discovered that Facebook users within Ireland (though not elsewhere) could at last register Effin as their hometown, and the campaign appeared to have partially succeeded.[8] Since February 2012, the campaign was successful as Facebook users worldwide can now insert Effin, Limerick, Ireland as their hometown.[citation needed] In March 2012 a group called the Effin Eggheads raised over €44,000 for the Shave or Dye Cancer fund and became one of the highest charity fundraising group in the Today FM campaign.[citation needed]

Places of interest[edit]

Church[edit]

Father David Nagle built the present church of Effin in 1835-6 and on his death in 1847, he was buried there. The church was renovated in 1981. There is a statue of the crucifixion on the right-hand side, at the entrance to the church, donated by Michael Rea.[3]

Canon Hayes Hall[edit]

There is a parish hall that was built by the people of the parish in the 1950s. It was built in memory of John, Canon Hayes, P.P., Founder of Muintir na Tíre, who was a native of Murroe in East Limerick who spent his final years as Parish Priest of Bansha & Kilmoyler which is in West Tippeary and is a parish of the Diocese of Cashel and Emly. Canon Hayes was a champion of rural development, whose dictum was that the small communities of rural Ireland must help themselves in unison, regardless of class, creed or calling in life. He died on St. Bridget's Day, 1 February 1957 during the building of the hall and fittingly, on its 50th anniversary a history of the hall was published.

Graveyard[edit]

According to Lewis, when Effin was united with the parish of Kilquane and Kilbreedy Minor, there were two small chapels in the parish; one at Effin, the other at Kilbreedy. Kilbreedy Minor church was badly ruined by the late 1830s. Only the middle and side walls of the choir remained.[3]

Kilquane church was a brown sandstone church erected at the foot of Cahir Hill. By 1840, little remained of this ancient structure. Another church, Kilbigly church, had disappeared by 1840.[3] The parish of Kilquane had its own chapel up to the 1830s when a new chapel was erected in Effin. A few years before its closure, up to 600 people were attending mass there every Sunday. It was a thatched chapel. Sadly it no longer remains. The last part of it standing was the sacristy and this remained up to and around 1910 when it was occupied by the local shoemaker, a man by the name of Casey. The boundary wall still remains and the entrance can be seen.

Wells[edit]

Lady's Well is in the townland of Ballyshanedehy in the parish of Effin. It is located about 600 metres north of the Ballyhea-Ardpatrick road. The well had ceased to be a place of pilgrimage by the early 1900s but continued to provide water for local people for domestic use up to the 1940s. It is lined in local stone and has recently been restored by the landowner on whose property it lies.

There is a well located in the townland of Ballymacshaneboy located about a mile and a half south of the Ballyhea-Ardpatrick road at the foot of the Ballyhoura mountains. This well was known as 'Tobar Rí an Domhnaigh', which means 'The well of the King of Sunday'. Nine smaller wells surround this well. This well is enclosed by an earthen bank of circular form believed to be in the shape of an eye. It was said that the bank was constructed by a local man when he regained his sight at the well. It is also believed that the well was stone-lined by a grateful father whose daughter's senses were restored after a fall from a horse, upon bathing her eyes and forehead with water from the well. A local man by the name of Tom Comber cleaned around the well in 1966 and erected a little shrine which contained statues, medals and rosary beads. The well is maintained and people still regularly visit it. But some well-meaning individuals erected a statue of the Blessed Virgin at this well in recent years. This has given rise to some confusion regarding the name of the well, with people now calling it Lady's well, which is an entirely different well in the adjacent townland. There are no organized devotions there now, although it is still regarded as a holy well.

Toberacran ceased to be a pilgrimage site by 1840. Toberacran, in the townland of Gortnacrank, derived its name from Tobar a' Chrann, meaning "well of the tree".

Saint Bridgit's Well in Kilbreedy townland was no longer a pattern site in 1840. It was a small clear pool, roughly lined with stones. One large stone was set on edge beside the well. It was formerly very popular for its alleged power to cure sickness, especially sore eyes.

Danahar mentions a well in the parish, Toberreendoney, this is the anglicised version of 'Tobar Rí an Domhnaigh'. Danaher refers to two other wells in the parish, namely Tobernea and Toberbansha, but did not believe that they were holy wells.

Effin Creamery[edit]

Effin cheese is made in the local Effin creamery. Many farmers formerly brought their milk to the creamery.

People[edit]

  • Mr. Tim Hannan, using the pseudonym, Rambling Thady wrote a column for the Limerick Leader newspaper from 1933 until his death in 1948. He was a contributor to the Limerick Leader with his column, "Stray Scraps" from 1933 until his death in 1948, and a local school master, councillor, and public figure.[10]

Townlands[edit]

# English Irish Translation
1 Ballincolly Baile an Chollaigh The town of the boar
2 Ballyhaght Baile an Chiochtaigh The town of An Ciochtach
3 Ballymacshaneboy Baile Mhic Sheáin Bhuí The town of the son of Séan Buí
4 Ballyshonikin Baile na nGall The town of the standing stones
5 Brickfield Baile Sheoinicín The town of Seoinicín
6 Cloonlogue Baile an Bhaoilligh The town of An Baoilleach
7 Effin Eifinn Named after Saint Effin
8 Garranekeagh An Garrán Caoch The blind grove
9 Garryncoonagh North Garraí an Chuanaigh Thuaidh The garden of An Cuanach
10 Garryncoonagh South Garraí an Chuanaigh Theas The garden of An Cuanach
11 Garrynderk North Garraí na Deirce Thuaidh The garden of the cave
12 Garrynderk South Garraí na Deirce Theas The garden of the cave
13 Gortacrank Gort an Chrainn The field of the tree
14 Graiganster Gráig Anstair The hamlet of Anstar
15 Jamestown Baile Shéamais The town of Séamas
16 Kilbreedy West Cill Bhríde The church of Brid
17 Leagane An Liagán The standing stone
18 Mountblakeney Cnoc an tSoipéalaigh The hill of An Soipéalach
19 Newpark An Pháirc Nua
20 Thomastown Baile Thomáis The town of Tomás
21 Tobernea Tobar Naí Well of the infant
22 Tobernea East Tobar Naí Thoir Well of the infant
23 Tobernea West Tobar Naí Thiar Well of the infant

Garrienderk[edit]

Garrienderk or Garrynderk (Irish: Garraí na Deirce)[11] is a small townland and settlement on the R515 road near Charleville and the border with County Cork.[12] It is beside Effin townland and within Effin parish. Garrienderk church was built in the 19th century and is dedicated to Saint Patrick.[13]

Education[edit]

Effin National School has four teachers and opened in 1941. The current principal is Anne-Maria Murphy. There are over a hundred students in the school.

Music[edit]

Irish traditional music has always had a presence in the parish of Effin. In recent times this has gone somewhat into decline although some notable musicians still remain. The area is home to Liam Flanagan, a fiddle and banjo player with the traditional band "North Cregg". Effin is also the home of North Carolina–based guitarist Éamonn Shanahan. John Carroll also lives in Effin. John is a leading exponent of the button accordion and a member of the decorated Allow Ceili Band who won the All-Ireland Ceili Band competition in 2007.[14]

Sport[edit]

There has been a club in existence in the parish since 1887. There is a GAA sports field with changing rooms and stand. In 2010, Effin hurling team won their first ever county-final. In 2011 they won Intermediate Hurling Championship[15] and the Munster Title and are now a Senior Hurling Team.

County and Munster Intermediate Champions 2011

In 2012 the club celebrated 125 years in existence.

The club has had many famous hurlers who have played for local and county teams.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Townland of Effin Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2011-12-04
  2. ^ Civial Parish of Effin Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2011-12-04
  3. ^ a b c d e Effin Parish Heritage Project, Diocese of Limerick. Retrieved: 2011-12-04.
  4. ^ Parker, Quentin (2010). Welcome to Horneytown, North Carolina, Population: 15: An insider's guide to 201 of the world's weirdest and wildest places. Adams Media. pp. ix. 
  5. ^ "Campaigning to recognize 'offensive' Effin". BBC News. 2011-12-02. 
  6. ^ effing, adj. and adv. Oxford English Dictionary, Third edition, March 2008. Retrieved: 2012-02-10. effing, adj. and adv. Etymology: Euphemistic alteration of fucking adj., with substitution of eff , variant of ef n., for fuck v. Compare later eff v. Compare also later F-word. slang. A. adj. = fucking adj. 2. B. adv. = fucking adv.
  7. ^ Facebook says no 'Effin' way Irish Times, 2011-12-03.
  8. ^ Facebook battle will go down in Effin history Irish Independent, 2012-01-06.
  9. ^ http://openlibrary.org/works/OL11456216W/The_poems_and_parodies_of_Brother_Stephen
  10. ^ Capuchin Annual:1963: p257
  11. ^ Garrynderk North Placenames Database of Ireland. Retrieved: 2011-12-04.
  12. ^ "Garrienderk". Irish Roadside. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  13. ^ "Garrienderk church". Effin Churches. Retrieved 2007-09-23. 
  14. ^ "Tradsoc @ An Seomra Caidreamh presents John Carroll". Department of Music, UCC. Retrieved 10-02-2012.  Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  15. ^ Towering Quaid display guides Effin to title glory Irish Independent, 2011-11-21.